R. H. Rubin, E. D. Shapiro, V. T. Andriole, R. J. Davis and W. E. Stamm, “Evaluation of New Anti-Infective Drugs for the Treatment of Urinary Tract Infection,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, Vol. 15, Suppl. 1, 1992, pp. S216-S227. doi:10.1093/clind/15.Supplement_1.S216
 L. E. Nicolle, S. Bradley and R. Colgan, “Infectious Disease Society of America Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Asymptomatic Bacteriuria in Adults,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, Vol. 40, No. 5, 2005, pp. 643-654. doi:10.1086/427507
 C. M. Kunin and J. E. De Groot, “Self-Screening for Significant Bacteriuria. Evaluation of Dip-Strip Combination Nitrite/Culture Test,” The Journal of American Medical Association, Vol. 231, No. 13, 1975, pp. 1349-1353.
 R. D. Mc Nair, “Evaluation of the Centrifugal and GramStain Smear, Urinalysis and Reagent Strip Testing to Detect Asymptomatic Bacteriuria in Obstetric Patients,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Vol. 182, No. 5, 2000, pp. 1076-1079.
 J. R. Johnson, P. L. Roberts and W. E. Stamm, “P Fimbriae and Other Virulence Factors in Escherichia coli Urosepsis: Association with Patients’ Characteristics,” Journal of Infectious Diseases, Vol. 156, No. 1, 1987, pp. 225-229.
 “US Preventive Services Task Force Guide to Clinical Preventive Services,” 2nd Edition, Screening for Asymptomatic Bacteriuria, 1996. http://www.ahcpr.gov/clinic/uspstfix.htm
 J. K. Kayima, L. S. Otieno, A. Twahir and E. Njenga, “Asymptomatic Bacteriuria among Diabetics Attending Kenyatta National Hospital,” East African Medical Journal, Vol. 73, No. 8, 1996, pp. 524-526.
 Y. Kumamoto, T. Tsukamoto, M. Ogihara, K. Ishibashi, T. Hirose, et al., “Comparative Studies on Activities of Antimicrobial Agents against Causative Organisms Isolated from Patients with Urinary Tract Infections (2000). I. Susceptibility Distribution,” Japanese Journal of Antibiotics, Vol. 57, 2002, pp. 246-274.
 P. C. Inyang-Etoh, G. C. Udofia, A. A. A. Alaribe and N. E. Udonwa, “Asymptomatic Bacteriuria in Patients on Antiretroviral Drug Therapy in Calabar,” Journal of Medical Sciences, Vol. 9, No. 6, 2009, pp. 270-275. doi:10.3923/jms.2009.270.275
 T. P. Flanigan, J. W. Hogan and D. Smith, “Self-Reported Bacterial Infections among Women with or at Risk for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, Vol. 29, No. 3, 1999, pp. 608-612. doi:10.1086/598641
 J. K. Evans, A. McOwen, R. J. Hilman and G. E. Foster, “Incidence of Symptomatic Urinary Tract Infections in HIV Seropositive Patients and Use of Cotrimoxasole as Prophylaxis against Pneumocystics Carina Pneumonia,” Genitourinary Medicine, Vol. 71, No. 2, 1995, pp. 120-122.
 D. Scholes, T. M. Hooton and D. L. Roberts, “Risk Factors for Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection in Young Women,” Journal of Infectious Diseases, Vol. 182, No. 4, 2000, pp. 1177-1182. doi:10.1086/315827
 B. Foxman and R. R. Frerichs, “Epidemiology of Urinary Tract Infection 1. Diaphragm Use and Sexual Intercourse,” American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 75, No. 11, 1985, pp. 1314-1317. doi:10.2105/AJPH.75.11.1314
 T. M. Hooton, D. Scholees, A. E. Stapleton, P. L. Roberts, C. Winter and K. Gupta, “A Prospective Study of Asymptomatic Bacteriuria in Sexually Active Young Women,” New England Journal of Medicine, Vol. 343, 2000, pp. 991-997. doi:10.1056/NEJM200010053431402
 J. W. Bachman, R. H. Heise, J. M. Naessons and M. G. Timmerman, “A Study of Various Tests to Detect Asymptomatic Urinary Tract Infections in an Obstetric Population,” JAMA, Vol. 270, No. 16, 1993, pp. 1971-1974. doi:10.1001/jama.1993.03510160089035
 G. G. Zhanel, L. E. Nicolle and G. M. Harding, “Manitoba Diabetic Urinary Infection Study Group. Prevalence of Asymptomatic Bacteriuria and Associated Host Factors in Women with Diabetes Mellitus,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, Vol. 21, No. 2, 1995, pp. 316-322. doi:10.1093/clinids/21.2.316
 J. Jao, D. Palmer and I. Leus, “Prevalence and Predictors of Proteinuria in HIV-Infected and Uninfected Pregnant Women in Cameroun,” Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, Vol. 26, No. 9, 2011, p. 3051.
 J. Ojoo, J. Paul, B. Batchelor, M. Amir, J. Kimari and C. Mwachari, “Bacteriuria in a Cohort of Predominantly HIV1 Seropositive Female Commercial Sex Workers in Nairobi,” Journal of Infection, Vol. 33, No. 1, 1996, pp. 33-37. doi:10.1016/S0163-4453(96)92719-X
 A. M. De Pinto, G. S. Lopes, C. F. Ramos-Filho, R. Santos-Oda, M. P. De Oliveira, M. Halpern, et al., “Urinary Tract Infection in Men with AIDS,” Genitourinary Medicine, Vol. 70, No. 1, 1994, pp. 30-34.
 O. M. Ibadin, A. Onunu and G. M. Ukoh, “Urinary Tract Infection in Adolescent/Young Adult Nigerians with Acquired Human Immuno Deficiency Disease in Benin City,” Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research, Vol. 5, No. 2, 2006, pp. 55-60.
 C. J. Bennett, M. N. Young and H. Darrington, “Difference in Urinary Tract Infections in Male and Female Spinal Cord Injury Patients on Intermittent Catheterization,” Paraplegia, Vol. 33, 1995, pp. 69-72. doi:10.1038/sc.1995.17
 L. E. Nicolle, J. Bjornson, G. K. Harding and J. A. MacDonell, “Bacteriuria in Elderly Institutionalized Men,” New England Journal of Medicine, Vol. 309, 1983, pp. 1420-1425. doi:10.1056/NEJM1 98312083092304
 L. E. Nicolle, W. J. Mayhew and L. Bryan, “Prospective, Randomized Comparison of Therapy and No Therapy for Asymptomatic Bacteriuria in Institutionalized Elderly Women,” American Journal of Medicine, Vol. 83, No. 1, 1987, pp. 27-33. doi:10.1016/0002-9343(87)90493-1
 G. G. Zhanel, L. E. Nicolle and G. M. Harding (Manitoba Diabetic Urinary Infection Study Group), “Prevalence of Asymptomatic Bacteriuria and Associated Host Factors in Women with Diabetes Mellitus,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, Vol. 21, No. 2, 1995, pp. 316-322. doi:10.1093/clinids/21.2.316
 O. Akinloye, D. O. Ogbolu, O. M. Akinloye and O. A. Terry Alli, “Asymptomatic Bacteriuria of Pregnancy in Ibadan, Nigeria: A Re-Assessment,” British Journal of Biomedical Science, Vol. 63, No. 3, 2006, pp. 109-112.