OJOG  Vol.3 No.4 , June 2013
Adverse pregnancy outcomes in extremely maternal age
ABSTRACT
Objective: To study the adverse outcome in pregnant women ≤ 16 and ≥ 40 years. Study Design: A total of 1100 cases, 1061 cases of pregnant women ≤ 16 years, 20 - 29 and ≥ 40 years with completed charts between 1st January, 2006 to 31st December, 2010, were enrolled in this study. The patient data includeing demographic data, hospital course, maternal laboratory investigations, maternal complications, placental complications and neonatal outcomes were recorded. SPSS version 14, one-way Anowa, Chi-square and analysis of varience were used to compare the data among two and three groups. Results: Anemia, underlying medical diseases including heart, thyroid and pulmonary diseases, obstetric complications including severe pre-eclampsia and gestational diabetes mellitus, placenta previa and preterm labour; medical administrations including magnesium sulfate, dexamethasone and bricanyl, outcome of deliveries and neonatal outcomes, were different with statistical significance between the 3 groups of pregnant women. Conclusion: Adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes were mostly found in the pregnant women ≤ 16 and ≥ 40 years. Education of contraception, safe sex and effective care during pregnancy of both extremely maternal age groups should be implemented to reduce those poor outcomes.

Cite this paper
Chawanpaiboon, S. and Hengrasmee, P. (2013) Adverse pregnancy outcomes in extremely maternal age. Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 3, 427-434. doi: 10.4236/ojog.2013.34078.
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