proposes a multidimensional index that summarizes three relevant aspects of the
educational achievements, out of the data provided by the PISA Report,
concerning reading abilities of 15-year-old students from 65 countries. The three aspects
considered are: performance, equity, and quality. The Educational Development Index (EDI) is the geometric
mean of the normalized values of those three variables. We analyse the
distribution of the variables that approach those three aspects and the
resulting index, relative to the corresponding means of the OECD countries.
Cite this paper
A. Villar, "The Educational Development Index: A Multidimensional Approach to Educational Achievements through PISA," Modern Economy, Vol. 4 No. 5, 2013, pp. 403-411. doi: 10.4236/me.2013.45042.
 United Nations Development Program, “The Real Wealth of Nations: Pathways to Human Development,” 2010.
 C Herrero., R. Martínez and A. Villar, “Multidimensional Social Evaluation. An Application to the Measurement of Human Development,” Review of Income and Wealth, Vol. 56, No. 3, 2010, pp. 483-497.
 C. Herrero, R. Martínez and A. Villar, “A New2 Human Development Index,” Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, Vol. 13, No. 2, 2011, pp. 247-268.
 OECD, “PISA 2009 Results: What Students Know and Can Do. Student Performance in Reading, Mathematics and Science,” Vol. I, 2010.
 J. E. Foster, L. F. López-Calva and M. Székely, “Measuring the Distribution of Human Development: Methodology and an Application to Mexico,” Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, Vol. 6, No. 1, 2005, pp. 5-29. doi:10.1080/1464988052000342220
 S. Seth, “Inequality, Interactions, and Human Development,” Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, Vol. 10, No. 3, 2009, pp. 375-396.
 S. Seth, “A Class of Association Sensitive Multidimensional Welfare Indices, Mimeo,” Vanderblit University, Nashville, 2010.
 J. Roemer, “Equality of Opportunity,” Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1998.
 D. Checchi and V. Peragine, “Regional Disparities and Equality of Opportunity: The Case of Italy,” IZA Working Paper 1874, 2005.
 V. Peragine and L. Serlenga, “Equality of Opportunity for Higher Education in Italy,” In: J. Bishop and B. Zheng Eds., Research in Economic Inequality, Vol. 12, 2007.
 A. Lefranc, N. Pistolesi and A. Trannoy, “Equality of Opportunity: Definitions and Testable Conditions, with an Application to France,” ECINEQ Society, Working Paper, 2006, p. 53.
 A. Calo-Blanco and A. Villar, “Quality of Education and Equality of Opportunity in Spain. Lessons from PISA,” Fundación BBVA, Working Paper, 2010.
 A. Calo-Blanco and J. I. García-Pérez, “On the Welfare Loss Caused by Inequality of Opportunity,” Econ Working Paper No. 1212, 2012.
 OECD, “PISA 2009 Results: Overcoming Social Background,” Equity in Learning Opportunities and Outcomes (Volume II), 2009.
 F. H. G. Ferreira and J. Ginoux, “The Measurement of Educational Inequality: Achievement and Opportunity,” IZA Working Paper No. 6161, 2011.
 A. Villar, “Welfare Poverty Measurement,” Econ Working Paper 1202, 2012.