This study examines long run economic cost of HIV/AIDS on agriculture. Twenty-two African Countries were identified through purposive sampling. The sampling procedure helped to identify 1420 affected households. However, 1300 observations were found suitable for the subsequent analysis. Data were subjected to descriptive statistics and Overlapping Generation (OLG) model. The causes of high prevalence rates are the issue of poverty, fertility, myth and migration among others. Factors responsible for the classification of high HIV/AIDS prevalence rates were the patterns of spread of infectious disease that are closely associated with patterns of human mobility. For lower HIV/AIDS prevalence rate factors were low values of procreation and high values placed on morals. A positive correlation between HIV prevalence and GDP per capita was found. The study found out that there is a curvilinear relationship between the course of the HIV/AIDS epidemic and agricultural/economic growth in terms of human capita development.
 H. Stockl, L. Heise and C. Watts, “Moving beyond Single Issue Priority Setting: Associations between Gender Inequality and Violence and Both HIV Infection and Poor Maternal Health in Malawi,” Geneva, UNAIDS, 2012. http://www.unaids.org/en/ media/unaids/contentassets/ documents/unaidsrfp/2012/ rfp-2012-14/Multivari ateAnalysis_Semi-Final_Draft2.pdf
 G. Owuor, M. Ngigi, A. Ouma and E. Birachi, “Determinants of Rural Poverty in Africa: The Case of Smallholder Farmers in Kenya,” Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol. 7, No. 17, 2007, pp. 2539-2543. doi:10.3923/jas.2007.2539.2543
 T. G. Apata, J. Omidiji and T. Adegbola, “Youth and HIV/AIDS in Nigeria,” Paper Presented at the Conference of Inform Package Training on Data Sieving and Transfer for TDF (Clinical Drug Trials) of HIV/AIDS Prevention and Safety Project, Tema, 25-28 April 2004.
 C. Dawn, I. Parker, H. Kathryn, T. Jacobsen and M. K. Komwa, “A Qualitative Study of the Impact of HIV/ AIDS on Agricultural Households in South-Eastern Uganda,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 6, 2009, pp. 2113-2138.
 J. Verheijen, “Complexities of the ‘Transactional Sex’ Model: Non-Providing Men, Self-Providing Women, and HIV Risk in Rural Malawi,” Annals of Anthropological Practice, Vol. 35, No. 1, 2011, pp. 116-131. doi:10.1111/j.2153-9588.2011.01070.x
 D. W. Sellen and C. Hadley, “Food Insecurity and Maternal-to-Child Transmission of HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa,” Annals of Anthropological Practice, Vol. 35, No. 1, 2011, pp. 28-49. doi:10.1111/j.2153-9588.2011.01065.x
 L. Gulaid and K. Kiragu, “Promising Practices in Community Engagement. Global Plan towards the Elimination of New HIV Infections among Children by 2015 and Keeping Their Mothers Alive,” CCABA/UNICEF/UNAIDS/Global Fund/RIATT Road to Washington Meeting, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Toronto, 2-3 December 2011. http://www.ccaba.org/road-to-washington-addis-ababa
 M. Munoz, “Matching Social Support to Individual Needs: A Community-Based Intervention to Improve HIV Treatment Adherence in a Resource-Poor Setting,” AIDS and Behavior, Vol. 15, No. 7, 2011, pp. 1454-1464. doi:10.1007/s10461-010-9697-9
 T. Barnett and A. Whiteside, “Poverty and HIV: Impact, Coping and Mitigation Policy,” In: G. A. Cornia, Ed., Public Policy and Child Well-Being UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, Vol. 25, 2007, pp. 209-244.
 UNAIDS, “World AIDS Day Report,” 2012. http://www.unaids.org/en/media/ unaids/contentassets/ documents/unaidspublication/2011/JC2216_WorldAIDSday_report_2011_en.pdf
 J. Seeley, S. Dercon and T. Barnett, “The Effects of HIV/AIDS on Rural Communities in East Africa: A Twenty Year Perspective,” Tropical Medicine and International Health, Vol. 15, No. 3, 2010, pp. 329-335. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3156.2009.02458.x
 R. Hajdu, N. Ansell, E. Robson, L. Van-blerk and L. Chipeta, “Income-Generating Activities for Young People in Southern Africa: Exploring AIDS and Other Constraints,” The Geographical Journal, Vol. 177, No. 3, 2011, pp. 251-263. doi:10.1111/j.1475-4959.2010.00381.x
 B. Taylor, D. Bukenya, P. Asten, D. Ago, A. Pain and J. Seeley, “Review: The Impact of HIV on Agricultural Livelihoods in Southern Uganda and the Challenges of Attribution,” Tropical Medicine and International Health, Vol. 16, No. 3, 2011, pp. 324-333. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3156.2010.02703.x
 P. H. Thangata, P. E. Hildebrand and F. Kwesiga, “Predicted Impact of HIV/AIDS on Improved Fallow Adoption and Rural Household Food Security in Malawi,” Sustainable Development, Vol. 15, No. 4, 2007, pp. 205-215. doi:10.1002/sd.323
 N. Romero-Daza, D. A. Himmelgreen, A. Charlotte and D. Turkon, “Dealing with the Global Food Crisis in Local Settings: Nonintensive Agriculture in Lesotho, Southern Africa,” In: D. Himmelgreen, Ed., The Global Food Crisis: New Insights into an Age-Old Problem, NAPA Bulletin, Vol. 32, 2009, pp. 23-41.
 T. S. Jayne, M. Villarreal, P. Pingali and G. Hemrich, “HIV/AIDS and the Agricultural Sector: Implications for Policy in Eastern and Southern Africa,” Journal of Agricultural Development, Vol. 2, No. 2, 2005, pp. 158-181.
 J. Seeley, J. Amurwon and S. Foster, “The Longitudinal Picture: What Does It Reveal?” In: A. Niehof, G. Rugalema and S. Gillespie, Eds., HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Diverse Trajectories and Impacts, Earthscan, London, 2010.
 E. Zagheni, “The Impact of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic on Kinship Resources for Orphans in Zimbabwe,” Population and Development Review, Vol. 37, No. 4, 2011, pp. 761-783. doi:10.1111/j.1728-4457.2011.00456.x
 C. S. Bell, C. Devarajan and H. Gersbach, “Long Run Economic Cost of HIV/AIDS,” Theory and Application to South Africa, 2003. www.developmentgateway.org
 P. H. Herath and H. Takeya, “Factors Determining Intercropping by Rubber Small Holders in Sri-Lanka: A Logit Analysis,” Agricultural Economics, Vol. 29, No. 2, 2003, pp. 159-168. doi:10.1111/j.1574-0862.2003.tb00154.x
 T. S. Jayne, M. Villarreal, P. Pingali and G. Hemrich, “Interaction between the Agricultural Sector and the HIV/ AIDS Pandemic: Implications for Agricultural Policy,” Michigan State University, International Development Paper No.25, 2004.
 C. Miller, D. Bangsberg, D. Tuller, J. Senkungu, A., Kawuma, E. Frongillo and S. Weiser, “Food Insecurity and Sexual Risk in an HIV Endemic Community in Uganda,” AIDS and Behaviour, Vol. 23, No. 4, 2010, pp. 219-227.
 T. R. Müller, “AIDS Mitigation through AgricultureBased Interventions in Rural Contexts: Junior Farmer Field and Life Schools and Future Livelihoods in Central Mozambique,” Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography, Vol. 31, No. 3, 2010, pp. 330-342. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9493.2010.00411.x