OJCE  Vol.3 No.2 , June 2013
Factors Affecting the Efficiency of Fibers in Concrete on Crack Reduction

The object of this research effort was, upon request for evidence from a building contractor, to compare the influence of various amounts and types of fibers on crack widths, using a steel ring mold. Comparisons were made between synthetic fibers (polyolefin) of 48 mm length, hooked-end steel fibers of diameters 0.6 mm and 1.05 mm, both of 50 mm length. 10-liter samples were extracted from concrete ready-mix truck batches at delivery sites, whereupon fibers were mixed into the samples, layer by layer, by applying a drill-mounted mortar mixing device. For each amount of fiber content, 4 rings were cast, and of the plain concrete control samples, 5 rings were cast. After removing the outer steel casting, strain gages were installed on the exposed outer concrete surface. Strain values were continuously logged, and crack developments and crack widths were measured daily. Sufficient data with statistically high significance were obtained to indicate that: A synthetic fiber content of 3 kg/m3 did not decrease crack-widths as compared to the non-fiber concrete samples. Synthetic fiber contents of 5 kg/m3 and higher, did reduce crack widths on par with hooked-end steel fibers in the amounts of 25 kg/m3 and above. Hooked-end steel fibers of aspect ratio 80 are more efficient with regards to crack width reduction, yielding 33% narrower cracks, than hooked-end steel fibers, at equal weight-contents, with aspect ratio 45.

Cite this paper: C. Sorensen, E. Berge, P. Saga and A. Østvold, "Factors Affecting the Efficiency of Fibers in Concrete on Crack Reduction," Open Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 3 No. 2, 2013, pp. 80-85. doi: 10.4236/ojce.2013.32008.

[1]   Transportation Research Board, “Control of Cracking in Concrete,” Report No. E-C 107, Transportation Research Center, Washington DC, 2006.

[2]   Concrete Construction Staff, “Cracks in Driveways: What is Acceptable?” Concrete Construction Magazine, Chicago, 1997.

[3]   N. Banthia, M. Azzabi and M. Pigeon, “Restrained Shrin kage Cracking in Fibre-Reinforced Cementitious Composites,” Materials and Structures, Vol. 26, No. 7, 1993, pp. 405-413

[4]   J. Zhuang, “Evauation of Concrte Mix Design to Mitigate Early-Age Shrinking Cracks in Bridge Decks,” Washing ton State University, Pullman, 2009.

[5]   C. O. SØrensen, P. E. Saga and A. Østvold, “Factors Affecting Fiber Distribution in Concrete and the Efficiency of Fibers on Crack Reduction,” Institute of Mathematics and Technology Report No. 47/2012, The Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Aas, 2012.

[6]   Norm Tec AS, 2007.

[7]   S. A. Bekaert, 2012.

[8]   EuroCode 2 Part 1-1, “Design of Concrete Structures,” 2010.

[9]   A. Myren Synn?ve, “Spr?ytebetong Til Berg-Sikring,” (Rock Stabilizing Shotcrete), Tunnel Structures Section, Norwegian Public Roads Administration, 2011.

[10]   E. ?sgür and K. Marar, “Effect of Steel Fibers on Plastic Shrinkage Cracking of Normal and High Strength Concretes,” Department of Civil Engineering, Eastern Mediterranean University/European University of Lefke, North Cyprus, 2010.