D. Denniston, “High Priorities: Conserving Mountain Ecosystem and Cultures,” Reference: Worldwatch Paper 123, Worldwatch Institute, Washington DC, 1995.
 P. H. Gleick, “Water and Conflict,” International Security, Vol. 18, No. 1, 1993, pp. 79-112. doi:10.2307/2539033
 A. Wakeel, K. S. Rao, R. K. Maikhuri and K. G. Saxena “Forest Management and land Use/Cover Changes in a Typical Micro Watershed in the Mid Elevation Zone of Central Himalaya, India,” Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 213, No. 1-3, 2005, pp. 229-242.
 T. Ali, B. Shabaz and A. Suleri, “Analysis of Myths and Realities of Deforestation in Northerwest Pakistan: Implications for Forestry Extension,” International Journal of Agriculture & Bilology, Vol. 8, No. 1, 2006, pp. 107-110.
 ICIMOD, “Poverty and Social Exclusion in the South Asian Highlands State of the Social Sector and Opportunities for Poverty Reduction and Social Inclusion,” Issues in Mountain Development No. 1. (International Centre for Integrated Mountains Development, Kathmandu, 2000.
 J. Khan, “Constraints and Opportunities for Sustainable Livelihoods and Forest Management in the Mountains of the North-West Frontier Province, Pakistan,” Faculty of Life Sciences, The University of Reading, Reading, 2004.
 R. S. Khan, M. Yusuf and I. U. Haq, “Assessing the PovertyEnvironment Nexus: Evidence from Swat,” Poverty Reduction Environmental Management Programme (PREM), Amsterdam, 2006.
 N. S. Jodha, “Natural Resource Management and Poverty Alleviation in Mountain Areas: Approaches and Efforts,” Conference Paper Series No. 11, International Conference on Natural Assets, Tagaytay City, 8-11 January 2003, pp. 89-104.
 Z. Ali, A. M. Haqqanni and M. Ahmad, “Thal and Technologies for Fodder Production,” Science, Technology and Development, Vol. 24, No. 3, 2005, pp. 87-95.
 A. M. Haqqanni, Z. Ali, S. Shafique, S. Zahid and A. Bakhsh, “Oats: A Fodder of Winter Lean Period,” AgriDigest Journal of Zari Taraqiati Bank Limited, 2003, pp. 15-23.
 P. M. Tulakchan, “Mountain Agriculture in the Hindu Kush-Himalaya,” Mountain Research and Development, Vol. 21, No. 3, 2001, pp. 260-267.
 B. Shabaz and T. Ali, “Participatory Forest Management: Analysis of Forest Use Patterns, Livelihood Strategies and Extent of Participation of Forest Users in Mansehra and Swat districts of Pakistan,” In: Shabaz et al., Eds., Troubled Times: Sustainable Development and Governance in the Age of Extremes, Sustainable Development Policy Institute, City Press, Islamabad, 2006, pp. 148-158.
 N. S. Jodha, “Poverty and Environmental Resource Degradation: An Alternative Explanation and Possible Solutions,” In: N. S. Jodha, Ed., Life on the Edge: Managing Agriculture and Community Resources in Fragile Environments, Oxford University Press, Delhi, 2001, pp. 113130.
 FAO, “Global Forest Resources Assessment 2005,” Progress towards Sustainable Forest Management, 2005, p. 320.
 K. S. Bawa, G. Joseph and S. Setty, “Poverty, Biodiversity and Institutions in Forest-Agriculture Ecotones in the Western Ghats and Eastern Himalaya Ranges of India,” Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, Vol. 121, No. 3, 2007, pp. 287-295. doi:10.1016/j.agee.2006.12.023
 P. Tiwari, “Land Use Changes in Himalaya and Their Impacts on Environment, Society and Economy: A Study of the Lake Region in Kumaon Himalaya, India,” Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, Vol. 25, No. 6, 2008, pp. 1029-1042. doi:10.1007/s00376-008-1029-x
 S. J. Pei, “Indigenous Knowledge of the Mountain People and Conservation of Biodiversity in the Mountain Ecosystems,” ICIMOD, Nepal, 1994.
 J. Y. Lin, “Education and Innovation Adoption in Agriculture: Evidence from Hybrid Rice in China,” American Journal of Agriculture Economics, Vol. 73, No. 3, 1991, pp. 713-723. doi:10.2307/1242823
 AP Gautam, EL Webb, GP Shivakoti and MA Zoebisch, “Land Use Dynamics and Landscape Change Pattern in a Mountain Watershed in Nepal,” Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, Vol. 99, No. 1-3, 2003, pp. 83-96.
 M. Qasim, K. Hubacek, M. Termansen and A. Khan, “Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of Land Use Pattern in District Swat, Hindu Kush Himalayan Region of Pakistan,” Applied Geography, Vol. 31, No. 2, 2011, pp. 820-828. doi:10.1016/j.apgeog.2010.08.008
 PCRWR, “Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources, Regional Office, Bahawalpur,” Information Booklet, 1999.
 M. Iqbal, U. Farooq, A. Bashir, N. A. Khan and S. Z. Malik, “A Baseline Survey for the Development of Livestock Sector in Cholistan,” Joint Publication of AERU, AARI, Faisalabad, SSI, NARC, Islamabad and GTZ, Lahore, 2000.
 A. Mian, and M. Y. J. Mirza, “Pakistan’s Soil Resources,” Pakistan’s National Conservation Strategy Paper No. 4, Jointly Published by IUCN Pakistan and Environment & Urban Affairs Division, Government of Pakistan, 1993.
 R. A. Posner, “Economic Analysis of Law,” Little Brown, Boston, 1972.
 A. Randall, “Resource Economics,” John Wiley and Son, New York, 1987.
 T. H. Tietenberg, “Environmental and Natural Resource Economics,” Harper Collins Publishers Inc., New York, 1992.
 PILDAT (Pakistan Institute of Legislative Development and Transparency), “Issues of Water Resources in Pakistan,” PILDAT Brief Paper No. 7, Pakistan Institute of Legislative Development and Transparency, 2003.
 World Bank, “World Development Report 2008: Agriculture for Development,” World Bank, Washington DC, 2007.
 G. M. Hocking, “Pakistan Medicinal Plants I,” In: Qualitas Plantarum et. Material Vegetabiles, Vol. 5, 1958, pp. 145-153.
 M. K. Kaul, V. Singh, P. K. Sharma and A. K. Bhatia, “Ethnobotanic Studies in Northwest and Trans-Himalaya, II. Approaches to the Study of Ethnobotany towards the Human Welfare in Remote Northwest and Trans-Himalayas,” Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany, Vol. 14, No. 2, 1990, pp. 271-286.
 A. A. Khan, “Propagation and Regeneration Technology of Pharmacopoeial Medicinal Plants of Temperate Regions of Pakistan,” Pakistan Forest Institute, Peshawar, 1989.
 M. Boissière, D. Sheil, I. Basuki, M. Wan and H. Le, “Can Engaging Local People’s Interests Reduce Forest Degradation in Central Vietnam?” Biodiversity and Conservation, Vol. 18, No. 10, 2009, pp. 2743-2757.
 P. L. Sankhayan, N. Gurung, B. K. Sitaula and O. Hofstad, “Bio-Economic Modeling of Land Use and Forest Degradation at Watershed Level in Nepal,” Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, Vol. 94, No. 1, 2003, pp. 105-116. doi:10.1016/S0167-8809(02)00009-9
 S. Wunder, “Poverty Alleviation and Tropical Forests— What Scope for Synergies?” World Development, Vol. 29, No. 11, 2001, pp. 1817-1833.
 R. K. Maikhuri, S. Nautiyal, K. S. Rao, K. Chandrasekhar, R. Gavali and K. G. Saxena, “Analysis and Resolution of Protected Areas—People Conflicts in Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve, India,” Environmental Conservation, Vol. 27, No. 1, 2000, pp. 43-53.
 G. Krishan, S. Kushwaha and A. Velmurugan, “Land Degradation Mapping in the Upper Catchment of River Tons,” Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing, Vol. 37, No. 1, pp. 119-128.
 J. S. Perkins and D. S. G. Thomas, “Spreading Deserts or Spatially Confined Environmental Impacts? Land Degradation and Cattle Ranching in the Kalahari Desert of Botswana,” Land Degradation & Development, Vol. 4, No. 3, 1993, pp. 179-194. doi:10.1002/ldr.3400040307
 L. Krader, “The Ecology of Nomadic Pastoralism,” International Social Science Journal, Vol. 11, No. 4, 1959, pp. 499-500
 L. E. Sweet, “Camel Pastoralism in North Arabia and the Minimal Camping Unit,” In: A Leeds and A. P. Vayda, Eds., Man, Culture and Animals: The Role of Animals in Human Ecological Adjustments, American Association for the Advancements of Science, Washington DC, 1965, pp. 121-129.
 W. W. Swidler, “Adaptive Processes Regulating NomadSedentary Interaction in,” University of California Press, 1973.
 D. W. Brombley, “Making the Common Work: Theory, Practice and Policy,” Institute for Contemporary Studies, San Francisco, 1992.