OJPP  Vol.3 No.2 , May 2013
“Kunstlehre” and Applied Phenomenology
Abstract: This article attempts to clarify the ambiguity or double sense of “Kunstlehre” by Husserl and Gadamer, and emphasizes “Kunstlehre” as pure science that originated in Aristotle’s evaluation of theoría, and as fine art, or as the nature or quasi-nature of “as if”, according to Kant’s idea. Aristotle’s concept of phrónesis will be also regarded as a kind of natural “as if”, and considered as “Kunstlehre”. Gadamer’s philosophical hermeneutics makes a high level or deep theoretical reflection on the “Kunst” of understanding. He founds his hermeneutics under phrónesis, which will be discussed in detail. Regarding the application of “Kunstlehre” to a practical research, this article shows a contribution by Hersch, and explains how phrónesis is actualized in a case study by him. In the end, “Kunstslehre” will be pointed out as a process of exercise with time whereby Sensus communis functions as a principle (arché) of Gadamer’s hermeneutics, and makes the process of the formation of phrónesis possible
Cite this paper: Wang, W. (2013). “Kunstlehre” and Applied Phenomenology. Open Journal of Philosophy, 3, 308-313. doi: 10.4236/ojpp.2013.32048.

[1]   Arendt, H. (2001). The crisis in culture: Its social and its political significance. In: R. Beiner, & J. Nedelsky (Eds.), Judgment, imagination, and politics: Themes from Kant and Arendt (pp. 3-25). New York: Roman & Littlefield Publishers Inc.

[2]   Aristotle (2004). The Nicomachean ethics. Translated by J. A. K. Thomson. London: Penguin.

[3]   Benner, P. (1994). The tradition and skill of interpretive phenomenology in studying health, illness, and caring practices. In P. Benner, (Ed.), Interpretative phenomenology, embodiment, caring, and ethics in health and illness (pp. 99-127). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. doi:10.4135/9781452204727.n6

[4]   Donohoet, J. (2004). Husserl on ethics and intersubjectivity: From static to genetic phenomenology. New York: Humanity Books.

[5]   Dottori, R. (2009). The concept of phronesis by Aristotle and the beginning of hermeneutic philosophy. In: Etica & Politica/Ethics & Politics, XI/1 (pp. 301-310). Università di Trieste Dipartimento di Filosofia.

[6]   Gadamer, H.-G. (1990). Wahrheit und Methode—Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik. Tübingen: Mohr.

[7]   Gadamer, H.-G. (1986). Wahrheit und Methode—Erganzungen & Register. Tübingen: Mohr.

[8]   Hersch, E. L. (2003). From philosophy to psychotherapy, a phenomenological model for psychology, psychiatry, and psychoanalysis. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

[9]   Husserl, E. (1980). Logische Untersuchungen I: Prolegomena zur reinen Logik. Tübingen: Niemeyer.

[10]   Husserl, E. (1988). Vorlesungen über Ethik und Wertlehre, 1908-1914. Hua. XXVIII. Hrsg.: Ullrich Melle. Dordrecht/Boston: Kluwer.

[11]   Husserl, E. (2004). Einleitung in die Ethik : Vorlesungen Sommersemester 1920/1924. Hua. XXXVII. Hrsg.: Peucker, H., Dordrecht. The Netherlands/Boston, Mass.: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

[12]   Kant, I. (1974). Kritik der Urteilskraft. Hrsg.: K. Vorlander, Hamburg: Meiner.

[13]   Melle, U. (2002). Edmund Husserl: From reason to love. In: J. J. Drummond, & L. Embree (Eds.), Phenomenological approach to moral philosophy: A handbook (pp. 229-248). Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer Academic Publishers. doi:10.1007/978-94-015-9924-5_12

[14]   Moustakas, C. (1994). Phenomenological research methods. Thousand Oaks/London/New Delhi: International Education and Professional Publisher.

[15]   Wang, W.-S. (2007). Art as a way of the recovery from techne to ethos —Phenomenological approach to indigenous mental healing in Taiwan. Asia Phenomenology, 1, 2005.

[16]   Wang, W.-S. (2007). Relationship between Husserl’s early ethics and Aristotle’s ethics. NCCU Philosophical Journal, 18, 1-28.