Background: The prevalence of overweight
and obesity are high in Kuwait. Metabolic Syndrome is associated with both. It
is expected to find the syndrome higher than in other countries. Objective: To assess the prevalence
of MS using two different diagnostic criteria, the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and the National Cholesterol Education
Program—Third Adult Treatment Panel
Modified for age (NCEP-ATP III). Study
design: A multi-stage random sample study. Methods: The analysis of data for this study was based on a sample
of 303 male Kuwaiti adolescents, 10 - 19 years of age selected from intermediate
and high schools. Anthropometric measurements and biochemical tests on blood
samples were carried out. The IDF criterion requires waist circumference (WC)
plus two of the following criteria: triglycerides (TG), high density lipoprotein
(HDL), fasting blood sugar (FBS) and blood pressure (PB). The ATP III criterion
requires three of the above parameters. The parameters mentioned must show
increase in their values except for HDL which must show decrease in either
criterion used. Results: Each of
the two criterion revealed that the prevalence of MS was 14.8% and 19.5%, using
the IDF and the ATP III criteria, respectively. HDL decreased in each of the
two diagnostic criteria and the other four parameters increased, satisfying the
diagnostic requirements of either criterion. Conclusions: Significant implications may be drawn from these
results, especially when it comes to being at risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and
cardiovascular disease (CVD).
Cite this paper
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