At the present time, a number of various ways of sportspersons’ special physical capability (SPC) based
mainly on training and competitive loadings ramp up. They are effective enough
to reach the main goal, but none of them provides sportspersons’ health safety.
Moreover, with the increase in volume and intensity of the loadings, which in
sport have almost reached their limits, the sport traumatism and morbidity rate
grow progressively. Proceeding from this, there was an evident necessity for
the search of conceptually new ways for a simultaneous solution of these two
the most complex and, in the opinion of many research workers, almost
incompatible problems—the problem of achieving the
highest levels of special physical working capacity, and the problem of
sportspersons’ health maintenance and improving-associated by us into one
general problem of human motor activity efficiency enhancement. Therefore it is
necessary to physiologically substantiated the basic methods and principles of
special relaxation training, directed on increase of efficiency of process of
training of sportsmen at all stages of the development of athletic skills.
Under the efficiency of the motor activity, we understand achieve the highest
levels of the special physical performance while maintaining sports longevity
and health of athletes.
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