JBiSE  Vol.6 No.5 , May 2013
Controlled release of cisplatin and cancer cell apoptosis with cisplatin encapsulated poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles
ABSTRACT

The goal of the present study is to utilize cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (cisplatin) loaded polymer nanoparticles (NPs) to give a controlled, extended, and local drug therapy for the treatment of cancer. We have used biodegradable and biocompatible poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) to prepare the NPs by adjusting the double emulsion technique using poly(vinylalcohol) as a surface active agent. The PLGA NPs were characterized for particle size and shape, controlled release of cisplatin, and degradation. Cisplatin solubility in deionized water was increased up to 4 mg/mL by simply changing the solution parameters. Cisplatin encapsulated NPs were incubated in phosphate buffered saline (PBS) at 37?C to study the release kinetics of cisplatin. Cisplatin was released in a sustained manner with less than 20% release during a 3-day period followed by 50% release during a 21-day period. A degradation study of PLGA NPs demonstrated the loss of spherical shape during a 21-day period. We also examined the cisplatin sensitive A2780 cell apoptosis when cells were incubated with cisplatin encapsulated PLGA NPs. A large number of cell apoptosis occurred as a result of cisplatin release from the PLGA NPs. These results suggest that cisplatin encapsulated PLGA NPs can be used to treat the cancer cells by injecting them into a localized site minimizing the side effects.


Cite this paper
Jayasuriya, A. and Darr, A. (2013) Controlled release of cisplatin and cancer cell apoptosis with cisplatin encapsulated poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles. Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering, 6, 586-592. doi: 10.4236/jbise.2013.65074.
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