Silica and montmorillonite-supported silica nanoparticles were prepared via an acid one step sol-gel process. The synthesized solids were characterized using XRD, FTIR, TEM and N2 adsorption. The effect of preparing temperatures on the structure and properties of the silica nanoparticles were studied. The results show that the increase of annealing temperature from 25 to 200℃, don’t change amorphous state of silica. While for montmorillonite-supported silica the clay platelets are delaminatedduring the sol-gel process. TEM results showed that the average particle size of silica is increased by increasing temperature due to the particle sintering and the clay-silica nanoparticles possessed core–shell morphology with diameter of 29 nm. The surface area measurements showed that by increasing annealing temperature the surface area was decreased due to aggregation of particle. The clay-silica sample showed lower average pore width than that of the silica prepared at 200℃ indicating that it has a macropores structure. The adsorption efficiency of the prepared samples was tested by adsorption of protoporphyrin IX. The highest adsorption efficiency was found for SiO2 prepared at 200℃. Temkin model describe the equilibrium of adsorption of protoporphyrin IX on caly-silica nanoparticles under different conditions.
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Sadek, O. , Reda, S. and Al-Bilali, R. (2013) Preparation and Characterization of Silica and Clay-Silica Core-Shell Nanoparticles Using Sol-Gel Method. Advances in Nanoparticles, 2, 165-175. doi: 10.4236/anp.2013.22025.
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