ANP  Vol.2 No.2 , May 2013
Plasma Proteome Profiling with Monoclonal Antibody Libraries: A Pilot Biomarker Analysis for Nanomedicine-Induced Complement Activation
ABSTRACT

Complement (C) activation-related hypersensitivity reactions (HSRs) represent an unsolved adverse immune effect of many i.v. administered “nanomedicines”, such as liposomal doxorubicin (Doxil/Caelyx). Because these pseudoallergic reactions can be severe or even lethal, it is an important clinical objective to find biomarkers for proneness for C activation by reactogenic nanoparticles that will allow the prediction of in vivo reactions by in vitro assays. With this goal in mind we identified a normal human blood donor who consistently showed high sensitivity to Caelyx-induced C activation in vitro, whose plasma (Caelyx sensitive plasma, CSP) was subjected to proteome profiling with a library of human plasma proteome specific mAbs. The chip (PlasmaScan-380TM) contained 380 non redundant (with respect to epitopes) mAbs. The analysis revealed 8 proteins that were differentially represented in CSP in comparison with Caelyx-insensitive control plasma. These proteins were identified by mass spectrometry and Western blot analyses to represent factor H (decreased in CSP), factor H related protein, serum amyloid P component, fibronectin, complement component C4, Apo B100, prothrombin and alpha-2-HS glycoprotein (all increased in CSP). Some of these protein changes are consistent with proneness for increased C activation, suggesting the potential use of this method in the search for biomarkers for liposome-induced or other types of nanomedicine-induced HSRs.


Cite this paper
Szebeni, J. , Weiszhár, Z. , Rozsnyay, Z. , Martinsky, T. , Kádas, J. , Lázár, J. , Takács, L. and Kurucz, I. (2013) Plasma Proteome Profiling with Monoclonal Antibody Libraries: A Pilot Biomarker Analysis for Nanomedicine-Induced Complement Activation. Advances in Nanoparticles, 2, 133-144. doi: 10.4236/anp.2013.22022.
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