OJRA  Vol.3 No.2 , May 2013
Larngeal Manifestations of Relapsing Polychondritis
Abstract

The incidence of Relapsing Polychondritis is estimated to be 3.5 cases per million with only 600 cases being reported in the world. It can affect any age ranging from 5 to 84 years with predominance in the fourth and fifth decade. Male to female ratio varies from 1:1 to 1:3. It is believed to be an immunologic reaction to collagen Type II which is predominantly presented in the cartilaginous structures of the body and in the eye. The diagnosis is based on the presence of three or more clinical signs, one clinical sign in addition to histological confirmation, or involvement of two or more sites with a favorable response to treatment based on Mc Adam diagnostic criteria. The otolaryngologic manifestations of RP span the ears, nose, larynx and tracheobronchial tree. The symptoms include change in voice quality, respiratory discomfort, stridor, dyspnea, cough, chocking, anterior neck tenderness mainly over the thyroid cartilage and cricoid cartilages, aspiration and difficulty in swallowing. The laryngeal manifestations should be evaluated using high resolution computerized tomography, Magnetic resonance imaging, pulmonary function testing, plain radiography and pulmonary function testing.


Cite this paper
A. Hamdan and D. Sarieddine, "Larngeal Manifestations of Relapsing Polychondritis," Open Journal of Rheumatology and Autoimmune Diseases, Vol. 3 No. 2, 2013, pp. 108-112. doi: 10.4236/ojra.2013.32016.
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