Cancer of the corpus uteri remains the most common gynecological related cancer in developed countries. Cytology, after the induction of liquid based cytology, has reemerged as a possible first line non-interventional diagnostic procedure with promising results. Apart from slide preparation for cytology diagnosis, LBC allows the application of elaborate molecular tests on the residual material. Samples from 74 symptomatic women were collected in ThinPrep PreservCyt medium, from witch immunocytochemical and molecular tests were performed. Final diagnosis of 39 endometrioid carcinomas, 20 non-endometrioid carcinomas and 15 non-malignant was set after hysterectomy. Topoisomerase IIa expression was common (42%) in both types of cancer. Promoter methylation analysis revealed that hMLH1 is commonly methylated in cancers (52.7%), CDKN
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