ANP  Vol.2 No.2 , May 2013
Nonuniform Distribution of Capping Ligands Promoting Aggregation of Silver Nanoparticles for Use as a Substrate for SERS
ABSTRACT
Citrate-reduced silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) are used extensively for surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) studies, but are typically found to aggregate using an aggregation agent. This study is aimed at developing a simple, stable, and reproducible aggregated method for Ag-NPs without any aggregation agents in aqueous solutions. The aggregation is induced by the process of centrifugation, water washing and ultrasonication. A mechanism based on the nonuniform distribution of capping ligands is proposed to account for the aggregated structure formation. UV-Vis-NIR extinction spectra and TEM allowed us to identify the existence of Ag-NPs aggregation. Further, due to the polydisperse mixture of Ag-NPs (20~65 nm) used in the present work, Ag-NPs are aggregated closely, which contribute to the observation of low-concentration SERS from the residual citrate layer or even the single-molecule SERS of R6Gon aggregation. After the evaporation of droplet of Ag-NPs aggregation on the Si substrate, citrate or R6Gcould also be detected but with marked redor blue-shifts.


Cite this paper
Zhang, Y. , Wang, F. , Yin, H. and Hong, M. (2013) Nonuniform Distribution of Capping Ligands Promoting Aggregation of Silver Nanoparticles for Use as a Substrate for SERS. Advances in Nanoparticles, 2, 104-111. doi: 10.4236/anp.2013.22018.
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