This study examines the effects of fall experience caused by tripping on the movement of stepping over an obstacle. The participants were divided into 3 groups (26 fallers caused by tripping, 24 fallers caused by other causes, and 145 non-fallers). Participants stepped forward over a 10 cm high obstacle with one leg, and then returned to their original position five times as quickly as possible. The OSFS (obstacle single leg forward step) test was measured in the following 2 phases: the OSFS-F phase, in which participants stepped out on one leg, and the OSFS-R phase, in which they returned it. Significant differences among the three groups were found in all parameters, and the fallers by tripping were significantly inferior to the non-fallers. There were no significant differences between the fallers by other reasons and the non-fallers in all parameters. The fallers by tripping were slower in the obstacle step movement than the non-fallers.
Cite this paper
Shin, S. , Demura, S. , Sugiura, H. , Uchida, Y. and Xu, N. (2013) The effects of fall experience by tripping on the movement of stepping over an obstacle. Advances in Aging Research, 2, 81-85. doi: 10.4236/aar.2013.22011.
 Suzuki, T. (2000) Questionnaire for falls assessment of elderly people and its application. Health Assessment Manual Kosei Kagaku Kenkyusho, Tokyo.
 Demura, S., Sato, S. and Sugiura, H. (2010) Lower limb laterality characteristics based on the relationship between activities and individual laterality. Gazzeta Medica Italiana, 169, 181-191.
 Suzuki, T. (2003) Epidemiology and implications of falling among the elderly, Nippon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi, 40, 85-94. doi:10.3143/geriatrics.40.85
 Tinetti, M.E. (1986) Performance oriented assessment of mobility problems in elderly patients. Journal of American Geriatrics Society, 34, 119-126.
 Suzuki, T. (2001) Fall accidents of the elderly. Journal of Clinical Rehabilitation, 10, 955-960.
 Yasumura, S. and Shinno, N. (1997) Risk factors for falls among elderly people. Journal of physical therapy, 14, 199-205.
 Demura, S., Sato, S., Shin, S. and Uchiyama, M. (2012) Setting the criterion for fall risk screening for healthy community-dwelling elderly. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 54, 370-373.
 Shin, S. and Demura, S. (2007) Effective tempo of the step test for dynamic balance ability in the elderly. Journal of Physiological Anthropology, 26, 563-567.
 Shin, S. and Demura, S. (2009) The relationship of age and leg strength in the step test with stipulated tempo in the elderly. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 49, 311-316. doi:10.1016/j.archger.2008.11.009
 Shin, S. and Demura, S. (2009) Relationship between the step test with stipulated tempos and gait ability in the elderly. Journal of Physiological Anthropology, 28, 49 54. doi:10.2114/jpa2.28.49
 Shin, S. and Demura, S. (2010) The usefulness of single leg forward step test for the evaluation of the elderly’s ADL ability. Journal of Physiological Anthropology, 10, 27-32.
 Shin, S. and Demura, S. (2010) Comparison and age level differences among various step tests for evaluating balance ability in the elderly. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 50, 51-54.
 Demura, S., Shin, S. and Yamaji, S. (2008) Sex and age differences of relationships among stepping parameters for evaluating dynamic balance in the elderly. Journal of Physiological Anthropology, 27, 207-215.
 Akiyama, T., Fukushima, T., Hisasita, H. and Ebina, H. (1996) Study on own-injuries of the elderly in outdoor walk space. The report of Japan Society of Traffic Engineers, 16, 193-196.
 Weerdesteyn, V., Rijken, H., Geurts, A.C., Smits-Engelsman, B.C., Mulder, T. and Duysens, J. (2006) A five week exercise program can reduce falls and improve obstacle avoidance in the elderly. Gerontology, 52, 131-141.
 Lamoureux, E., Sparrow, W.A., Murphy, A. and Newton, R.U. (2003) The effects of improved strength on obstacle negotiation in community-living older adults. Gait and Posture, 17, 273-283.
 Mano, Y. (2008) Falls in the elderly and measurements. Ishiyaku Press, Tokyo.
 Watanabe, K. (1993) A response to an obstacle in when the elderly walk. Health care, 35, 93-97.