WSN  Vol.2 No.11 , November 2010
Quality of Service (QoS) Provisions in Wireless Sensor Networks and Related Challenges
Abstract: Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are required to provide different levels of Quality of Services (QoS) based on the type of applications. Providing QoS support in wireless sensor networks is an emerging area of research. Due to resource constraints like processing power, memory, bandwidth and power sources in sensor networks, QoS support in WSNs is a challenging task. In this paper, we discuss the QoS requirements in WSNs and present a survey of some of the QoS aware routing techniques in WSNs. We also explore the middleware approaches for QoS support in WSNs and finally, highlight some open issues and future direction of research for providing QoS in WSNs.
Cite this paper: nullB. Bhuyan, H. Sarma, N. Sarma, A. Kar and R. Mall, "Quality of Service (QoS) Provisions in Wireless Sensor Networks and Related Challenges," Wireless Sensor Network, Vol. 2 No. 11, 2010, pp. 861-868. doi: 10.4236/wsn.2010.211104.

[1]   I. F. Akyildiz, W. Su, Y. Sankarasubramaniam and E. Cayirci, “Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey,” Computer Networks, Vol. 38, No. 4, March 2002, pp. 393-422.

[2]   H. Karl and A. Willing, “A Short Survey of Wireless Sensor Networks,” Technical Report TKN-03-018, Telecommunication Networks Group, Technical University, Berlin, October 2003.

[3]   D. Chen and P. K. Varshney, “QoS Support in Wireless Sensor Network: A Survey,” Proceedings of the 2004 International Conference on Wireless Networks(ICWN2004), Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, June 2004.

[4]   E. Crawley, R. Nair, B. Rajagopalan and H. Sandick, “A Framework for QoS-Based Routing in the Internet,” RFC2386, 1998. 86. txt.

[5]   R. Iyer and L. Kleinrock, “QoS Control for Sensor Networks,” in ICC 2003, Vol. 1, 11-15 May 2003, pp. 517- 521.

[6]   S. Meguerdichian, F. Koushanfar, M. Potkonjak and M. B. Srivastava, “Coverage Problems in Wireless Ad-hoc Sensor Networks,” in Proceedings of IEEE Infocom, 2001, pp. 1380-1387.

[7]   S. Tilak, N. Abu-Ghazaleh and W. Heinzelman, “A Taxonomy of Wireless Micro-Sensor Network Communication Models,” ACM Mobile Computing and communication Review (MC2R), Vol. 6, June 2002, pp. 28-36.

[8]   K. Sohrabi, et al., “Protocols for Self-Organization of a Wireless Sensor Network,” IEEE Personal communications, Vol. 7, No. 5, 2000, pp. 16-27.

[9]   K. Akkaya and M. Younis, “A Survey on Routing Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks,” Ad Hoc Networks, Vol. 3, 2005, pp. 325-349.

[10]   T. He, et al., “SPEED: A Stateless Protocol for Real-Time Communication in Sensor Networks,” Proceedings of International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems, Providence, RI, 19-22 May 2003, pp. 46-55.

[11]   K. Akkaya and M. Younis, “An Energy-Aware Qos Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks,” Proceedings of the IEEE Workshop on Mobile and Wireless Net works (MWN 2003), Providence, RI, May 2003.

[12]   Emad Felemban, Chang-Gun Lee, and Eylem Ekici, “MMSPEED: Multipath Multi-SPEED Protocol for QoS Guarantee of Reliability and Timeliness in Wireless Sensor Networks”, IEEE Transaction on mobile computing, Vol. 5, no. 6, June 2006, pp. 710-715.

[13]   M. Sharifi, M. A. Taleghan and A. Taherkordi, “A Middleware Layer for QoS Support in Wireless Sensor Networks,” Networking, International Conference on Systems and International Conference on Mobile Communications and Learning Technologies, Mauritius, 2006.

[14]   M.-M. Wang, J.-N. Cao, J. Li and S. K. Das, “Middleware for Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey,” Journal of Computer Science and Technology, Vol. 23, No. 3, May 2008, pp. 305-326.

[15]   L. B. Ruiz, I. G. Siqueira and L. B. Oliverira, “Fault Management in Event-Driven Wireless Sensor Networks,” Proceedings of the 7th ACM/IEEE International Symposium on Modeling, Analysis and Simulation of Wireless and Mobile Systems, Italy, 2004, p. 149.

[16]   W. B. Heinzelman, et al., “Middleware to Support Sensor Network Applications,” IEEE Network Magazine Special Issue, Vol. 18, No. 1, 2004, pp. 6-14.

[17]   H. Alex, M. Kumar and B. Shirazi, “MidFusion: An Adaptive Middleware for Information Fusion in Sensor Network Applications,” Information Fusion, Vol. 9, No. 3, July 2008, pp. 332-343.

[18]   F. C. Delicato, et al., “Reflective Middleware for Wireless Sensor Networks,” 20th Annual ACM Symposium on Applied Computing (ACM SAC), USA, 2005.

[19]   E. Souto, et al., “A Message-Oriented Middleware for Sensor Networks,” Proceedings of the 2nd Workshop on Middleware for Pervasive and Ad-Hoc Computing, Canada, 2004, pp. 127-134.

[20]   F. Ye, et al., “A Scalable Solution to Minimum Cost Forwarding in Large Scale Sensor Networks,” Proceedings of International Conference on Computer Communications and Networks (ICCCN), Dallas, TX, October 2001, pp. 304-309.

[21]   B. Deb, S. Bhatnagar and B. Nath, “ReInForm: Reliable Information Forwarding using Multiple Paths in Sensor Networks,” Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Local Computer Networks, Germany, 2003, pp. 406-415.

[22]   I. Stoica, S. Shenker and H. Zhang, “Core-Stateless Fair Queuing: Achieving Approximately Fair Bandwidth Allocations in High Speed Networks,” Proceedings of ACM SIGCOM, Canada, 1998.

[23]   I. Stoica and H. Zhang, “Providing Guaranteed Services Without Per-flow Management,” Proceedings of ACM SIGCOMM’99 Conference on Applications, Technologies, Architectures, and Protocols for Computer Communications, USA, 1999.

[24]   H. W. Tsai, et al., “Mobile Object Tracking in Wireless Sensor Networks,” Journal of Computer Communications, Vol. 30, No. 8, March 2007.

[25]   P. Ji, et al., “DAST: A QoS-Aware Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks,” Proceeding of International Conferences on Embedded Software and Systems Symposia, Sichuan, 29-31 July 2008, pp. 259-264.

[26]   Q. Huang, S. Bhattacharya, C. Lu and G. Roman, “FAR: Face-Aware Routing for Mobicast in Large-Scale Sensor Networks,” ACM Transactions on Sensor Networks, Vol. 1, No. 2, 2005, pp. 240-271.

[27]   Q. Zhang and Y.-Q. Zhang, “Cross layer Design for QoS Support in Multihop Wireless Networks,” Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 96, No. 1, January 2008, pp. 64-76.

[28]   K. R. Gabriel, R. R. Sokal, “A New Statistical Approach to Geographic Variation Analysis,” Systematic Zoology, Vol. 18, No. 3, 1969, pp. 259-270.