ABSTRACT Considering the environmental protection, forest fire becomes a more and more serious problem and requires more concerns. This paper provides an efficient method for fire monitoring and detection in forests using wireless sensor network technology. The proposed technique estimates the location of a sensor node based on the current set of hop-count values, which are collected through the anchor nodes’ broadcast. Our algorithm incorporates two salient features; grid-based output and event-triggering mechanism, to improve the accuracy while reducing the power consumption. Through the computer simulation, the output region obtained from our algorithm can always cover the target node. In addition, the algorithm was implemented and tested with a set of Crossbow sensors. Experimental results demonstrated the high feasibility and worked well in real environment.
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