The study of dynamics of tank
vehicles carrying liquid fuel cargo is complex. The forces and moments due to
liquid sloshing create serious problems related to the instability of tank
vehicles. In this paper, a complete analytical model of a modular tank vehicle
has been developed. The model included all the vehicle systems and subsystems. Simulation
results obtained using this model was compared
with those obtained using the popular TruckSim software. The comparison proved the
validity of the assumptions used in the analytical model and showed a good
correlation under single or double lane change and turning manoeuvers.
Cite this paper
M. Toumi, M. Bouazara and M. Richard, "Development of Analytical Model for Modular Tank Vehicle Carrying Liquid Cargo," World Journal of Mechanics
, Vol. 3 No. 2, 2013, pp. 122-138. doi: 10.4236/wjm.2013.32010
 J. Ellis, “Vehicle Handling Dynamics,” Mechanical Engineering Publicantions, London, 1994.
 H. Dongyoon, “Predictive Modeling and Active Control of Rollover in Heavy Vehicles,” Ph.D. Dissertation, Texas University, Austin, 2001.
 C. B. Winkler, J. E. Bernard and P. S. Fancher, “A Computer Based Mathematical Method for Predicting the Directional Response of Truck and Tractor-Trailers,” Technical Report, Highway Safety Research Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 1973.
 A. Ann, R. D. Ervin and Y. Guy, “The Influence of Weights and Dimensions on the Stability and Control of Heavy-Duty Trucks in Canada,” Volume III Appendices, Final Report, Vehicle Weights and Dimensions Study 2, University of Michigan, Transportation Research Institute, 1986.
 M. Sayers, “Symbolic Computer Methods to Automatically Formulate Vehicle Simulations Codes,” Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 1990.
 M. Toumi, M. Bouazara and M. J. Richard, “Analytical and Numerical Analysis of the Liquid Longitudinal Sloshing Impact on a Partially Filled Tank-Vehicle with and without Baffles,” International Journal of Vehicle System Modeling and Testing, Vol. 3, No. 3, 2009, pp. 229-249. doi:10.1504/IJVSMT.2008.023840
 M. Toumi, M. Bouazara and M. J. Richard, “Impact of Liquid Sloshing on the Behavior of Vehicles Carrying Liquid Cargo,” European Journal of Mechanical Engineering/Solids, Vol. 28, No. 5, 2009, pp. 1026-1034.
 M. Toumi, “études et Analyse de la Stabilité de Camions Citernes,” Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Quebec at Chicoutimi, Canada, 2008, 178 p.
 Maple 9. http://www.maplesoft.com/
 K. Meriam, “Engineering Mechanics,” 5th Edition, Vol. 2, 2002.
 H. B. Pacejka, “Tire and Vehicle Dynamics,” 2nd Edition, 2005.
 H. Pacejka and E. Bakker, “The Magic Formula Tyre-Model,” Proceedings of 1st International Colloquium on Tyre Models for Vehicle Dynamics Analysis, 1991, pp 1-18.
 J. Y. Wong, “Theory of Ground Vehicles,” 3rd Edition, John Wiley and Sons, Hoboken, 2001.
 U. Kiencke and L. Nielsen, “Automotive Control System,” Springer, Berlin, 2000.
 F. Ben Amar, “Modèle de Comportement des Véhicules Tout Terrain pour la Planification Physico-Géométrique des Trajectoires,” Ph.D. Dissertation, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, France, 1994.
 J. Svendenius and M. Gafvert, “A Semi-Empirical Dynamic Tire Model for Combined-Slip Forces,” Vehicle System Dynamics, Vol. 44, No. 2, 2004, pp. 189-208.
 M. Gafvert, J. Svendenius and J. Andreasson, “Implementation and Application of a Semi-Empirical Tire-Model in Multi-Body Simulation of Vehicle Handling,” Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Advanced Vehicle Control, Taipei, 2006.
 W. Pelz, D. Schuring and M. G. Pottinger, “A Model for Combined Tire Cornering and Braking Forces,” SAE Paper, 960180, 1996.
 M. W. Sayers and S. M. Riley, “Modeling Assumptions for Realistic Multibody Simulations of the Yaw and Roll Behavior of Heavy Trucks,” SAE Paper, 960173, 1996.
 M. Sanfridson, M. Gafvert and V. Claesson, “Truck Model for Yaw Dynamics Control,” Technical Report, Lund Institute of Technology, Sweden, 2000.
 D. Syndey, D. Terry and G. Roberts, “A New Vehicle Simulation Model for Vehicle Design and Safety Research,” SAE, Engineering Dynamics Corp., (2001)-01-0503.
 Truckism 6. http://www.carsim.com/