ABSTRACT This paper presents design and development of virtual objects to be used with haptic device PHANTOM Omni for motor rehabilitation by incorporating visual and haptic feedback. Developed predominantly for augmentation of motor skill of patient, the objects could also be used for teaching and enhancing writing skill of children. The virtual objects include English alphabets, numbers, string and mazes, and games. The scheme has been evaluated on children from 11 to 14 years age. The experiment gives good results.
Cite this paper
nullJ. Maniya, P. Pathak and B. Mishra, "Design and Development of Virtual Objects to be Used with Haptic Device for Motor Rehabilitation," Journal of Software Engineering and Applications, Vol. 3 No. 10, 2010, pp. 990-997. doi: 10.4236/jsea.2010.310116.
 D. Grossi, G. Calise, C. Correra and L. Trojano, “Selective Drawing Disorders after Right Sub cortical Stroke: A Neuropsychological Premorbid and Follow-up Case Study,” Italian Journal of Neurological Science, Vol. 17, No. 3, 1996, pp. 241-248.
G. M. Prisco, C. A. Avizzano, M. Calcara, S. Ciancio, S. Pinna and M. Bergamasco, “A Virtual Environment with Haptic Feedback for the Treatment of Motor Dexterity Disabilities,” International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Vol. 4, 1998, pp. 3721-3726.
K. Henmi and T. Yoshikawa, “Virtual Lesson and Its Application to Virtual Calligraphy System,” IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Vol. 2, 1998, pp. 1275-1280.
R. B. Gillespie, M. S. O’Modhrain, P. Tang, D. Zaretzky and C. Pham, “The Virtual Teacher,” ASME International Mechanical Engineering Conference and Exposition, Anaheim, CA, 1998, pp. 3354-3361.
N. Pemalete, W. Yu, R. Dubey and W. Moreno, “Development of a Robotic Haptic Interface to Assist the Performance of Vocational Tasks by People with Disabilities,” IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Washington, DC, 2002, pp. 1269-1274,
C. L. Teo, E. Burdet and H. P. Lim, “A Robotic Teacher of Chinese Handwriting,” 10th Symposium on Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environment and Teleoperator Systems (HAPTICS.02), Orlando, 2002, pp. 335-341.
D. Feygin, M. Keehner and F. Tendick, “Haptic Guidance: Experimental Evaluation of a Haptic Training Method for a Perceptual Motor Skill,” 10th Symposium on Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environment and Teleoperator Systems (HAPTICS.02), Orlando, 2002, pp. 40-47.
N. Pernalete, S. Edwards, R. Gottipati, J. Tipple, V. Kolipakam and R. V. Dubey, “Eye-Hand Coordination Assessment/Therapy Using a Robotic Haptic Device,” IEEE 9th International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, Chicago, IL, USA, 2005, pp. 25-28.
J. Mullins, C. Mawson and S. Nahavandi, “Haptic Handwriting Aid for Training and Rehabilitation,” IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, USA, 2005, pp. 2690-2694.
J. L. Grantner, R. Gottipati, N. Pernalete, G. A. Fodor and S. Edwards, “Intelligent Decision Support System for Eye-Hand Coordination Assessment,” The 14th IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems, USA, 2005, pp. 55-60.
M. Mansour, M. Eid, and A. E. Saddik, “A Multimedia Handwriting Learning and Evaluation Tool,” International Workshop on Educational Multimedia and Multimedia Education, Augsburg, Germany, 2007, pp. 103- 108.
C. Gouy-Pailler, S. Zijp-Rouzier, S. Vidal and D. Chêne, “A Haptic Based Interface to Ease Visually Impaired Pupils’ Inclusion in Geometry Lessons,” Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction: Applications and Services, Beijing, China, 2007, pp. 598-606.
R. Palluel-Germain, F. Bara, A. Hillairet de Boisferon, B. Hennion, P. Gouagout and E. Gentaz, “A Visuo-Haptic Device-Telemaque-Increases Kindergarten Children’s Hand-writing Acquisition,” IEEE Second Joint EuroHaptics Conference and Symposium on Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environment and Teleoperator Systems (WHC’07), Tsukaba, 2007, pp. 72-77.
K. Rassmus-Grohn, C. Magnusson and H. Efiring, “AHEAD- Audio-Haptic Drawing Editor and Explorer for Education,” HAVE 2007-IEEE International Workshop on Haptic Audio Visual Environments and Their Applications, Ottawa, Canada, 2007, pp. 62-66.
R. Kayyali, S. Shirmohammadi, A. E. Saddik and E. Lemaire, “Daily-Life Exercises for Haptic Motor Rehabilitation,” IEEE International Workshop on Haptic Audio Visual Environments and Their Applications, Ottawa, Canada, 2007, pp. 118-123.
B. Bayart, A. Pocheville and A. Kheddar, “An Adaptive Haptic Guidance Software Module for I-TOUCH: Example Through a Handwriting Teaching Simulation and a 3D Maze,” IEEE International Workshop on Haptic Audio Visual Environments and Their Applications, Canada, October, 2005, pp. 51-56.