OJMSi  Vol.1 No.2 , April 2013
Using Automation Controller System and Simulation Program for Testing Closed Circuits of Mini-Sprinkler Irrigation System
ABSTRACT
The field experiments were conducted at the experimental farm of Faculty of agricultural, southern Illinois University SIUC, USA. The project makes the irrigation automated. With the use of low cost sensors and the simple circuitry makes currently project a low cost product, which can be bought even by a poor farmer. This research work is best suited for places where water is scares and has to be used in limited quantity and this proposal is a model to modernize the agriculture industries at a mass scale with optimum expenditure. In the field of agricultural engineering, use of sensor method of irrigation operation is important and it is well known that closed circuits of Mini-sprinkler irrigation system are very economical and efficient. Closed circuits are considered one of the modifications of Mini-sprinkler irrigation system, and added advantages to Mini-sprinkler irrigation system because it can relieve low operating pressures problem at the end of the lateral lines. In the conventional closed circuits of Mini-sprinkler irrigation system, the farmer has to keep watch on irrigation timetable, which is different for different crops. Using this system, one can save manpower, water to improve production and ultimately profit. The data could be summarized in following: Irrigation methods under study when using lateral length 60 mcould be ranked in the following ascending order according the values of the predicted and measured head losses CM1M-SIS < CM2M-SIS.The correlation (Corr.) coefficients were used to compare the predicted and measured head losses along the lateral lines of all the closed circuits designs. Generally, the values of correlation analysis were (>0.90) were obtained with 0% field slope60 mlength (experimental conditions) for all closed circuits.The interaction between irrigation methods: at the start there are significant differences between CM2M-SIS and CM1M-SIS.

Cite this paper
Mansour, H. , Mehanna, H. , El-Hagarey, M. and Hassan, A. (2013) Using Automation Controller System and Simulation Program for Testing Closed Circuits of Mini-Sprinkler Irrigation System. Open Journal of Modelling and Simulation, 1, 14-23. doi: 10.4236/ojmsi.2013.12003.
References
[1]   H. A. Mansour, “Design Considerations for Closed Circuits of Drip Irrigation System,” Ph.D. Thesis, Faculty of Agriculture, Ain Shams University, Cairo, 2012.

[2]   H. A. Mansour, M. Y. Tayel, D. A. Lightfoot and A. M. El-Gindy, “Energy and Water Saving by Using Closed Circuits of Mini-Sprinkler Irrigation Systems,” Agriculture Science Journal, Vol. 1, No. 3, 2010, pp. 1-9. http://www.scirp.org/journal/as/

[3]   P. Ashok and K. Ashok, “Microcontroller Based Drip Irrigation System,” 1st BTech, ECE, 2010. http://www.yuvaengineers.com/?p=583

[4]   R. G. D. Steel and J. H. Torrie, “Principles and Procedures of Statistics, a Biometrical Approach,” 2nd Edition, McGraw Hill Inter. Book Co., Tokyo, 1980.

[5]   H. A. Mansour and A. S. Aljughaiman, “Water and Fertilizers Use Efficiency of Corn Crop under Closed Circuits of Drip Irrigation System,” Journal of Applied Sciences Research, Vol. 8, No. 11, 2012, pp. 5485-5493.

[6]   M. Y. Tayel, A. M. El-Gindy and H. A. Mansour, “Effect of Drip Irrigation Circuit Design and Lateral Line Lengths III—On Dripper and Lateral Discharge,” Journal of Applied Sciences Research, Vol. 8, No. 5, 2012, pp. 2725-2731.

[7]   M. Y. Tayel, A. M. El-Gindy and H. A. Mansour, “Effect of Drip Irrigation Circuit Design and Lateral Line Lengths IV—On Uniformity Coefficient and Coefficient of Variation,” Journal of Applied Sciences Research, Vol. 8, No. 5, 2012, pp. 2741-2748.

[8]   M. Y. Tayel, H. A. Mansour and D. A. Lightfoot, “Effect of Drip Irrigation Circuit Design and Lateral Line Lengths I—On Pressure Head and Friction Loss,” Agriculture Science, Vol. 3, No. 3, 2012, pp. 392-399. http://www.scirp.org/journal/as

[9]   M. Y. Tayel, H. A. Mansour and D. A. Lightfoot, “Effect of Drip Irrigation Circuit Design and Lateral Line Lengths II—On Flow Velocity and Velocity Head,” Agriculture Science, Vol. 3, No. 4, 2012, pp. 531-537. http://www.scirp.org/journal/as

[10]   C. M. Burt, A. J. Clemens, T. S. Strelkoff, K. H. Solomon, R. D. Blesner, L. A. Hardy and T. A. Howell, “Irrigation Performance Measures: Efficiency and Uniformity,” Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, Vol. 123, No. 6, 1997, pp. 423-442. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9437(1997)123:6(423)

[11]   N. Mizyed and E. G. Kruse, “Emitter Discharge Evaluation of Subsurface Trickle Irrigation Systems,” Transactions of the ASAE, Vol. 32, No. 4, 1989, pp. 1223-1228.

[12]   A. G. Smajstrla and G. A. Clark, “Hydraulic Performance of Micro-Irrigation Mini-Sprinkler Tape Emitters,” ASAE Paper No. 92-2057, St Joseph, 1992. http://www.toromicro-irrigation.com

 
 
Top