CWEEE  Vol.2 No.2 , April 2013
Evaluation of the Impact of Government Policy on the Overuse of Groundwater in the Minqin Basin in China
Author(s) Lihua Yang
ABSTRACT

The existing literature simply concludes that the irrational behaviors of local people and natural factors are the major reasons for overuse of groundwater. Using the OLS and ARIMA (BJ) Statistical Methods and Trend Analyses, this article finds that government policy, as measured by four proxy variables, is a very important factor that strongly influences the overuse of groundwater at the collective level. This means the government is a very important actor in the game of groundwater usage. Although these findings cannot clearly separate government effects from local effects, using a Trend Analysis, they reveal that these significant effects are strictly consistent with variations in government policy. Moreover, they show that government policy effective at the county level strongly impacts the overuse of ground-water by influencing the behavior of the local people and that policy at the operative level impacts four policy domains: population, cultivated land, water assignments and peasant income.


Cite this paper
Yang, L. (2013) Evaluation of the Impact of Government Policy on the Overuse of Groundwater in the Minqin Basin in China. Computational Water, Energy, and Environmental Engineering, 2, 59-68. doi: 10.4236/cweee.2013.22007.
References
[1]   S. G. Reynolds (Food and Agriculture of United Nations), “Sustainable Development of Grassland Ecosystems: Two Case Studies from China,” Proceedings of the International Symposium on Sustainable Development of Grassland Ecosystems, Inner Mongolia, 27-30 August 2001. http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Present/China/china1.htm

[2]   H. F. Lee and D. D. Zhang, “Perceive Desertification from the Lay Perspective in Northern China,” Land Degradation & Development, Vol. 36, No. 5, 2004, pp. 529-542. doi:10.1002/ldr.638

[3]   L. Chen, Y. Qu, et al., “Water and Land Resources and Their Rational Development and Utilization in the Hexi Region,” Science Press, Beijing, 1992.

[4]   J. Shi, “Effect of Rainwater Reuse on Ecological Environment in Shiyanghe Catchment,” Proceedings of 7th International Rainwater Catchment System Conference, Vol. 1, No. 3, 1995, pp. 1-7.

[5]   P. Harris, “Sixth and Final Report on Range Management,” Gansu Integrated Desert Control and Sustainable Agriculture, CPR/91/111, 1997.

[6]   Joey, “Will the Desert Claim Minqin?” China Daily, 2004.

[7]   X. Ma, B. Li, C. Wu, H. Peng and Y. Guo, “Predicting of Temporal-Spatial of Ground Water Table Resulted from Current Land Use in Minqin Oasis,” Advances in Water Science, Vol. 14, No. 1, 2003, pp. 85-90.

[8]   Y. Li and F. Chen, “Water Resources Sustainable Utilization Countermeasures in Minqin Basin of Gansu Province,” Journal of Mountain Science, Vol. 19, No. 5, 2001, pp. 465-469.

[9]   D. N. Gujarati, “Basic Econometrics,” 4th Edition, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited, New York, 2003.

[10]   H. Zhao, J. Ma, G. Zhu and X. Li, “The Study on the Change of the Groundwater Environment and Its Causes in the Minqin Basin, Gansu Province,” Arid Zone Re search, Vol. 21, No. 3, 2004, p. 212.

[11]   E. Ostrom, “Governing the Commons the Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action,” Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1990. doi:10.1017/CBO9780511807763

[12]   P. A. Schrodt, “Meso-Level Regimes and Robust Plans,” Comment 1 on Workshop in Political Institutions, Work shop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis, Indiana University, Bloomington, 1992.

[13]   V. Ostrom, “Artisanship and Artifact,” In: McGinnis D. Michael, Ed., Polycentric Governance and Development, The University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, 1980, pp. 377-393.

[14]   L. L. Kiser and E. Ostrom, “The Three Words of Action: A Metatheoretical Synthsis of Institutional Approaches,” In: M. D. McGinnis, Ed., Polycentric Games and Institutions, The University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, 1982, pp. 56-88.

[15]   L. Yang, “Scholar Participated Governance: Combating Desertification and Other Dilemmas of Collective Ac tion,” Ph.D. Dissertation, Arizona State University, Phoe nix, 2009.

[16]   L. Yang, Z. Lan and J. Wu, “Roles of Scholars in the Practice of Combating-desertification: A Case Study in Northwest China,” Environmental Management, Vol. 46, No. 2, 2010, pp. 154-166. doi:10.1007/s00267-010-9534-y

 
 
Top