WJCD  Vol.3 No.2 , April 2013
Relationship between cardiovascular risk factors and traditional Chinese constitution in subjects with high-normal blood pressure
ABSTRACT

Objective: We explored the relationship between traditional Chinese constitution and risk factors for cardiovascular disease in subjects with high-normal blood pressure (BP). Methods: The traditional Chinese constitution of 80 subjects with high-normal BP was judged by questionnaires and interviews. Measurements of cardiovascular and metabolic health in- cluded BP, body weight, body mass index (BMI), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT2h), and waist cir- cumference. Statistical relationships between cardiovascular disease risk factors and specific Chinese constitution were evaluated by univariate and multivariate analyses. Results: Ping He, Tan Shi, and Yin Xu were the dominant constitutions in subjects with high-normal blood pressure. There were significant differences in weight, LDL-C, BMI, OGTT2h, and waist circumference between Tan Shi and Ping He (P < 0.01), in SBP and OGTT2h between Yin Xu and Ping He (P < 0.05), and weight, BMI, waist circumference, SBP, and LDL-C between Tan Shi and Yin Xu constitutions (P < 0.01). Logistic regression found a strong association between the Tan Shi constitution and LDL-C in subjects with high-normal blood pressure. Conclusion: Ping He, Tan Shi, and Yin Xu are the principle traditional Chinese constitutions in subject with high-normal blood pressure. The Tan Shi constitution is associated with multiple risk factors for cardiovascular disease (LDL-C, BMI, body weight, and waist circumference), while OGTT2h is closely related to the Yin Xu constitution.


Cite this paper
Jiang, H. , Han, Y. , Li, R. , Zhou, S. , Liu, X. , Cui, C. , Chen, S. and Zhang, W. (2013) Relationship between cardiovascular risk factors and traditional Chinese constitution in subjects with high-normal blood pressure. World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases, 3, 234-238. doi: 10.4236/wjcd.2013.32036.
References
[1]   Hypertension Prevention and Control Guidelines Revision Committee in China (2011) Prevention and treatment of hypertension in China guide 2010. Chinese Journal of Hypertension, 19, 701-743.

[2]   Chobanian, A.V., Bakris, G.L., Black, H.R., et al. (2003) The 7th report of the joint national committee on prevention, detection, evaluation and treatment of high blood pressure: The JNC 7 report. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 289, 2560-2572. doi:10.1001/jama.289.19.2560

[3]   Kokubo, Y., Kamide, K., Okamura, T., et al. (2009) High normal blood pressure and the risk of cardiovascular disease. Circulation Journal, 73, 1381-1385. doi:10.1253/circj.CJ-09-0336

[4]   Seong, H.K., Goo-Yeong, C., Inkyung, B., et al. (2011) Early abnormalities of cardiovascular structure and function in middle-aged Korean adults with prehypertension: The Korean genome epidemiology study. American Journal of Hypertension, 24, 218-224. doi:10.1038/ajh.2010.213

[5]   Drukteinis, J.S., Roman, M.J., Fabsitz, R.R., et al. (2007) Cardiac and systemic hemodynamic characteristics of hypertension and prehypertension in adolescents and young adults: The strong heart study. Circulation Journal, 115, 221-227.

[6]   Su, Q.M. and Wang, Q. (1995) Bulk of phlegm-dampness constitution blood lipid, blood glucose, insulin and erythrocyte Na+-K+-ATP detection and characterization of enzyme activity. Journal of Basic Medical Science of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 1, 39-41.

[7]   Wang, Q. and Zhu, Y.B. (2008) Study on effect factors of traditional Chinese phlegm-dampness constitution. Journal of Beijing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 31, 10-13.

 
 
Top