AMPC  Vol.3 No.1 A , April 2013
Low-Temperature Synthesis of Nanocrystalline Mn0.2Ni0.8Fe2O4 by Oxalate Precursor Route
ABSTRACT

Manganese nickel ferrite (Mn0.2Ni0.8Fe2O4) powder was synthesized through oxalate precursor route. The effect of annealing temperature (400 - 1100) on the formation, crystalline size, morphology and magnetic properties was systematically studied. The resultant powders were investigated by thermal analyzer (TG-DTG-DSC), X-ray diffractometer (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). Based on thermal analysis results, the oxalate mixture decomposed thermally in multisteps weight loss up to about 680. XRD indicated that Mn0.2Ni0.8Fe2O4 formed at much lower annealing temperature (≤400) but contained α-Fe2O3 impurity. The hematite phase decreased by increasing the annealing temperature. The lattice parameters were increased with increasing annealing temperature up to 1000. The average crystalline size increased by increasing the annealing temperature. Single well crystalline ferrite was obtained at 800with crystallite size about 109 nm. The saturation magnetization of the ferrites powders continuously increased with the increase in annealing temperature. Maximum saturation magnetization 48.2 emu/g was achieved for the formed Mn0.2Ni0.8Fe2O4 phase at annealing temperature 1100.


Cite this paper
M. Hessien, Z. Zaki and A. Mohsen, "Low-Temperature Synthesis of Nanocrystalline Mn0.2Ni0.8Fe2O4 by Oxalate Precursor Route," Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry, Vol. 3 No. 1, 2013, pp. 1-7. doi: 10.4236/ampc.2013.31A001.
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