The aim of this study is to cultivate modern college students’ ecological consciousness under the background of current deteriorating ecological crisis. The study shows some college students do not realize the harm of the ecological crisis and are not fully aware that it is each person’s duties and responsibilities to relieve even solve the ecological crisis either. The study also conveys most students have realized the importance of ecological consciousness in solving the current ecological crisis. They also would like to gain ecological consciousness and accept the three ways discussed in the part of discussion of cultivating their ecological consciousness. Because college students are the precious source of the world and thus colleges have the special mission of guiding the social trend, developing the social culture and making contributions to spiritual construction, it is absolutely urgent and necessary for colleges to make any effort to cultivate college students’ ecological consciousness.