AJIBM  Vol.3 No.2 , April 2013
Shipping and Invasion of Second-Hand Vehicles in West African Ports: Analysing the Factors and Market Effects at the Port of Abidjan

Since more than a decade sub-Saharan Africa has known a plenty of second-hands vehicles especially in francophone West Africa. These second hand vehicles made of personal fleet of cars constitute more than the 85% of the total number of automobiles in the region. That has contributed in a paradox way to businesses creation and increased the level of entrepreneurship in the automobile sector while it has been a help in performing the taxes collection and policy in ports. The invasion of these types of cars has led to West African ports cities especially Abidjan in Cote dIvoire to increase the demand. This paper tends to show the shipping practices of the second hand cars and the demand drawn by the socioeconomic environment. It illustrates the effects on port of Abidjan in Cote dIvoire with the local institutional and regulatory function in the shipping activities of the second hand cars. And so far, this study examines the evidence of how the invasion is organized since its import origins and zones to the sales stations and finally describe how this industry generates income for both public sector and private business owners.

Cite this paper: N. Essoh, "Shipping and Invasion of Second-Hand Vehicles in West African Ports: Analysing the Factors and Market Effects at the Port of Abidjan," American Journal of Industrial and Business Management, Vol. 3 No. 2, 2013, pp. 209-221. doi: 10.4236/ajibm.2013.32026.

[1]   DSRP, “Strategy of Launching of Development and Poverty Reduction,” Ministry of Economy and Finance Abidjan, 2009, p. 198.

[2]   J. Debri, “The West African Port Systems: Global Insertion and Regional Particularities,” Journal of Port Economics in, Electronic Reference, Vol. 13070, No. 20, 2010, pp. 2-10.

[3]   R. De Loynes, “Dossier of Cotonou, Voitures: Le Garage Benin Pousse Les Murs in Le Marin Hebdomadaire,” 2003. http//

[4]   M. Wolkowitsch, “Geographie Des Transports,” Armand Colin, Paris, 1992, p. 322.

[5]   Conférence Européenne Des Ministères Des Transports CEMT, “Transport Et Développement Economique, Table ronde,” OCDE, Paris, 2002.

[6]   G. Dupuy, “Automobile Territories,” Anthropos, Paris, 1996, p. 216.

[7]   J. Verny, “Globalization and Sustainable Mobility,” In: G. Wackermann, Dir. Mondialisation en dossiers of Essays and dissertation, Ellipses, Paris, 2006, pp. 227-331.

[8]   Groupe Etudes et Recherche Permanent sur l’Industrie et les Salaires de l’Automobile (GERPISA), Université d’Evry, “Permanent Research and Studies Group of Industries and Employees of Automobile Sector,” 2009.

[9]   M. G. H. Bell and B. Khalid, “The Port Sector in South Africa: Towards an Integrated Policy and Institutional Reform,” World Bank, Washington DC, 2007.

[10]   E. Boubacha, D. Davoult and E. Gueguen, “City and Port: Change and Restructuration,” International Association Cities and Ports, Ministry of Transport and Housing, Dossier Bibliographique, 1997.

[11]   A. Mair, R. Florida and M. Kenney, “The New Geography of Automobile Production: Japanese Transplants in North America,” Economic Geography, Vol. 64, No. 4, 1988, pp. 352-373.

[12]   Le Nouveau Navire, “Le Grand Coup Des Transporteurs: 1ere Edition Du Grand Prix Des Transporteurs,” No. 184, Abidjan, 13-19 January 2010, pp. 18-19.

[13]   J. Marcadon, “Logique Et Transport Internationaux, Le Cas De La Filière Portuaire,” Geography Review of the East, Vol. 3, No. 4, 1989, pp. 251-258.

[14]   G. Aldoney Vargas, “Le Dynamisme Des Investissements Portuaires Dans La Cité Maritime,” The 6th International Conference of Cities and Ports, Association Internationale De Ports Et Villes, Montevideo, 18-22 November 1997.

[15]   J. H. N. Kablan, “The Ambivalent Dynamism of a Rapidly Expanding Activities of Vehicle in Ports in Cahier,” D’Outre-Mer, Vol. 63, 2010, pp. 397-400.

[16]   J. Alemany Llovera, “Pour Une Ville Portuaire Durable,” The 6th International Conference of Cities and Ports, Association Internationale de Ports et Villes, Montevideo 18-22 November 1997.

[17]   J. Bonnifait, “Dossier Port d’Abidjan,” Jeune Afrique Economy, No. 2238, 2006, pp. 43-100.

[18]   Crook, Gary, “Evolution Du Cadre Institutionnel Et Reforme Portuaire,” 1st Conférence Panafricaine Des Ports, Abidjan, 10-12 December 2001.

[19]   N. Van and C. Henriette, “Port Reform and Concessioning in Developing Countries,” Maritime Economics and Logistics, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2005, pp. 141-155. doi:10.1057/palgrave.mel.9100129?

[20]   S. Addo, “Port Cities and the International Trade of Ghana,” African Urban Quarterly, Vol. 9, No. 1-2, 1994, pp. 53-68.

[21]   E. Musso, M. Benecchio and C. Ferrari, “Ports and Employment in Port Cities,” International Journal of Maritime Economics, Vol. 2, No. 4, 2000, pp. 283-311.

[22]   R. J. Sanchez, J. Hoffmann, A. Micco, G. V. Pizzolitto, M. Sgut and G. Wilmsmeier, “Port Efficiency and International Trade: Port Efficiency as a Determinant of Maritime Transport Costs,” Maritime Economics and Logistics, Vol. 5, No. 2, 2003, pp. 199-218. doi:10.1057/palgrave.mel.9100073

[23]   C. Comtois and B. Slack, “Transformations De La Main-D’Oeuvre Maritime,” Rapport Au Comité Sectoriel De La Main-D’Oeuvre De L’Industrie Maritime, Table Sectorielle De L’Industrie Maritime Du Québec, Québec, 2005, 78 p.

[24]   C. Comtois, B. Slack, J. C. Lasserre and C. Manzagol, “Les Plates-Formes Multimodales En Zones Urbaines,” In: D. Patier-Marque, Ed., L’Intégration Des Marchandises Dans Le Système Des Déplacements Urbains, Laboratoire D’Economie Des Transports, Lyon, 2000, pp. 323-328.

[25]   J.-P. Rodrigue, B. Slack and C. Comtois, “Transportation and Spatial Cycles, Evidence from Maritime Systems,” Journal of Transport Geography, Vol. 5, No. 2, 1997, pp. 87-98. doi:10.1016/S0966-6923(96)00073-7

[26]   B. Slack, C. Comtois and J. C. Lasserre, “Les Systèmes Portuaires Et Les Villes: Comparaisons Entre Diverses Régions Du Monde,” In: D. Patier-Marque, Ed., L’Integration Des Marchandises Dans Le Système Des Deplacements Urbains, Laboratoire D’Economie Des Transports, Lyon, 2000, pp. 319-322.