P. S. Zuchowski, P. A. Habitz, J. D. Hayes and J. H. Oppold, “Process and Environmental Variation Impacts on ASIC Timing,” IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer Aided Design, San Jose, 7-11 November 2004, pp. 336-342.
 M. Zhao and S. S. Sapatnekar, “Timing-Driven Partitioning and Timing Optimization of Mixed Static-Domino Implementations,” IEEE Transactions on CAD of Integrated Circuits and Systems, Vol. 19, No. 11, 2000, pp. 1322-13360. doi:10.1109/43.892856
 A. R. Conn, I. M. Elfadel, W. W. Molzen Jr., P. R. O’Brien, P. N. Strenski, C. Visweswariah and C. B. Whan, “Gradient-Based Optimization of Custom Circuits Using a Static-Timing Formulation,” Design Automation Conference, New Orleans, 21-25 June 1999, pp. 452-459.
 K. A. Bowman, S. G. Duvall and J. D. Meindl, “Impact of Die-to-Die and Within-Die Parameter Fluctuations on the Maximum Clock Frequency Distribution for Gigascale Integration,” IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, Vol. 37, No. 2, 2002, pp. 183-190. doi:10.1109/4.982424
 P. S. Zuchowski, P. A. Habitz, J. D. Hayes and J. H. Oppold, “Process and Environmental Variation Impacts on ASIC Timing,” IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer Aided Design, San Jose, 7-11 November 2004, pp. 336-342.
 C. H. Kim, K. Roy, S. Hsu, R. Krishnamurthy and S. Borkar, “A Process Variation Compensating Technique with an On-Die Leakage Current Sensor for Nanometer Scale Dynamic Circuits,” IEEE Transactions on VLSI Systems, Vol. 14, No. 6, 2006, pp. 646-649. doi:10.1109/TVLSI.2006.878226
 K. Yelamarthi and C.-I. H. Chen, “Process Variation Aware Timing Optimization for Dynamic and Mixed Static-Dynamic CMOS Logic,” IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing, Vol. 22, No. 1, 2009, pp. 31-39. doi:10.1109/TSM.2008.2011665
 V. Chandrasekhar, C.-I. H. Chen and K. Yelamarthi, “Low Cost Low-Power Self-Test Design and Verification for On-Chip ADC in System-On-a-Chip Applications,” IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, Sorrento, 24-27 April 2006.
 Synopsys Design Compiler, http://www.synopsys.com
 Cadence Encounter, http://www.cadence.com