ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the impact of family environment
on only-children’s personality. Methods: Using cross-sectional design to
recruit only-children aged 6 - 16 years old; using EPQ to evaluate the
children’s personality. The general questionnaire, PSDQ (Parenting Styles and
Dimensions Questionnaire), FAD-GFS (The General Functioning Scale of
MacMaster family activity device), SLE(Stressful Life Events), FSQ (Family
Stresses Questionnaire), FLQ (Family Life Questionnaire), EFQ (Everyday
Feelings Questionnaire) were used to collect information about family
environment from parents. Results: In only-child family, standardized regression
equations of family environment influence
on children personality include: 1) EPQ-p = 0.087 × SLE + 0.207 × father
autocratic parenting + 0.131 × education of
father + 0.110 × family type - 0.110 × role of discipline - 0.080 × parental
attitude + 0.087 × family adaptability; 2)
EPQ-e = 0.105 × EFQ- 0.088 ×
SLE - 0.101 × family income; 3) EPQ-n = 0.143 × SLE - 0.090 × family cohesion +
0.089 × family income + 0.117 × the orderly’s attitude - 0.138 × the child’s
role experience of FLQ - 0.101 × parents shaping the behavior of children of
FLQ and 4) EPQ - l = -0.136× SLE - 0.093 × relationship between parents - 0.155
× attitude of the old. Conclusion: It is important for children to develop personality
normally if the father doesn’t choose autocratic parent . Children tend to
be optimistic if the parent can feel happy. The stressful life events are a double-blade
sword depending on the parent’s handling. The difference of the parenting
can influence the lie-personality of children.
Cite this paper
Fu, Y. , Hou, X. , Jia, L. , Qiu, T. , Qin, Q. , Meng, H. , Huang, Y. , Ma, X. , Deng, W. , Luo, Q. , Wang, Y. , Hu, H. , Du, L. , Qiu, H. , Xie, P. and Li, T. (2013) Study of family environmental factor on only-children’s personality. Health, 5, 567-573. doi: 10.4236/health.2013.53A075.
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