OJST  Vol.3 No.1 , March 2013
An in vitro study of antimicrobial agents incorporated into interim restorative materials
ABSTRACT

Aim: To test the hypothesis that antimicrobial agents can be incorporated into bis-acryl resin and that the material will inhibit bacterial growth in vitro. Materials and Methods: 0.5%, 1% and 2% triclosan (5-chloro-2-(2,4-dichlorophenoxy)phenol) and 0.05% 0.01% and 0.15% cetylpyridinium chloride were incorporated into bis-acryl resins and molded into 1 mm × 10 mm discs. The discs were placed on bacterial culture media inoculated with Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans strain Y4, Porphyromonas gingivalis strain SUNYaB A7A1-28 or Streptococcus gordonii strain 10558, incubated and examined for growth inhibition. Results: Triclosan-containing bisacryl resin discs produced dose-dependent zones of growth inhibition for A. actinomycetemcomitans but not S. gordonii or P. gingivalis. Cetylpyridinium chloride-containing discs produced dose-dependent zones of growth inhibition for Porphyromonas gingivalis and Streptococcus gordonii but not A. actinomycetemcomitans. Conclusion: Triclosan and cetylpyridinium chloride can be incorporated into bis-acryl resin and can inhibit the growth of plaque bacteria in a dose dependent manner. Bis-acryl resin containing antimicrobial agents may inhibit in vivo plaque accumulation and gingival inflammation.


Cite this paper
Garza Garza, A. , Haraszthy, V. , Brewer, J. , Monaco, E. , Kuracina, J. and Zambon, J. (2013) An in vitro study of antimicrobial agents incorporated into interim restorative materials. Open Journal of Stomatology, 3, 94-98. doi: 10.4236/ojst.2013.31017.
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