ABB  Vol.4 No.3 A , March 2013
Escherichia coli in seafood: A brief overview
Abstract: Considering the importance of researching the bacteriological quality of seafood, the following study aimed to make a brief overview on the occurrence of Escherichia coli in marine fish and shellfish, and to discuss the sanitary importance that the isolation of this enterobacteria represents to public health.
Cite this paper: Costa, R. (2013) Escherichia coli in seafood: A brief overview. Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology, 4, 450-454. doi: 10.4236/abb.2013.43A060.

[1]   Huss, H.H. (1993) Assurance of seafood quality. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper No. 334, FAO, Rome, 169 p.

[2]   Faber, T.A., Hernot, D.C., Parsons, C.M., Swanson, K.S., Smiley, S., Bechtel, P.J. and Fahey Jr., G.C. (2010) Protein digestibility evaluations of meat and fish substrates using laboratory, avian, and ileal cannulated dog assays. Journal of Animal Science, 88, 1421-1432. doi:10.2527/jas.2009-2140

[3]   Croci, L. and Suffredini, E. (2003) Rischio microbiologico associato al consumo di prodotti ittici. Annali dell’ Istituto Superiore di Sanità, 39, 35-45.

[4]   Wallace, B.J., Guzewich, J.J., Cambridge, M., Altekruse, S. and Morse, D.L. (1999) Seafood-associated disease outbreaks in New York, 1980-1994. The American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 17, 48-54. doi:10.1016/S0749-3797(99)00037-9

[5]   Vieira, R.H.S.F., Souza, O.V. and Patel, T.R. (1997) Bacteriological quality of ice used in Mucuripe Market, Fortaleza, Brazil. Food Control, 8, 83-85. doi:10.1016/S0956-7135(96)00076-X

[6]   Gerokomou, V., Voidarou, C., Vatopoulos, A., Velonakis, E., Rozos, G., Alexopoulos, A., Plessas, S., Stavropoulou, E., Bezirtzoglou, E., Demertzis, P.G. and Akrida-Demertzi, K. (2011) Physical, chemical and microbiological quality of ice used to cool drinks and foods in Greece and its public health implications. Anaerobe, 17, 351-353. doi:10.1016/j.anaerobe.2011.06.005

[7]   Bagge-Ravn, D., Ng, Y., Hjelm, M., Christiansen, J.N., Johansen, C. and Gram, L. (2003) The microbial ecology of processing equipment in different fish industries— Analysis of the microflora during processing and following cleaning and disinfection. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 87, 239-250. doi:10.1016/S0168-1605(03)00067-9

[8]   Kaper, J.B., Nataro, J.P. and Mobley, H.L.T. (2004) Pathogenic Escherichia coli. Nature Reviews, 2, 123-140. doi:10.1038/nrmicro818

[9]   Ishii, S. and Sadowsky, M.J. (2008) Escherichia coli in the environmental: Implications for water quality and human health. Microbes and Environments, 23, 101-108. doi:10.1264/jsme2.23.101

[10]   Nataro, J.P. and Kaper, J.B. (1998) Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli. Clinical Microbiology Reviews, 11, 142-201.

[11]   Dalton, C.B., Mintz, E.D., Wells, J.G., Bopp, C.A. and Tauxe, R.V. (1999) Outbreaks of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli infection in American adults: A clinical and epidemiologic profile. Epidemiology and Infection, 123, 9-16. doi:10.1017/S0950268899002526

[12]   Ruchaud-Sparagano, M.-H., Maresca, M. and Kenny, B. (2007) Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) inactivate innate immune responses prior to compromising epithelial barrier function. Cellular Microbiology, 9, 1909-1921. doi:10.1111/j.1462-5822.2007.00923.x

[13]   Levine, M.M. (1987) Escherichia coli that cause diarrhea: Enterotoxigenic, enteropathogenic, enteroinvasive, enterohemorrhagic, and enteroadherent. The Journal of Infectious Diseases, 155, 377-389. doi:10.1093/infdis/155.3.377

[14]   Takeda, Y. (2011) Vibrio parahaemolyticus, enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli, enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli and Vibrio choleare. Proceedings of the Japan Academy, Series B, Physical and Biological Sciences, 87, 112. doi:10.2183/pjab.87.1

[15]   Beauchamp, C.S. and Sofos, J.N. (2010) Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli. In: Juneja, V.K. and Sofos, J.N. Eds., Pathogens and Toxins in Foods, ASM Press, Washington DC, 71-94.

[16]   Scaletsky, I.C.A., Fabbricotti, S.H., Carvalho, R.L.B., Nunes, C.R., Maranh?o, H.S., Morais, M.B. and Fagundes-Neto, U. (2002) Diffusely adherent Escherichia coli as a cause of acute diarrhea in young children in Northeast Brazil: A case-control study. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 40, 645-648. doi:10.1128/JCM.40.2.645-648.2002

[17]   Kumar, H.S., Otta, S.K., Karunasagar, I. and Karunasagar, I. (2001) Detection of Shiga-toxigenic Escherichia coli (STEC) in fresh seafood and meat marketed in Mangalore, India by PCR. Letters in Applied Microbiology, 33, 334-338. doi:10.1046/j.1472-765X.2001.01007.x

[18]   Ayulo, A.M., Machado, R.A. and Scussel, V.M. (1994) Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus in fish and seafood from the southern region of Brazil. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 24, 171-178. doi:10.1016/0168-1605(94)90116-3

[19]   Feldhusen, F. (2000) The role of seafood in bacterial foodborne diseases. Microbes and Infection, 2, 1651-1660. doi:10.1016/S1286-4579(00)01321-6

[20]   Gram, L. (1992) Evaluation of the bacteriological quality of seafood. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 16, 25-39. doi:10.1016/0168-1605(92)90123-K

[21]   Griffiths, F.P. and Fuller J.E. (1936) Detection and significance of Escherichia coli in commercial fish and fillets. American Journal of Public Health and the Nations Health, 26, 259-264. doi:10.2105/AJPH.26.3.259

[22]   Baer, E.F., Duran, A.P., Leininger, H.V., Read Jr., R.B., Schwab, A.H. and Swartzentruber, A. (1976) Microbiological quality of frozen breaded fish and shellfish products. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 31, 337-341.

[23]   de Le’on, R., Ridelman, J.M., de Cabrera, S., Constantinides, S., Lee, T.C. and Chichester, C.O. (1978) Microbiologic quality of fish on sale in the city of Guatermala. Revista de Biología Tropical, 26, 153-163.

[24]   Silva, A.A.L. and Hofer, E. (1993) Resistance to antibiotics and heavy metals in Escherichia coli from marine fish. Environmental Toxicology and Water Quality, 8, 1-11. doi:10.1002/tox.2530080102

[25]   Jeyasanta, K.I., Aiyamperumal, V. and Patterson, J. (2012) Prevalence of antibiotic resistant Escherichia coli in sea foods of Tuticorin coast, Southeastern India. Advances in Biological Research, 6, 70-77.

[26]   Thampuran, N., Surendraraj, A. and Surendran, P.K. (2005) Prevalence and characterization of typical and atypical Escherichia coli from fish sold at retail in Cochin, India. Journal of Food Protection, 68, 2208-2211.

[27]   Marín, C., Fonseca, C., Arias, S., Villegas, I., García, A. and Ishihara, H. (2009) Bacteriological load of the fishes Cynoscion squamipinnis and Lutjanus gutattus in the marketing chain, Costa Rica. Revista de Biología Tropical, 57, 45-52.

[28]   Koo, H.J., Kwak, H.S., Yoon, S.H. and Woo, G.J. (2012) Phylogenetic group distribution and prevalence of virulence genes in Escherichia coli isolates from food samples in South Korea. World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology, 28, 1813-1816. doi:10.1007/s11274-011-0954-5

[29]   Akoachere, J.F., Bughe, R.N., Oben, B.O., Ndip, L.M. and Ndip, R.N. (2009) Phenotypic characterization of human pathogenic bacteria in fish from the coastal waters of South West Cameroon: Public health implications. Reviews on Environmental Health, 24, 147-156. doi:10.1515/REVEH.2009.24.2.147

[30]   Ryu, S.H., Park, S.G., Choi, S.M., Hwang, Y.O., Ham, H.J., Kim, S.U., Lee, Y.K., Kim, M.S., Park, G.Y., Kim, K.S. and Chae, Y.Z. (2012) Antimicrobial resistance and resistance genes in Escherichia coli strains isolated from commercial fish and seafood. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 152, 14-18. doi:10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2011.10.003

[31]   Iwamoto, M., Ayers, T., Mahon, B.E. and Swerdlow, D.L. (2010) Epidemiology of Seafood-Associated Infections in the United States. Clinical Microbiology Reviews, 23, 399-411. doi:10.1128/CMR.00059-09

[32]   Jain, S., Chen, L., Dechet, A., Hertz, A.T., Brus, D.L., Hanley, K., Wilson, B., Frank, J., Greene, K.D., Parsons, M., Bopp, C.A., Todd, R., Hoekstra, M., Mintz, E.D. and Ram, P.K. (2008) An outbreak of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli associated with sushi restaurants in Nevada, 2004. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 47, 1-7. doi:10.1086/588666

[33]   Ozogul, Y., Ozogul, F., Olgunoglu, I.A. and Kuley, E. (2008) Bacteriological and biochemical assessment of marinating cephalopods, crustaceans and gastropoda during 24 weeks of storage. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 59, 465-476.

[34]   Hood, M.A., Ness, G.E. and Blake, N.J. (1983) Relationship among fecal coliforms, Escherichia coli, and Salmonella spp. in shellfish. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 45, 122-126.

[35]   Van, T.T., Chin, J., Chapman, T., Tran, L.T. and Coloe, P.J. (2008) Safety of raw meat and shellfish in Vietnam: An analysis of Escherichia coli isolations for antibiotic resistance and virulence genes. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 124, 217-223. doi:10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2008.03.029

[36]   Wang, F., Jiang, L., Yang, Q., Han, F., Chen, S., Pu, S., Vance, A. and De, B. (2011) Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of major foodborne pathogens in imported seafood. Journal of Food Protection, 74, 1451-1461. doi:10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-11-146

[37]   Tusevlijak, N., Rajic, A., Waddell, L., Dutil, L., Cernicchiaro, N., Greig, J., Wilhelm, B.J., Wilkins, W., Totton, S., Uhland, F.C., Avery, B. and McEwen, S.A. (2012) Prevalence of zoonotic bacteria in wild and farmed aquatic species and seafood: A scoping study, systematic review, and meta-analysis of published research. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease, 9, 487-497. doi:10.1089/fpd.2011.1063

[38]   Gourmelon, M., Montet, M.P., Lozach, S., Le Mennec, C., Pommepuy, M., Beutin, L. and Vernozy-Rozand, C. (2006) First isolation of Shiga toxin 1d producing Escherichia coli variant strains in shellfish from coastal areas in France. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 100, 85-97. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2672.2005.02753.x

[39]   De Paola, A., Jones, J.L., Woods, J., Burkhardt III, W., Calci, K.R., Krantz, J.A., Bowers, J.C., Kasturi, K., Byars, R.H., Jacobs, E., Williams-Hill, D. and Nabe, K. (2010) Bacterial and viral pathogens in live oysters: 2007 United States market survey. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 76, 2754-2768. doi:10.1128/AEM.02590-09

[40]   Watkinson, A.J., Micalizzi, G.B., Graham, G.M., Bates, J.B. and Costanzo, S.D. (2007) Antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli in wastewaters, surface waters, and oysters from an urban riverine system. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 73, 5667-5670. doi:10.1128/AEM.00763-07

[41]   Yap, A.S. (1977) Microbiological evaluation of South Australian rock lobster meat. The Journal of Hygiene (London), 79, 373-380. doi:10.1017/S0022172400053213

[42]   Swartzentruber, A., Schwab, A.H., Duran, A.P., Wentz, B.A. and Read Jr., R.B. (1980) Microbiological quality of frozen shrimp and lobster tail in the retail market. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 40, 765-769.

[43]   Surendraraj, A., Thampuran, N. and Joseph, T.C. (2010) Molecular screening, isolation, and characterization of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 from retail shrimp. Journal of Food Protection, 73, 97-103.

[44]   Teophilo, G.N.D., Vieira, R.H.S.F., Rodrigues, D.P. and Menezes, F.G.R. (2002) Escherichia coli isolated from seafood: Toxicity and plasmid profiles. International Microbiology, 5, 11-14. doi:10.1007/s10123-002-0052-5

[45]   Manna, S.K., Manna, C., Batabyal, K., Das, B., Golder, D., Chattopadhyav S. and Biswas, B.F. (2009) Serogroup distribution and virulence characteristics of sorbitol-negative Escherichia coli from food and cattle stool. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 108, 658-665. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2672.2009.04460.x

[46]   Mohamed Hatha, A.A., Maqbool, T.K. and Suresh Kumar, S. (2003) Microbial quality of shrimp products of export trade produced from aquacultured shrimp. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 82, 213-221. doi:10.1016/S0168-1605(02)00306-9

[47]   Koonse, B., Burkhardt III, W., Chirtel, S. and Hoskin, G.P. (2005) Salmonella and the sanitary quality of aquacultured shrimp. Journal of Food Protection, 68, 2527-2532.

[48]   Matyar, F., Kaya, A. and Din?er, S. (2008) Antibacterial agents and heavy metal resistance in Gram-negative bacteria isolated from seawater, shrimp and sediment in Iskenderun Bay, Turkey. The Science of the Total Environmental, 407, 279-285. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2008.08.014

[49]   Vieira, R.H.S.F., Carvalho, E.M.R., Carvalho, E.M.R., Silva, C.M., Sousa, O.V. and Rodrigues, D.P. (2010) Antimicrobial susceptibility of Escherichia coli isolated from shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) and pond environment in northeastern Brazil. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes, 45, 198-203. doi:10.1080/03601231003613526

[50]   Parente, L.S., Costa, R.A., Vieira, G.H.F., dos Reis, E.M.F., Hofer, E., Fonteles, A.A. and Vieira, R.H.S.F. (2011) Bactérias entéricas presentes em amostras de água e camar?o marinho Litopenaeus vannamei oriundos de fazendas de cultivo no Estado do Ceará, Brasil. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, 48, 4653.

[51]   Duran, G.M. and Marshall, D.L. (2005) Ready-to-eat shrimp as an international vehicle of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Journal of Food Protection, 68, 2395-2401.