AiM  Vol.3 No.1 , March 2013
Efficacy of Antimicrobial Lauric Arginate against Listeria monocytogenes on Stainless Steel Coupons
ABSTRACT

Commercially processed foods become contaminated with Listeria monocytogenes in post-processing environments where favorable conditions help the bacteria thrive. The US Food and Drug Administration has approved Lauric arginate (LAE) as generally recognized as safe (GRAS) for certain food applications. This study evaluated the efficacy of Mirenat-N (LAE dissolved in food-grade propylene glycol) against L. monocytogenes on food contact surfaces. A three-strain cocktail of L. monocytogenes was used to inoculate 24 polished stainless steel coupons with three treatments, 100 ppm and 200 ppm solutions of LAE and water (control); two sub-treatments of high (6 log CFU/ml) and low (4 log CFU/ml) inoculum levels; and two contact times of 5 and 15 min. Attached bacteria were dislodged by vortexing coupons for 1 min with 20 g of 3-mm solid glass beads in 10 ml of 0.1% peptone diluent, and bacterial populations were calculated by plating onto modified oxford medium (MOX) and thin agar layer MOX (TALMOX). The 100 ppm treatment showed average reductions of 1.38 and 2.57 log CFU/coupon at the low inoculum level and 0.37 and 0.62 log CFU/coupon at high inoculum levels, after 5 and 15 min exposure, respectively. For 200 ppm at the high inoculum level, 1.23 and 1.88 log CFU/coupon reductions were seen for 5 and 15 min, respectively; the low inoculum level at 5 and 15 min exposure showed reductions of ≤1.5 log CFU/coupon. The 100 ppm LAE treatment was more effective at low inoculum levels for 5 and 15 min contact times and may be used to control low levels of contamination of L. monocytogenes on food contact surfaces.


Cite this paper
J. Saini, M. Barrios, J. Marsden, K. Getty and D. Fung, "Efficacy of Antimicrobial Lauric Arginate against Listeria monocytogenes on Stainless Steel Coupons," Advances in Microbiology, Vol. 3 No. 1, 2013, pp. 65-68. doi: 10.4236/aim.2013.31010.
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