ABSTRACT The physical and mathematical model of the planetary heat balance is developed to establish the influence of the atmospheric transmission for the solar radiation in the shortwave spectrum range and for the surface IR radiation in the longwave spectrum range on the Earth’s climate. It is shown the possibility of the decreas- ing of the atmospheric and surface temperatures with the decreasing of the atmospheric transmission for IR spectrum range, and this decreasing can’t be equilibrated with the change of the atmospheric transmission for the incoming solar radiation.
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