Akoum, N. (2010). Factors motivating teachers in Lebanese Public Schools. Unpublished M.S. Thesis, Beirut: Lebanese University.
 Albirini, A. A. (2006). Teacher’s attitudes toward information and communication technologies: The case of Syrian EFL teachers. Journal of Computers and Education, 47, 373-398.
 Anderson, R. E., & Dexter, S. L. (2000). School technology leadership: Incidence and impact. Centre for Research on Information Technology and Organizations. Irvine, CA: University of California.
 Bennis, W., & Nanus, B. (1985). Leaders: The strategies for taking charge. New York: Harper & Row.
 BECTA (2007). The impact of ICT in schools: A landscape review. Coventry: BECTA.
 BECTA (2003). Primary schools: ICT and standards.
 Bransford, J., Brown A. L., & Cocking, R. R. (2000). How people learn: Brain, mind, experience and school (2nd ed.). Washington DC: National Academy Press.
 Coates, D., Humphreys, B. R. et al. (2004). No significant distance between face-to-face and online instruction: Evidence from principles of economics. Economics of Education Review, 23, 533-546.
 Condie, R., & Munro, R. (2007). The impact of ICT in schools: A landscape review. Strathclyde: University of Strathclyde.
 Day, C. (2003). What successful leadership in schools looks like: Implications for policy and practice (pp. 187-204). In B. Davies, & J. West-Burnham (Eds.), Handbook of educational leadership and management. Edinburgh Gate: Pearson Education Limited
 Day et al. (2010). 10 strong claims about effective school leadership. Nottingham: National College for Leadership of Schools and Children’s Services.
 Developing Rehabilitation Assistance to Schools and Teacher Improvement (D-RASATI) (2011). Field Survey Results Report of Lebanese Public Schools. Beirut: Lebanese Ministry of Education and Higher Education.
 Dubrin, A. J., Dalglish, C., & Miller, P. (2006). Leadership. Milton: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
 Fuchs, T., & Woessmann, L. (2004). Computers and Stu-dent Learning: Bivariate and Multivariate Evidence on the Availability and Use of Computers at Home and at School, CESifo Working Paper. No. 1321. Munich: CESifo.
 Flanagan, L., & Jacobsen, M. (2003). Technology leadership for the 21st century principal. Journal of Educational Administration, 41, 124-142. doi:10.1108/09578230310464648
 Fullan, M. (2005). Leadership and sustainability: Systems thinkers in action. California: Corwen Press and Ontario Principals’ Council.
 Fullan, M. (2002). Principals as leaders in a culture of change, educational leadership.
 Ghamrawi, N. (2010). Teaching-learning-technology (TLT): A new formula for school enhancement. International Journal of Excellence in Education, 3. http://journals.hbmeu.ae/
 Gillespie, H. (2006). Unlocking learning and teaching with ICT: Identifying and overcoming barriers. London: David Fulton.
 Glennan, T. K., & Melmed, A. (1995). Fostering the use of educational technology: Elements of a national strategy. Washington DC: RAND.
 Goleman, D. (2004). What makes a leader? Harvard Business Review, 82, 82-91.
 Goleman, D. (2000). Leadership that gets results. Harvard Business Review, 78, 78-90.
 Grimus, M. (2000). ICT and multimedia in the primary school. The 16th Conference on Educational Uses of Information and Communication Technologies, Beijing, 21-25 August.
 Gurr, D., Drysdale, L., & Mulford, B. (2006). Models of successful principal leadership. School Leadership and Management, 26, 371- 395. doi:10.1080/13632430600886921
 Harris, A. (2003). Teacher leadership: A new orthodoxy? In B. Davies, & J. West-Burnham (Eds.), Handbook of educational leadership and management (pp. 44-50). Edinburgh Gate: Pearson Education Limited.
 Harrison, W., & Rainer, K. (1992). An examination of the factor structures and concurrent validates for the computer attitude scale, the computer anxiety rating scale, and the computer self-efficacy scale. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 52, 735-744.
 Hayes, D. N. A. (2007). ICT and learning: Lessons from Australian classrooms. Computers & Education, 49, 385-395.
 Hsieh-Yee, I. (2000). Organizing internet resources: Teaching cataloging standards and beyond. OCLC Systems & Services, 16, 130-143.
 Jacobson, M., & Hunter, W. (2004) Leadership and technology in schools.
 Jonassen, D., & Reeves, T. (1996). Learning with technology: Using computers as cognitive tools. In D. Jonassen (Ed.), Handbook of research educational on educational communications and technology (pp. 693-719). New York: Macmillan.
 Kay, K., & Honey, M. (2009). Beyond technology competency: A vision of ICT literacy to prepare students for the 21st century. Charleston, WV: Evantia.
 Katz, R. N. (2002). The ICT infrastructure: A driver of change. Educause, July-August 2002, 50-61.
 Kearney, G., & McGarr, O. (2009). The role of the teaching principal in promoting ICT use in small primary schools in Ireland. Technology, Pedagogy and Education, 18, 87-102.
 Kluever, C., Lam, T., & Hoffman, R. (1994). The computer attitude scale: Assessing changes in teachers’ attitudes toward computers. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 11, 251-256.
 Kirkland, K., & Sutch, D. (2009). Overcoming the barriers to educational innovation. Bristol: Futurelab.
 Kozma, R. (2003). Technology, innovation and educational change: A global perspective. Oregon: Eugene:
 Kulik, J. A. (1994). Meta-analysis study of findings on computer-based instruction. In E. L. Baker, & H. F. O’neil (Eds.), Technology assessment in education and training. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
 Law, N., Chow, Y., & Yuen, H. K. (2005). Methodological approaches to comparing pedagogical innovations using technology. Education and Information Technologies, 38, 7-20.
 Lee, M., Gaffney, M., & Schiller, J. (2001). Integrating ICT in your school: New opportunities for leadership. Los Angeles: Sage Publications
 Leuven, E., Lindahl, M., Oosterbeek, H., & Webbink, D. (2004). The effect of extra funding for disadvantaged pupils on achievement. IZA Discussion Paper. No. 1122. Bonn: Institute for the Study of Labor.
 MacDonald, R. (2006). Factors contributing to teacher information communication technology integration. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
 McCausland, H., Wache, D., & Berk, M. (1999). Computer literacy; its implications and outcomes: A case study from the Flexible Learning Centre. Adelaide: University of South Australia.
 Moore, M., & Kearsley, G. (1996). Distance education: A systems view. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
 Murphy, C. (2006). The impact of ICT on primary science. In P. Warwick, E. Wilson, & M. Winterbottom (Eds.), Teaching and learning primary science with ICT (pp. 13-32). Berkshire: Open University Press.
 OECD (2001). Schooling for tomorrow learning to change: ICT in schools. Paris: OECD.
 Ofsted (2000). Improving city schools. London: Office for Standards in Education.
 Oliver, R. (2000). Creating meaningful contexts for learning in webbased settings. Proceedings of Open Learning 2000, Brisbane: Learning Network, 53-62.
 Pelgrum, W. J. (1993). Attitudes of school principals and teachers towards computers: Does it matter what they think? Studies in Educational Evaluation, 19, 199-212.
 Postman, N. (1995) The end of education. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
 Romeo, G. I. (2006). Engage, empower, enable: Developing a shared vision for technology in education. In M. S. Khine (Ed.), Engaged learning and emerging technologies. Amsterdam: Springer Science.
 Schiller J. (2002). Interventions by school leaders in effective implementation of information communication technologies: Perceptions of Australian principal. Journal of Information Technology for Teacher Education, 11, 12-35. doi:10.1080/14759390200200138
 Schiller, J. (2003) The elementary school principal as a change facilitator in ICT integration.
 Schoeny, Z. G. (2002) Leadership of information technology in education. Journal of Information Technology for Teacher Education, 11, 84-102.
 Slowinski, J. (2000). Becoming a technology savvy administrator.
 Sosin, K., Blecha, B. J., Agawal, R., Bartlett, R. I., & Daniel, J. I. (2004). Efficiency in the use of technology in economic education: Some preliminary results. American Economic Review, 34, 253-258.
 Spillane, J. P. (2009). Managing to lead: Reframing school leadership and management. Kappan, 37, 70-73.
 Steed, Hollingsworth, & Marzek (2005). Leadership and ICT.
 Walsh, K. (2002). ICT’s about learning: School leadership and the effective integration of information and communications technology. Nottingham: National College for School Leadership.
 Wong, A. F. L., Quek, C. L., Divaharan, S., Liu, W. C., Peer, J., & Williaams, M. D. (2206). Singapore students’ and teachers’ perceptions of computer-supported project work classroom learning environments. Journal of Research in Technology in Education, 38, 449-479.
 Yee, D. (2001). The many faces of ICT leadership. In B. Barrell (Ed.), Technology, teaching and learning: Issues in the integration of technology (pp. 223-238). Calgary, AB: Detselig.
 Yelland, N. (2001). Teaching and learning with information communication technology (ICT) for numeracy in early childhood and primary years of schooling. Sydney: Department of Education, Training and Youth Affairs.
 Yacoub, S. (2000). School principalship in Lebanon: Problems and suggested solutions. Lebanese Association for Educational Studies, 1, 295-330.
 Young, J. (2002). The 24-hour professor. The Chronicle of Higher Education, 48, 31-33.