Back
 JEP  Vol.4 No.3 , March 2013
Impact of Different Tillage Methods on Silty Loam Luvisol Water Content in Sugar Beet (Beta vulgaris L.) Crop
Abstract: The regulation of water regime in the soil is the most important task in semi-humid climate with not even precipitation distribution conditions. Reduced or minimum tillage may change soil hydrological properties. The objectives of this study were to investigate the possibilities to manage soil water regime during the whole soil tillage system for sugar beet, which are especially sensitive for water deficit or abundance. Five field experiments were carried out at the Experimental Station of the Lithuanian University of Agriculture (Aleksandras Stulginskis University since 2011) (54°52'N, 23°49'E) during 1995-2010. The soil of the experiments was silty loam Luvisol. In this study we highlighted the reduction of primary soil tillage from deep annual soil ploughing to shallow ploughing, deep and shallow cultivation and no till, comparison of soil ploughing and subsoiling, presowing ploughed or unploughed soil tillage with different cultivators—S-tine, complex, rotary and others, soil compressing with Cambridge and spur rollers before and after sugar beet sowing investigations. According to the results of experiments, reduction of primary soil tillage conserved soil water. The highest storage of soil water in spring was observed in non-reversibly tilled or not tilled soil. Subsoiling led higher water infiltration rate, and top layer of subsoiled soil consisted less moisture content than ploughed. Sugar beet seedbed moisture mostly depended on soil tillage intensity and depth. Presowing rotary tilling was the top tillage method in the case of water preservation in ploughed or unploughed soil. Soil compressing with rollers mostly had negative or low influence on light loam Luvisol moisture content. Rolling with Cambridge roller effected on more rapid water transport from deeper to top sugar beet seedbed layers and higher evaporation rate.
Cite this paper: K. Romaneckas, E. Šarauskis, L. Masilionytė, A. Sakalauskas and V. Pilipavičius, "Impact of Different Tillage Methods on Silty Loam Luvisol Water Content in Sugar Beet (Beta vulgaris L.) Crop," Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 4 No. 3, 2013, pp. 219-225. doi: 10.4236/jep.2013.43026.
References

[1]   J. He, H. W. Li, X. Y. Wang, A. D. McHugh, W. Y. Li, H. W. Gao and N. J. Kuhn “The Adoption of Annual Subsoiling as Conservation Tillage in Dryland Maize and Wheat Cultivation in Northern China,” Soil and Tillage Research, Vol. 94, No. 2, 2007, pp. 493-502. doi:10.1016/j.still.2006.10.005

[2]   I. G. Martínez, C. Ovalle1, A. Del Pozo, H. Uribe, N. V. Valderrama, Ch. Prat, M. Sandoval, F. Fernández and E. Zagal, “Influence of Conservation Tillage and Soil Water Content on Crop Yield in Dryland Compacted Alfisol of Central Chile,” Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol. 71, No. 4, 2011, pp. 615-622. doi:10.4067/S0718-58392011000400018

[3]   J. Flexas, J. Bota, J. Galmés, H. Medrano and M. Ribas-Carbó, “Keeping a Positive Carbon Balance under Adverse Conditions: Responses of Photosynthesis and Respiration to Water Stress,” Physiologia Plantarum, Vol. 127, No. 3, 2006, pp. 343-352. doi:10.1111/j.1399-3054.2006.00621.x

[4]   P. D. R. Herden, J. W. Swanepoel and G. H. J. Kruger, “Modulation of Photosynthesis by Drought in Two Desert Scrub Species Exhibiting C3—Mode CO2 Assimilation,” Environmental and Experimental Botany, Vol. 61, No. 2, 2007, pp. 124-136. doi:10.1016/j.envexpbot.2007.05.005

[5]   N. Nakayama, H. Saneoka and R. E. A. Moghaieb, “Response of Growth, Photosynthetic Gas Exchange, Translocation of 13C-Labelled Photosynthetic and Accumulation in Two Soybean (Glycine max L. Merrill) Cultivars to Drought Stress,” International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, Vol. 9, No. 5, 2007, pp. 669-674

[6]   E. Sarauskis, F. Godlinski, A. Sakalauskas, M. Schlegel, N. Kanswohl, K. Romaneckas, A. Jasinskas and V. Pilipavicius, “Effects of Soil Tillage and Sowing Systems on Sugarbeet Production under the Climatic Conditions of Lithuania,” Landbauforschung, Vol. 60, No. 2, 2010, pp.101-110.

[7]   M. A. Licht and M. Al-Kaisi, “Strip-Tillage Effect on Seedbed Soil Temperature and Other Soil Physical Properties,” Soil and Tillage Research, Vol. 80, No. 1-2, 2005, pp. 233-249. doi:10.1016/j.still.2004.03.017

[8]   D. Feiziene, V. Feiza and G. Kadziene, “The Influence of Meteorological Conditions on Soil Water Vapour Exchange Rate and CO2 Emission under Different Tillage Systems,” Zemdirbyste = Agriculture, Vol. 96, No. 2, 2009, pp. 3-22.

[9]   D. Simanskaite, “The Effect of Ploughing and Ploughless Soil Tillage on Soil Physical Properties and Crop Productivity,” zemes ūkio Mokslai—Agricultural Sciences, Vol. 14, No. 1, 2007. pp. 9-19.

[10]   A. W. Lenssen, G. D. Johnson and G. R. Carlson, “Cropping Sequence and Tillage System Influences Annual Crop Production and Water Use in Semiarid Montana” Field Crops Research, Vol. 100, No. 1, 2007, pp. 32-43. doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2006.05.004

[11]   E. Sarauskis, K. Romaneckas and S. Buragiene, “Impact of Conventional and Sustainable Soil Tillage and Sowing Technologies on Physical-Mechanical Soil Properties,” Environmental Research, Engineering and Management, Vol. 3, No. 49, 2009, pp. 36-43.

[12]   V. Feiza, D. Feiziene, G. Kadziene, S. Lazauskas, I. Deveikyte, A. Slepetiene and V. Seibutis, “Soil State in the 11th Year of Three Tillage Systems Application on a Cambisol,” Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment. Vol.9, No. 3-4, 2011, pp. 1088-1095.

[13]   P. I. Moraru and T. Rusu, “Effect of Tillage Systems on Soil Moisture, Soil Temperature, Soil Respiration and Production of Wheat, Maize and Soybean Crops,” Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment, Vol. 10, No. 2, 2012, pp. 445-448.

[14]   V. Pilipavicius, R. Romaneckiene and K. Romaneckas, “Crop Stand Density Enhances Competitive Ability of Spring Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.),” Acta Agriculture Scandinavica. Section B: Soil and Plant Science, Vol. 61, No. 7, 2011, pp. 648-660.

[15]   IUSS Working Group World Reference Base, “World Reference Base for Soil Resources,” 2nd Edition, World Soil Resources Reports No. 103, FAO, Rome, 2006, pp. 86-87.

[16]   D. Hillel, “Introduction to Soil Physics,” Academic Press, Inc., Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Publishers, San Diego, 1982, pp. 58-63.

[17]   G. Kritz, “Physical Conditions in Cereals Seedbeds. A Sampling Investigation in Swedish Spring-Sown Fields,” Reports of the Division of Soil Management, Uppsala, 1983.

[18]   I. Hakansson, A. Myrbeck and A. Etana, “A Review of Research on Seedbed Preparation for Small Grains in Sweden,” Soil and Tillage Research, Vol. 64, No. 1-2, 2002, pp. 23-40. doi:10.1016/S0167-1987(01)00255-0

[19]   K. J. Rasmussen, “Impact of Ploughless Soil Tillage on Yield and Soil Quality: A Scandinavian Review,” Soil & Tillage Research, Vol. 53, No. 1, 1999, pp. 3-14. doi:10.1016/S0167-1987(99)00072-0

[20]   D. J. Lyon, W. W. Stroup and R. E. Brown, “Crop production And Soil Water Storage in Long-Term Winter Wheat-Fallow Tillage Experiment,” Soil & Tillage Research. Vol. 49, No. 1-2, 1998, pp. 19-27. doi:10.1016/S0167-1987(98)00151-2

[21]   K. P. Fabrizzi, F. O. Garcia, J. L. Costa and L. I. Picone, “Soil Water Dynamics, Physical Properties and Corn and Wheat Responses to Minimum and No-Till Systems in the Southern Pampas of Argentina,” Soil & Tillage Research, Vol. 81, No. 1, 2005, pp. 57-69. doi:10.1016/j.still.2004.05.001

[22]   R. Q. Cannel and J. D. Hawes, “Trends in Tillage Practices in Relation to Sustainable Crop Production with Special Reference to Temperate Climates,” Soil and Tillage Research, Vol. 30, No. 2-4, 1994, pp. 245-282. doi:10.1016/0167-1987(94)90007-8

[23]   H. Tsuji, H. Yamamoto, K. Matsuo and K. Usuki, “The Effect of Long-Term Conservation Tillage, Crop Residues and P Fertilizers on Soil Conditions and Responses of Summer and Winter Crops on Andosol in Japan,” Soil and Tillage Research, Vol. 89, No. 2, 2006, pp. 167-176. doi:10.1016/j.still.2005.07.005

[24]   G. P. Lafond, W. E. May, F. C. Stevenson and D. A. Derksen, “Effects of Tillage Systems and Rotations on Crop Production for a Thin Black Chernozem in the Canadian Prairies,” Soil and Tillage Research, Vol. 89, No. 2, 2006, pp. 232-245. doi:10.1016/j.still.2005.07.014

[25]   K. Romaneckas, R. Romaneckiene, V. Pilipavicius and E. sarauskis, “Effect of Sowing Depth and Seedbed Rolling on Sugar Beet,” Zemdirbyste-Agriculture, Vol. 96, No. 1, 2009, pp. 39-52.

[26]   K. Romaneckas, R. zuliene and R. Romaneckiene, “The Influence of Different Presowing Tillage Methods on Agrophysical Soil Properties and on Sugar Beet Seed Field Germination,” Zemdirbyste-Agriculture, Vol. 73, 2001, pp. 147-158 (in Lithuanian with English Summary).

 
 
Top