Aim: To compare diets between obese and non-obese in healthy older subjects. Methods: Forty-five obese and eighty-seven non-obese older subjects were recruited and their habitual factors that may contribute to obesity were assessed. Intakes of food by food-group in the obesity and non-obesity groups were checked using a visual type presentation of model nutriational balance chart (MNBC). Results: Average intake ratio of food relative to ideal food intake was significantly higher in the obesity group than the non-obesity group. The relationship of obesity and exercise or habitual activities was not significant. Conclusion: Food intake is a primary factor of obesity but regular exercise or habitual activities is not a key factor for obesity in older subjects. Since exercise habit is difficult to achieve in older subjects, particularly those who are obese, food control using the present visualtype MNBC would be one strategy forthe management of obesity.
 Flodmark, C.E., Marcus, C. and Britton, M. (2006) Inter- ven-tions to prevent obesity in children and adolescent, a systematic literature review. International Journal of Obesity, 30, 579-589. doi:10.1038/sj.ijo.0803290
 Iijima, K., Limuro, S., Ohashi, Y., Sakurai, T., Umegaki, H., Araki, A., Yoshimura, Y., Ouchi, Y., Ito, H. and the Japanese Elderly Diabetes Intervention Trial Study Group (2012) Lower physical activity, but not excessive calorie intake, is associated with metabolic syndrome in elderly with type 2 diabetes mellitus: The Japanese elderly dia- betes intervention trial. Geriatrics Gerontology International, 12, 68-75. doi:10.1111/j.1447-0594.2011.00814.x
 Hsiao, P.Y., Jensen, G.L., Hartman, T.J., Mitchell, D.C., Nick-ols-Richardson, S.M. and Coffman, D.L. (2011) Food intake patterns and body mass index in older adults: A review of the epidemiological evidence. Journal of Nu- trition in Gerontology and Geriatrics, 30, 204-224. doi:10.1080/21551197.2011.591266
 Satoh, A., Menzawa, K., Lee, S., Hatakeyama, A. and Sasaki, H. (2007) Dietary guidance for obese children and their families using a model nutritional balance chart. Japan Journal of Nursing Science, 4, 95-102.
 Iijima, K., Iimuro, S., Shimozaki, T., Ohashi, Y., Sakurai, T., Umegaki, H., Araki, A., Ouchi, Y., Ito, H. and the Japanese Elderly Diabetes Intervention Trial Investigator Group (2012) Lower physical activity is a strong predic- tor of cardiovascular events in eiderly patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus beyond traditional risk factors: The Ja- panese elderly diabetes inter-vention trial. Geriatrics & Gerontology International, 12, 77-87. doi:10.1111/j.1447-0594.2011.00815.x
 Yamada, M., Uemura, K., Mori, S., Nagai, K., Uehara, T., Arai, H. and Aoyama, T. (2012) Faster decline of physical perfor-mance in older adults with higher level of baseline locomotive function. Geriatrics Gerontology Interna- tional, 12, 238-246. doi:10.1111/j.1447-0594.2011.00757.x
 Satoh, A., Sakurada, T., Hatakeyama, A., Fukuoka, Y., Hata-keyama, R. and Sasaki, H. (2008) Dietary guidance for older patients with diabetes mellitus and primary care- givers using a model nutritional balance chart. Japan Journal of Nursing Science, 5, 83-89. doi:10.1111/j.1742-7924.2008.00105.x