OJOph  Vol.3 No.1 , February 2013
Strabismus in Cases of Cataract in Pediatric Age Group*
Abstract: Purpose: To investigate the epidemiology of strabismus in cases of pediatric cataracts. To assess visual outcome following orthoptic treatment for amblyopia in cases of cataracts in the pediatric age group. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study. We investigated a consecutive series of pediatric patients with congenital, developing, or traumatic cataracts who underwent surgery between January 1999 and April 2012 at our center. Patient demographics, cataract type, presenting symptoms, surgical intervention, postoperative visual acuity, and follow-up refractive changes were recorded. Results: In total, 1331 eyes of 1043 children were included: unilateral cataracts were present in 785 (59%) eyes. There were 605 (45.5%) traumatic and 726 (54.5%) non-traumatic cases. Ages at surgery ranged from 1 to 215 months. All eyes were examined for ocular alignment; 66 (5%) were found to manifest strabismus. Deviation was significantly associated with age at intervention (p < 0.001), sensory nystagmus (p < 0.001), and etiology of cataracts (p < 0.001). We found significant differences in visual outcome following amblyopia therapy (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Surgical treatment with intraocular lens implantation in children with congenital, developmental, or traumatic cataracts is effective for visual rehabilitation. Orthoptic treatment made a significant difference in visual outcome (p < 0.001).
Cite this paper: Shah, S. , Shah, M. , Upadhyay, P. , Bardoloi, G. and Netralaya, D. (2013) Strabismus in Cases of Cataract in Pediatric Age Group*. Open Journal of Ophthalmology, 3, 19-23. doi: 10.4236/ojoph.2013.31006.

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