AJPS  Vol.4 No.2 , February 2013
Pollen Production in Relation to Ecological Class of Some Hydrophytes and Marsh Plants
Abstract: The knowledge of quantitative production and method of dispersal give some idea about the frequency of presence of particular plant pollen grains in the atmosphere or hydrosphere. Pollen production in terms of number per anther along with the particular anther number per flower, anther length, pollen grain size, mode of anther dehiscence was determined for 51 angiospermous hydrophytes and marsh species occurring in Tripura, India. Pollen production is species specific. The level of pollen production directly related to the anther size and anther number per flower. However, no such correlation could be drawn between pollen production and size of pollen grains. Most of the hydrophytic taxa of the present investigation are anemophilous. The anemophilous taxa are characterized by high pollen production. However no correlation could be drawn from the present study between the high pollen production and mode of anther dehiscence as in all the studied taxa they show only one kind of anther dehiscence.
Cite this paper: S. Bhowmik and B. Datta, "Pollen Production in Relation to Ecological Class of Some Hydrophytes and Marsh Plants," American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 4 No. 2, 2013, pp. 324-332. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2013.42043.

[1]   S. L. Buchmann, C. E. Jones and L. J. Colin, “Vibratile Pollination of Solanum douglassi and S. xanti (Solanaceae) in Southern California,” Wasmann Journal of Biology, Vol. 35, 1977, pp. 1-25.

[2]   A. K. Mondal and S. Mandal, “Pollen Production in Some Terrestrial Angiosperms,” Current Science, Vol. 74, No. 10, 1998, pp. 906-910.

[3]   P. K. Dan, C. H. Rahaman and S. Mandal, “Prevalence of Airborne Pollen and Spores in the Aquatic Environments of Birbhum District, West Bengal, India,” Proceedings of 4th International Conference on Aerobiology, Stockholm, 27-31 August 1990, pp. 105-111

[4]   P. K. Dan and S. Mandal, “Pollen and Fungal Spores in an Aquatic Environment, West Bengal Preliminary Report,” Indian Journal of Aerobiology, Vol. 15, 1992, pp. 193-196.

[5]   M. J. Diez, S. Talavera and P. GarciaMurillo, “Contribution to the Palynology of Hydrophytic Non-Entomophilous Angiosperms I. Studies with LM and SEM,” Candoellea, Vol. 43, 1988, pp. 147-158.

[6]   C. S. Reddi, E. U. B. Reddi, A. Janaki Bai, K. V. R. Raju and M. S. Reddi, “The Ecology of Anther Dehiscence, Pollen Liberation and Dispersal in Xanthium strumarium Linn,” Indian Journal of Ecology, Vol. 7, 1980, pp. 171-181

[7]   C. S. Reddi, N. S. Hoddi and A. J. Bai, “Circadian Patterns of Pollen Release in Some Species of Poaceae,” Review of Palaeobotany and Paly-nology, Vol. 54, No. 1-2, 1988, pp. 11-42. doi:10.1016/0034-6667(88)90003-6

[8]   R. L. Davidson, “A Note on Anthesis on Some Common Grasses near Jonesburg and the Relation of Anthesis to Collection of Pollen for Medical Purpose,” South African Journal of Botany, Vol. 7, 1941, pp. 145-152. A. Bhattacharya and B. K. Datta, “Anthesis and Pollen Release of Some Plants of West Bengal, India,” Grana, Vol. 31, No. 1, 1992, pp. 67-71. doi:10.1080/00173139209427828

[9]   M. S. U. Islam, R. Abid and M. Qaiser, “Anther Types of the Dicots within Flora of Karachi, Pakistan,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. 40. No. 1, 2008, pp. 33-41.

[10]   R. K. Sharma and P. K. K. Nair, “A Study of Pollen Production in Brassica L.,” Palynological Bulletin, Vol. 6, No. 2, 1970, pp. 62-66.

[11]   R. S. Vaish, “Pollen Production in Lablab niger,” Journal of Palynology, Vol. 9, 1973, pp. 83-86.

[12]   C. S. Reddi and N. S. Reddi, “Pollen Production in Some Anemophilous Angiosperms,” Grana, Vol. 25, No. 1, 1986, pp. 55-61. doi:10.1080/00173138609429933

[13]   S. Mondal, K. N. Bhattacharya and S. Mandal, “Floral Biology, Pollen Production and Dispersal in Morus indica L. and Peltophorum inerme (Roxb.) Llanos,” Journal of Palynology, Vol. 28, 1992, pp. 137-142.

[14]   A. Bhattacharya, S. Mondal and S. Mondal, “Anthesis, Pollen Production and Release of Some Angiospermic Plant Taxa,” Journal of Environment and Ecology, Vol. 15, No. 2, 1997, pp. 283-287.

[15]   J. Vijayakumari and G. Vilasini, “Pollen Production in Certain Medicinally Important Species of the Genus Solanum,” Journal of Palynology, Vol. 41, 2005, pp. 153-160.

[16]   M. R. Torno, A. H. Rodriguez, I. S. Palacios and F. G. Mpez, “Pollen Production in Anemophilous Trees,” Grana, Vol. 35, No. 1, 1996, pp. 38-46.

[17]   P. K. K. Nair and K. Rastogi, “Pollen Production in Some Allergenic Plants,” Current Science, Vol. 32, 1963, pp. 566-567.

[18]   S. Mondal and S. Chanda, “Aeroallergens of West Bengal in the Context of Environmental Pollution and Respiratory Allergy,” Biological Memories, Vol. 6, 1981, pp. 1-61.

[19]   R. P. Wodehouse, “Pollen grains,” McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, 1935.

[20]   R. F. Daubenmire, “Plants and Environment: A Textbook of Plant Autoecology,” New York, 1947.

[21]   F. Pohl, “Die Pollenerzeugung der Windblu tler. (in German.),” Beih Botanical Centra, Vol. 56, 1937, pp. 365-370.

[22]   M. S. Agnihotri and B. P. Singh, “Pollen Production and Allergenic Significance of Some Grasses around Luck-now,” Journal of Palynology, Vol. 11, 1975, pp. 151-154.

[23]   I. J. Smart, W. G. Tuddenham and R. B. Knox, “Aerobiology of Grass Pollen in the City Atmosphere of Mel bourne: Effects of Weather Para-meters and Pollen Sources,” Australian Journal of Botany, Vol. 27, No. 3, 1972, pp. 333-342. doi:10.1071/BT9790333

[24]   A. J. Bai and C. S. Reddi, “Pollen Productivity and Pollen Incidence in Some Potentially Allergenic Plants of Visakhapatnam,” Advances in Pollen and Spore Research, Vol. 5, No. 7, 1980, pp. 217-224

[25]   S. M. Beri and S. C. Anand, “Factors Affecting Pollen Shedding Capacity in Wheat,” Euphytica, Vol. 20, No. 2, 1971, pp. 327-332. doi:10.1007/BF00056096

[26]   E. A. Cahn, “Study of Fertility in Some Common Varieties of Wheat with Respect to Anther Length and Amount of Pollen in Parents and Offspring,” Journal of American Agronomical Society, Vol. 17, No. 10, 1925, pp. 591-595.

[27]   B. S. Trivedi and H. A.Verma, “A Study of Pollen Production and Stainability in Cassia tora L. and Arachis hypogeae L.,” Journal of Palynology, Vol. 11, 1975, pp. 139-142.

[28]   S. R. Rangaswami and V. S. Raman, “Pollen Production in Diploids and Autotetraploids of Rice (oryza sativa L),” Pollen and Spores, Vol. 15, No. 2, 1973, pp. 189-193

[29]   M. Sahney and S. Chaurasia, “Pollen Production in Some Allergenic Plant Taxa of Allahabad,” Indian Journal of Aerobiology, Vol. 21, No. 2, 2008, pp. 69-72.

[30]   J. M. Pettit and C. B. Beck, “Seed from the Upper Devonian,” Science, Vol. 156, No. 3783, 1967, pp. 1727-1729. doi:10.1126/science.156.3783.1727

[31]   A. K. Mondal and S. Mandal, “Biochemical and Clinical Studies of Ailanthus Excels Roxb. Pollen with Reference to Its Dispersal,” Bangladesh Journal of Botany, Vol. 26, 1997, pp. 115-120.

[32]   R. R. Haynes, “Reproductive Biology of Selected Aquatic Plants,” Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, Vol. 75, No. 3, 1988, pp. 805-810. doi:10.2307/2399368

[33]   M. Proctor, P. Yeo and A. Lack, “The Natural History of Pollination,” Harper Collins, London, 1996.

[34]   J. D. Ackerman, “Abiotic Pollen and Pollination: Ecological, Functional, and Evolutionary Perspectives,” Plant Systematics and Evolution, Vol. 222, No. 1, 2000, pp. 167-185.

[35]   C. D. K. Cook, “Wind Pollination in Aquatic Angiosperms,” Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, Vol. 75, No. 3, 1988, pp. 768-777. doi:10.2307/2399365

[36]   C. D. Sculthorpe, “The Biology of Aquatic Vascular Plants,” Edward Arnold Publication Ltd., London, 1967.

[37]   P. K. K. Nair and S. K. Kapoor, “Pollen Production in Some Vegetable Crops,” Geobios, Vol. 1, 1974, pp. 71-73.

[38]   S. Mondal and S. K. Roy, “Pollen Production in Weeds Associated with Some Rice Cultivars in Burdwan District West-Bengal India,” Geophytology, Vol. 14, 1984, pp. 74-81.

[39]   S. Mandal and R. Yonzone, “Pollen Production in Saifraxga ciliate,” Environment and Ecology, Vol. 5, No. 2, 1986, pp. 386-387.

[40]   S. Mandal and R. Yonzone, “Pollen Production in Amaryllis reginae L.,” Mendel, Vol. 3, No. 3, 1987, pp. 192- 193.

[41]   Y. O. Kho and J. Baer, “The Effect of Temperature on Pollen Production in Carnations,” Euphytica, Vol. 22, No. 1, 1973, pp. 467-470. doi:10.1007/BF00021553

[42]   L. R. Joppa, F. H. Macneal and M. A. Berg, “Pollen Production and Pollen Shedding of Hard Red Spring (Triticum aestivum L. em. Thell.) and Durum (T. durum Desf.) Wheat’s,” Crop Science, Vol. 8, No. 4, 1968, pp. 487-490. doi:10.2135/cropsci1968.0011183X000800040028x

[43]   C. A. Rogers, “Application of Aeropalynological Principles in Paleoecology,” Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, Vol. 79, No. 1-2, 1993, pp. 133-140. doi:10.1016/0034-6667(93)90043-T

[44]   E. Adams, W. E. Perkins and J. R. Estes, “Pollination Systems in Paspalum dilatatum Poir. (Poaceae): An Example of Insect Pollination in a Temperate Grass,” American Journal of Botany, Vol. 68, No. 3, 1981, pp. 389-394. doi:10.2307/2442775

[45]   T. D. Allisson, “Pollen Production and Plant Density Affect Pollination and Seed Production in Taxus canadiensis,” Ecology, Vol. 7, No. 2, 1990, pp. 516-522. doi:10.2307/1940305

[46]   D. Bhunia and A. K. Mondal, “Studies on Production, Morphology and Free Amino Acids of Pollen of Four Members in the Genus Nymphaea L. (Nymphaeaceae),” International Journal on Science and Nature, Vol. 3, No. 3, 2012, pp. 705-718.