The new field of mitochondrial filamentation and its first potential applications are just getting underway (1-7), following a series of pilot experiments in our laboratory over the past few decades (8-14). I should like to give a brief overview of the role that some new methods are playing in this emerging area of physiological bioenergetics, supported by a few references to our contributions as I scarcely have the faculties now to understand other specific contributions. This new field is brimming with promises for medicine, science and society, in general. I cannot and must not be concrete or comprehensive, because I honestly feel that it is now that matters are really beginning to take off, assisted by the most appropriate international capabilities.
 J. M. Gobernado, M. Gosalvez, C. Cortina, M. Lousa, C. Riva, A. Gimeno, “Mitochondrial Functions in Chronic Muscular Atrophy,” Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, Vol. 43, No. 6, 1980, pp. 546-549.
 F. O’Connor, J. L. Castillo-Olivares, M. G. Eguaras, A. Juffe, M. Gosalvez and D. Figera, “Anoxic Cardiac Arrest: Its Effect on Myocardial Mitochondrial Metabolism,” The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery, Vol. 16, No. 5, 1975, pp. 493-499.
 A. Bootello, E. Fernandez-Cruz, P. Escartin, M. F. Blanco, M. Gosalvez and J. M. S. De Arana, “Injurious Effect on Rat Liver Mitochondria by Lymphocytes from Patients with Primary Biliary Cirrhosis,” Clinical & Experimental Immunology, Vol. 24, No. 2, 1976, pp. 374-377.
 J. Diaz Gil, I. Rossi, P. Escartin, J. M. Segovia and M. Gosalvez, “Mitochondrial Functions and Content of Microsomal and Mitochondrial Cytochromes in Human Cirrhosis,” Clinical Science & Molecular Medicine, Vol. 52, No. 6, 1977, pp. 599-606.