Modeling, Control & Fault Management of Microgrids

Affiliation(s)

Department of Electrical Engineering, Sahand University of Technology, Tabriz, Iran.

Saman Gostar Company (Distributor of SANTERNO, Italy), Tehran, Iran.

Department of Electrical Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran..

Department of Electrical Engineering, Sahand University of Technology, Tabriz, Iran.

Saman Gostar Company (Distributor of SANTERNO, Italy), Tehran, Iran.

Department of Electrical Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran..

ABSTRACT

In this paper, modeling and decentralize control principles of a MicroGrid (MG) whom equipped with three Distributed Generation (DG) systems (consist of: Solar Cell System (SCS), MicroTurbine System (MTS) and Wind Energy Conversion System (WECS)) is simulated. Three arrangement of load changing have investigated for the system. In first one the system doesn’t have transfer of power between MG and grid. In other two arrangements system have transfer of power between MG and utility grid. Of course in third case transfer of power between DG resources is considerable. Case study system is equipped by energy storage devices (battery bank) for each DG’s separately by means of increasing the MG reliability. For WECS and SCS, MPPT control and for MTS, voltage and frequency (V&F) controller has designed. The purpose of this paper is load respond in MG and storage process of surplus energy by consider of load changing. MATLAB/Simulink and its libraries (mainly the Sim Power Systems toolbox) were employed in order to develop a simulation platform suitable for identifying MG control requirements. This paper reported a control and op- eration of MG in network tension by applying a three phase fault.

Cite this paper

M. Moradian, F. Tabatabaei and S. Moradian, "Modeling, Control & Fault Management of Microgrids,"*Smart Grid and Renewable Energy*, Vol. 4 No. 1, 2013, pp. 99-112. doi: 10.4236/sgre.2013.41013.

M. Moradian, F. Tabatabaei and S. Moradian, "Modeling, Control & Fault Management of Microgrids,"

References

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[9] D. Georgakis, S. Papathanassiou, N. Hatziargyriou, A. Engler and C. Hardt, “Operation of a Prototype Microgrid System Based on Micro-Sources Equipped with Fast-Acting Power Electronics Interfaces,” Proceedings of IEEE 35th PESC, Aachen, Vol. 4, 2004, pp. 2521-2526.

[10] F. Blaabjerg, R. Teodorescu, M. Liserre and A. V. Timbus, “Overview of Control and Grid Synchronization for Distributed Power Generation Systems,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 53, No. 5, 2006, pp. 1398-1409.

[11] M. Uzunoglu, O. C. Onar and M. S. Alam, “Modeling, Control and Simulation of a PV/FC/UC Based Hybrid Power Generation System for Stand-Alone Applications,” Renewable Energy, Vol. 34, No. 3, 2009, pp. 509-520. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2008.06.009

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[13] http://www.solarserver.com/yellow-pages/companies/company-search/optical-fiber-solar-cell-fabrication-company.html

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[19] I. Zamora, J. S. Martin, A. Mazon, J. S. Martin and V. Aperribay, “Emergent Technologies in Electrical MicroGeneration,” International Journal of Emerging Electric Power Systems, Vol. 3, No. 2, 2005, pp. 1553-1779.

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[23] J. A. P. Lopes, C. L. Moreira and A. G. Madureira, “Defining Control Strategies for MicroGrids Islanded Operation,” IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 21, No. 2, 2006, pp. 916-924.

[24] R. H. Lasseter and P. Piagi, “Microgrid: A Conceptual Solution,” PESC’04, Aachen, 20-25 June 2004.

[25] T. Ackermann, “Wind Power in Power Systems,” John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, 2005. doi:10.1002/0470012684

[26] A. J. G. Westlake, J. R. Bumby and E. Spooner, “Damping the Power-Angle Oscillations of a Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Generator with Particular Reference to Wind Turbine Applications,” IEE Proceedings of Electric Power Applications, Vol. 143, No. 3, 1996, pp. 269-280.

[27] L. Dambrosio and B. Fortunato, “One Step Ahead Adaptive Control Technique for a Wind Turbine-Synchronous Generator System,” Proceedings of the 32nd Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, Honolulu, 27 July-1 August 1997, pp. 1970-1975.

[28] A. H. M. A. Rahim, M. A. Alam and M. F. Kandlawala, “Dynamic Performance Improvement of an Isolated Wind Turbine Induction Generator,” Computers and Electrical Engineering, Vol. 35, No. 4, 2009, pp. 594-607. doi:10.1016/j.compeleceng.2008.08.008

[29] Carraro Group. www.santerno.com/company/company-profile/

[1] B. Lasseter, “Microgrids (Distributed Power Generation),” Proceedings of the IEEE PES Winter Meeting, Vol. 1, 2001, pp. 146-149.

[2] N. Hatziargyriou, H. Asano, R. Iravani and C. Marnay, “Microgrids: An Overview of Ongoing Research, Development, and Demonstration Projects,” IEEE Power Energy Magazine, Vol. 5, No. 4, 2007, pp. 78-94. doi:10.1109/MPAE.2007.376583

[3] M. Pipattanasomporn, H. Feroze and S. Rahman, “MultiAgent Systems in a Distributed Smart Grid: Design and Implementation,” Power Systems Conference and Exposition, Seattle, 15-18 March 2009, pp. 1-8.

[4] Public Power Corporation, “Microgrids—Large Scale Integration of Micro-Generation to Low Voltage Grids,” Technical Annex, 2002.

[5] P. Piagi and R. H. Lasseter, “Autonomous Control of Microgrids,” IEEE PES Meeting, Montreal, June 2006.

[6] C. L. Moreira, F. O. Resende and J. A. P. Lopes, “Using Low Voltage MicroGrids for Service Restoration,” IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 22, No. 1, 2007, pp. 395-403.

[7] R. Zamora and A. K. Srivastava, “Controls for Microgrids with Storage: Review, Challenges, and Research Needs,” Elsevier, Vol. 14, No. 7, 2010, pp. 2009-2018.

[8] F. Katiraei, M. R. Iravani and P. W. Lehn, “Microgrid Autonomous Operation during and Subsequent to Islanding Process,” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 20, No. 1, 2005, pp. 248-257.

[9] D. Georgakis, S. Papathanassiou, N. Hatziargyriou, A. Engler and C. Hardt, “Operation of a Prototype Microgrid System Based on Micro-Sources Equipped with Fast-Acting Power Electronics Interfaces,” Proceedings of IEEE 35th PESC, Aachen, Vol. 4, 2004, pp. 2521-2526.

[10] F. Blaabjerg, R. Teodorescu, M. Liserre and A. V. Timbus, “Overview of Control and Grid Synchronization for Distributed Power Generation Systems,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 53, No. 5, 2006, pp. 1398-1409.

[11] M. Uzunoglu, O. C. Onar and M. S. Alam, “Modeling, Control and Simulation of a PV/FC/UC Based Hybrid Power Generation System for Stand-Alone Applications,” Renewable Energy, Vol. 34, No. 3, 2009, pp. 509-520. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2008.06.009

[12] Z. M. Salameh, B. S. Borowy and A. R. A. Amin, “Photovoltaic Module-Site Matching Based on the Capacity Factors,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 10, No. 2, 1995, pp. 326-332. doi:10.1109/60.391899

[13] http://www.solarserver.com/yellow-pages/companies/company-search/optical-fiber-solar-cell-fabrication-company.html

[14] M. A. Masoum, H. Dehbonei and E. F. Fuchs, “Theoretical and Experimental Analyses of Photovoltaic Systems with Voltageand Current-Based Maximum Power-Point Tracking,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 22, No. 8, 2002, p. 62.

[15] W. I. Rowen, “Simplified Mathematical Representations of Heavy Duty Gas Turbines,” Journal of Engineering for Power, Vol. 105, No. 4, 1983, pp. 865-869. doi:10.1115/1.3227494

[16] L. N. Hannet and A. Khan, “Combustion Turbine Dynamic Model Validation from Tests,” IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 8, No. 1, 1993, pp. 152-158.

[17] A. K. Saha, S. Chowdhury, S. P. Chowdhury and P. A. Crossley, “Modeling and Performance Analysis of a Microturbine as a Distributed Energy Resource,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 24, No. 2, 2009, pp. 529-538.

[18] Working Group on Prime Mover and Energy Supply Models for System Dynamic Performance Studies, “Dynamic Models for Combined Cycle Plants in Power System Studies,” IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 9, No. 3, 1994, pp. 1698-1708. doi:10.1109/59.336085

[19] I. Zamora, J. S. Martin, A. Mazon, J. S. Martin and V. Aperribay, “Emergent Technologies in Electrical MicroGeneration,” International Journal of Emerging Electric Power Systems, Vol. 3, No. 2, 2005, pp. 1553-1779.

[20] C.-M. Ong, “Dynamic Simulation of Electric Machinery Using Matlab/Simulink,” Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, 1998.

[21] M. Malinowski, S. Stynski, W. Kolomyjski and M. P. Kazmierkowski, “Control of Tree-Level PWM Converter Applied to Variable Speed-Type Turbine,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 56, No. 1, 2009, pp. 69-77.

[22] M. Liserre, F. Blaabjerg and S. Hansen, “Design and Control of an LCL Filter-Based Three-Phase Active Rectifier,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 4, No. 5, 2005, pp. 1281-1291.

[23] J. A. P. Lopes, C. L. Moreira and A. G. Madureira, “Defining Control Strategies for MicroGrids Islanded Operation,” IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 21, No. 2, 2006, pp. 916-924.

[24] R. H. Lasseter and P. Piagi, “Microgrid: A Conceptual Solution,” PESC’04, Aachen, 20-25 June 2004.

[25] T. Ackermann, “Wind Power in Power Systems,” John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, 2005. doi:10.1002/0470012684

[26] A. J. G. Westlake, J. R. Bumby and E. Spooner, “Damping the Power-Angle Oscillations of a Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Generator with Particular Reference to Wind Turbine Applications,” IEE Proceedings of Electric Power Applications, Vol. 143, No. 3, 1996, pp. 269-280.

[27] L. Dambrosio and B. Fortunato, “One Step Ahead Adaptive Control Technique for a Wind Turbine-Synchronous Generator System,” Proceedings of the 32nd Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, Honolulu, 27 July-1 August 1997, pp. 1970-1975.

[28] A. H. M. A. Rahim, M. A. Alam and M. F. Kandlawala, “Dynamic Performance Improvement of an Isolated Wind Turbine Induction Generator,” Computers and Electrical Engineering, Vol. 35, No. 4, 2009, pp. 594-607. doi:10.1016/j.compeleceng.2008.08.008

[29] Carraro Group. www.santerno.com/company/company-profile/