Back
 OJPP  Vol.3 No.1 A , February 2013
A Re-Interpretation of African Philosophical Idea of Man and the Universe: The Yoruba Example
Abstract: The concern of this paper is to argue against Maduabuchi Dukor’s conception of African philosophical ideas of man, universe and God as“theistic humanism”. Dukor’s submission is an anti-thesis of the claims by many pioneer scholars in African philosophy who claimed that if Africans do not live in a religious universe perhaps one can affirm that their universe is theistic. But indeed the Africans’ perceptions and attitude to life in their various manifestations reveal an idealistic metaphysical orientation without an attenuation of humanistic elements. It is argued in this paper that Dukor’s philosophical idea of reality in the African context though contributes to knowledge, it is in sharp contrast to African metaphysical theories such as Placide Temple’s theory of vital forces, Olubi Sodipo’s theory of mystical causality, Dagogo Idoniboye’s theory of spiritism among others. Even Sophie Oluwole, who argues that the Yoruba idea of morality is humanistic, still concludes that in moral issues the gods act as agent of sanction. In situating the African idea of reality in context, the Yoruba example is used in this paper with a view to establishing, contrary to Dukor’s“theistic humanism”; that reality among the Yoruba is better construed as“humanistic theism”.
Cite this paper: Akande, M. (2013). A Re-Interpretation of African Philosophical Idea of Man and the Universe: The Yoruba Example. Open Journal of Philosophy, 3, 140-145. doi: 10.4236/ojpp.2013.31A023.
References

[1]   Azenabor, G. (2010). Modern African philosophical theories. Lagos: Byolah Publishers.

[2]   Fletcher, J. (1966). Situation ethics: A new morality.

[3]   Grube, G. M. A. (1992). Plato republic. Indianapolis: Hacket Publishing co.

[4]   Honer, S., Hunt, T., & Okholm, D. (1999). Invitation to philosophy (8th ed.). Canada: Wadsworth Publishing Company.

[5]   Idowu, B. (1979). Olodumare: God in Yoruba belief. London: Longman Publisher

[6]   Kola, A. (2006). Yoruba culture: A philosophical account. Birmingham: Iroko Publishers.

[7]   Maduabuchi, D. (2001). Theistic humanism—African philosophical tradition. Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research, 18.

[8]   Maduabuchi, D. (2010). Theistic humanism of African philosophy: The great debates on substance and method of philosophy. Saabruchckhen: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing Gmbh & co.

[9]   Olusegun, O. (2006). Africanism. Ogun: Kofo David Graphics.

[10]   Oluwole, S. (1984). The rational basis of Yoruba ethical thinking. Nigerian Journal of Philosophy, 4-5.

[11]   Oluwole, S. (1992). Witchcraft reincarnation and godhead (Issues in African philosophy). Lagos: Ark Publishers.

[12]   Sodipo, O. (1973). Note on the concept of cause and chance. Second Order: An African Journal of Philosophy, 2.

[13]   Velasquez, M. (2005). Philosophy: A text with readings (9th ed.). Belmont: Thomson Wadsworth.

[14]   Wiseman, R. (2003). The luck factor. The Magazine for Science and Reason, 27. http://www.csicop.Org/si

 
 
Top