Obnoxious labels are derogatory terms which speak extensively on the ignorant dispositions of scholars who either rush into faulty conclusions, or have prior decisions to promote class distinction through the uncomplimentary colours they paint of what others hold as divine, spiritual, and transcendental. For such derogatory terms to gain wide audience in a globalized age explain the frame of mind of discordant voices which have been based on arm-chair scholarship. The thrust of this article therefore, is to use Igbo experience to explore the problems of atheism and humanism in a globalized world. The exploratory research will help adopt cultural centred approach in analyzing the dichotomy between the various philosophical view points on God, spirits and man’s religious belief system in Igbo land in particular and Africa in general. It is hoped that the analyses of the challenges posed by atheism and humanism in a globalized world will balance ideas, views, attitudes and behaviour that will reposition Igbo religious beliefs, values and practices in line with the proposed theistic humanism associated with Igbo culture in particular and African culture in general. This will breach the persisted conflict between the sacred and the secular pointing to a dynamic and progressive Igbo culture.
Cite this paper
Onyekwere, C. & Uche, O. (2013). Atheism and Humanism in a Globalized World: The Igbo Experience. Open Journal of Philosophy, 3, 93-100. doi: 10.4236/ojpp.2013.31A015.
 Abbaganno, N. (1967). Humanism. In P. Edward (Ed.), The encyclopedia of philosophy (Vol. 4). New York: Macmillan and Free Press.
 Camus, A. (1961). The myth of sisyphus. New York: Vintage books.
 Chukwujekwu, S. C. (2007). Personalism and humanism in the philosophy of Pope John Paul II. Annual memorial lecture series. Awka: Charles and Patrick.
 Doniger, W. (1999). Merriam—Webster’s encyclopedia of world religions. Massacusetts.
 Dukor, M. (2007). Propositions of African cultural values. Journal of the society for Arts and Humanities, 2, 1-6.
 Dukor, M. (2010). Theistic humanism of African philosophy: A great debate on substance and method of philosophy. Berlin: Lambert Academic Publishing.
 Edwards, F. (1989). What is humanism. Washington: Executive Director American Humanist Association.
 Ejizu, C. I. (1986). Continuity and discontinuity for Igbo traditional religion. In E. I. Metuh (Ed.), The Gods in retreat. Enugu: Fourth Dimension.
 Ekwuru, E. G. (2009). Igbo cosmology: The ontogeny and hermeneutics of Igbo sculture studies in african ethnoaesthetics. Owerri: Living Flames Resources.
 Epstein, C. M. (2010). Good without God: What a billion nonreligious people do believe. New York: Harper Collins.
 Haralambos, M., Holborn, M., & Heald, R. (2008). Sociology: Themes and perspective. London: Collins.
 Kalu, O. U. (1978). Precarious vision: The African perception of this world. Enugu: Fourth Dimension.
 Madu, J. E. (2003). The paradox of the “one” and the “many” in religion. Niger: Global communications.
 Madu, J. E. (2004). Honest to African cultural heritage. Onitsha: Coskan Associates.
 MacGregor, G. (N.D). Introduction to religious philosophy. London: Macmillan.
 Mairi, R. (1998). Chambers 21st century dictionary. New Delhi: Allied Chambers.
 Metuh, E. I. (1978). Comparative studies of African traditional religion. Onitsha: Imico.
 Nwala, T. U. (1985). Igbo Philosophy. Ikeja: Literamed.
 Ugwu, C. O. T., & Ugwueye, L. E. (2004). African traditional religion: A prolegomenon. Lagos: Merit international.
 Momoh, C. S. (1996). African moral atheism. Essence: An International Journal of Philosophy, 1, 20-28.
 Mondin, B. (1995). Philosophical anthropology. Rome: Urbaniana University.
 Onunwa, U. (1990). Studies in Igbo traditional religion. Obosi: Pacific.
 Richard, O. (1983). A critique of revolutionary humanism. Frantz Fanon, Missouri: Warren H. Inc.
 Ogunmodede, F. (2007). John Paul II and the problem of humanism. In S. C. Chukwujekwu (Ed.), Personalism and humanism in the philosophy of Pope John Paul II Annual memorial lecture series. Awka: Rex Charles and Patrick.
 Okeke, D. C. (2002). Foundations of religious studies. Enugu: Rabboni.
 Okoye, J. I. (2007). Keynote address: Personalism and Humanism in the philosophy of Pope John Paul II. In S. C. Chukwujekwu (Ed.), Personalism and humanism in the philosophy of Pope John Paul II Annual memorial lecture series. Awka: Rex Charles and Patrick.
 Ritzer, G. (2012). Sociological theory. New York: McGraw-Hill.
 Stumpf, S. E. (1975). Philosophy: History and problems. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company.
 Umezinwa, C. (2009). Why we study humanities. In I. Emejulu, & C. Umezinwa (Ed.), Humanities for tertiary institutions. Ogidi: MasterPrint.
 Ukaegbu, F. N. (2002). The Igbos: The Afrikan root of nations. Ibadan: Hernemann, Educational Books.
 Uche, O. O. C. (2006). The dynamics of religion as a matrix of culture. In N. Ojiakor, & Iyke (Eds.), Readings in Nigeria peoples and culture. Enugu: NGIB Publishers.
 Uche, O. O. C. (2007a). Comte’s religion of humanity: Some sociological implications. Journal of the society for Arts and Humanities, 2, 18-26.
 Uche, O. O. C. (2007b). Globalizing African priesthood essence. International Journal of Philosophy, 4, 91-101.
 Uche, O. O. C. (2007c). Preservation of African cultural values in the 21st Century. In N. Ojiakor (Ed.), Salient issues in Nigerian history, culture and socio political development. Enugu: Emmy Angel Publishers.
 Uche, O. O. C. (2009a). Basic belief system in African traditional religion. In F. Aghamelu, & C. Asomugha (Eds.), Readings in African thought and culture. Enugu: Strong Tower.
 Uche, O. O. C. (2009b). Shinto and industrial development in Japan: Lessons for Nigeria. In I. Emejuru, & C. Umezinwa (Eds.), Humanities for tertiary institutions. Aforigwe Ogidi: MasterPRINT.
 Uche, O. O. C (2009c). The socio-religious significance of taboos in Nigeria. In F. Aghamelu, & C. Asomugha (Eds.), Readings in African thought and culture. Enugu: Strong Tower.
 Uche, O. O. C. (2010). Filial piety: A religious synergy for national development in a globalized economy. In A. B. C. Chiegboka, T. C. Utoh-Ezeajugh, & G. I. Udechukwu (Eds.), The humanities and globalization in the 3rd millennium (pp. 292-298). Nimo: Rex Charles and Patrick Ltd.
 Uche, O. O. C., & Grace, A. O. (2010). Divinities and social integration in Africa. Journal of the Society for Arts and Humanities, 5, 122-129.
 Uche, O. O. C. (2011a). Obnoxious labels as a language of class struggle in Nigeria; the Igbo experience: African research review. An International Multi-Disciplinary Journal, 5, 197-211.
 Uche, O. O. C. (2011b). Religion and sustainable development in Nigeria; a functionalist prospective. In A. B. C. Chiegbuka, T. C. Utoh Ezeajuah, & M. S. Ogene (Eds.), The humanities and sustainable development (pp. 350-359). Nimo: Rex Charles and Patrick.
 Uchendu, V. C. (1965). The Igbo of south-eastern Nigeria. Chicago: Holt Reinhart and Winston.