A Non-Dimensional Consideration in Combustor Axial Stress Computations

Author(s)
Ebene Ufot,
Barinaadaa Thaddeus Lebele-Alawa,
Ibiba Emmanuel Douglas,
Kelvin D. H. Bob-Manuel

Abstract

Thermal stresses in the combustor of gas-turbines are computed using non-dimensional parameters. Buckingham pi theorem was used to arrange the listed relevant parameters into non-dimensional groups. In testing the validity of the functional relation of the non-dimensional independent parameters, use is made of the prevailing temperatures of the combustor in operation. A computer program was used to enhance computations. The results showed an interesting way of influencing the axial stresses. To reduce stresses in gas-turbine combustors, a method of varying the independent parameter that is of radius ratio oriented and thickness dependent was adopted. This showed a reduction of the axial stresses to minimal levels using the parameters. Plots were made and a point of inflection that manifested itself in the presentation of the axial stress function was further investigated upon. It turned out to be a point of abnormal stress level and out-of-trend temperature profile. The use of non-dimensional consideration proved adequate in the computation of axial stresses. The results showed a 2 percent difference from existing values of stresses got from a transient thermal loading of a combustor.

Thermal stresses in the combustor of gas-turbines are computed using non-dimensional parameters. Buckingham pi theorem was used to arrange the listed relevant parameters into non-dimensional groups. In testing the validity of the functional relation of the non-dimensional independent parameters, use is made of the prevailing temperatures of the combustor in operation. A computer program was used to enhance computations. The results showed an interesting way of influencing the axial stresses. To reduce stresses in gas-turbine combustors, a method of varying the independent parameter that is of radius ratio oriented and thickness dependent was adopted. This showed a reduction of the axial stresses to minimal levels using the parameters. Plots were made and a point of inflection that manifested itself in the presentation of the axial stress function was further investigated upon. It turned out to be a point of abnormal stress level and out-of-trend temperature profile. The use of non-dimensional consideration proved adequate in the computation of axial stresses. The results showed a 2 percent difference from existing values of stresses got from a transient thermal loading of a combustor.

Cite this paper

nullE. Ufot, B. Lebele-Alawa, I. Douglas and K. Bob-Manuel, "A Non-Dimensional Consideration in Combustor Axial Stress Computations,"*Engineering*, Vol. 2 No. 9, 2010, pp. 733-739. doi: 10.4236/eng.2010.29095.

nullE. Ufot, B. Lebele-Alawa, I. Douglas and K. Bob-Manuel, "A Non-Dimensional Consideration in Combustor Axial Stress Computations,"

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