ANP  Vol.2 No.1 , February 2013
Deposition of Monodisperse Platinum Nanoparticles of Controlled Size on Different Supports
Abstract: Monodisperse platinum nanoparticles with controlled size were synthesized by polyol synthesis and supported on γ-Al2O3, SiO2 and carbon nanotubes (CNT) by the colloid deposition method. The average size of Pt nanoparticles in colloidal solutions and on supports were determined by TEM images and from XRD patterns. The size of Pt nanoparticles supported on SiO2 and CNT determined from XRD patterns is in a good agreement with size obtained from the TEM analyses. There were shown that no agglomeration and size changing of Pt nanoparticles on these supports were observed. All these findings illustrate that the method of colloid deposition allows one to obtain catalyst with monodisperse platinum nanoparticles of controlled size deposited on different supports without changing the nanoparticle’s size and morphology.
Cite this paper: Kaidanovych, Z. , Kalishyn, Y. and Strizhak, P. (2013) Deposition of Monodisperse Platinum Nanoparticles of Controlled Size on Different Supports. Advances in Nanoparticles, 2, 32-38. doi: 10.4236/anp.2013.21007.

[1]   Q. Qiang and A. E. Ostafin, “Metal Nanoparticles in Catalysis,” Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Vol. 5, 2004, pp. 475-503.

[2]   Y. Shao, J. Liu, Y. Wang and Y. Lin, “Novel Catalyst Support Materials for PEM Fuel Cells: Current Status and Future Prospects,” Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 19, No. 1, 2009, pp. 46-59. doi:10.1039/b808370c

[3]   N. Toshima, H. Yan and Y. Shiraishi, “Recent Progress in Bimetal Nanoparticles: Their Preparation, Structures and Functions,” Metal Nanoclusters in Catalysis and Materials Science: The Issue of Size Control, 2008, pp. 49-75.

[4]   Z. Peng and H. Yang, “Designer Platinum Nanoparticles: Control of Shape, Composition in Alloy, Nanostructure and Electrocatalytic Property,” Nano Today, Vol. 4, No. 2, 2009, pp. 143-164. doi:10.1016/j.nantod.2008.10.010

[5]   N. Tian, Z. Zhou and S. Sun, “Platinum Metal Catalysts of High-Index Surfaces: From Single-Crystal Planes to Electrochemically Shape-Controlled Nanoparticles,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 112, No. 50, 2008, pp. 19801-19817. doi:10.1021/jp804051e

[6]   J. R. Croy, S. Mostafa, L. Hickman, H. Heinrich and B. R. Cuenya, “Bimetallic Pt-Metal Catalysts for the Decomposition of Methanol: Effect of Secondary Metal on the Oxidation State, Activity, and Selectivity of Pt,” Applied Catalysis A, Vol. 350, No. 2, 2008, pp. 207-216. doi:10.1016/j.apcata.2008.08.013

[7]   J. Garcia, H. T. Gomes, P. Serp, P. Kalck, J. L. Figueiredo and J. L. Faria, “Platinum Catalysts Supported on MWNT for Catalytic Wet Air Oxidation of Nitrogen Containing Compounds,” Catalysis Today, Vol. 102-103, 2005, pp. 101-109. doi:10.1016/j.cattod.2005.02.013

[8]   H. T. Gomes, P. Serp, P. Kalck, J. L. Figueiredo and J. L. Faria, “Carbon Nanotubes and Xerogels as Supports of Well-Dispersed Pt Catalysts for Environmental Applications,” Applied Catalysis B, Vol. 54, No. 3, 2004, pp. 175-182. doi:10.1016/j.apcatb.2004.06.009

[9]   H. Tong, H.-L. Li and X.-G. Zhang, “Ultrasonic Synthesis of Highly Dispersed Pt Nanoparticles Supported on MWCNTs and Their Electrocatalytic Activity towards Methanol Oxidation,” Carbon, Vol. 45, No. 12, 2007, pp. 2424-2432. doi:10.1016/j.carbon.2007.06.028

[10]   C.-S. Chen, H.-W. Chen and W.-H. Cheng, “Study of Selective Hydrogenation of Acetophenone on Pt/SiO2,” Applied Catalysis A: General, Vol. 248, No. 1-2, 2003, pp. 117-128. doi:10.1016/S0926-860X(03)00156-X

[11]   B. Liu, J. H. Chen, X. X. Zhong, K. Z. Cui, H. H. Zhou and Y. F. Kuang, “Preparation and Electrocatalytic Properties of Pt-SiO2 Nanocatalysts for Ethanol Electrooxidation,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol. 307, No. 1, 2007, pp. 139-144. doi:10.1016/j.jcis.2006.11.027

[12]   I. V. Babich and J. A. Moulijn, “Science and Technology of Novel Processes for Deep Desulfurization of Oil Refinery Streams: A Review,” Fuel, Vol. 82, No. 6, 2003, pp. 607-631. doi:10.1016/S0016-2361(02)00324-1

[13]   I. Balint, A. Miyazaki and K. Aika, “Effect of Platinum Morphology on Lean Reduction of NO with C3H6,” Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 6, No. 8, 2004, pp. 2000-2001. doi:10.1039/b402971b

[14]   I. Balint, A. Miyazaki and K. Aika, “Investigation of the Morphology-Catalytic Reactivity Relationship for Pt Nanoparticles Supported on Alumina by Using the Reduction of NO with CH4 as a Model Reaction,” Chemical Communications, No. 10, 2002, pp. 1044-1045. doi:10.1039/b202421g

[15]   X. H. Liu, Y. Guo, W. J. Xu, Y. Q. Wang, X. Q. Gong, Y. L. Guo, Y. Guo and G. Z. Lu, “Catalytic Properties of Pt/Al2O3 Catalysts in the Aqueous-Phase Reforming of Ethylene Glycol: Effect of the Alumina Support,” Kinetics and Catalysis, Vol. 52, No. 6, 2011, pp. 817-822. doi:10.1134/S0023158411060115

[16]   P. Serp, M. Corrias and P. Kalck, “Carbon Nanotubes and Nanofibers in Catalysis,” Applied Catalysis A, Vol. 253, No. 2, 2003, pp. 337-358. doi:10.1016/S0926-860X(03)00549-0

[17]   H. Marsh, E. A. Heintz and F. Rodriquez-Reinoso, “Introduction to Carbon Technologies,” Alicante, 1997.

[18]   F. Rodriguez-Reinoso, “The Role of Carbon Materials in Heterogeneous Catalysis,” Carbon, Vol. 36, No. 3, 1998, pp. 159-318. doi:10.1016/S0008-6223(97)00173-5

[19]   H. T. Gomes, P. Serp, P. Kalck, J. L. Figueiredo and J. L. Faria, “Carbon Nanotubes and Xerogels as Supports of Well-Dispersed Pt Catalysts for Environmental Applications,” Applied Catalysis B, Vol. 54, No. 3, 2004, pp. 175-182. doi:10.1016/j.apcatb.2004.06.009

[20]   B. Rajesh, K. Ravindranathan Thampi, J. M. Bonard, N. X. Xanthopoulos, H. J. Mathieu and B. Viswanathan, “Carbon Nanotubes Generated from Template Carbonization of Polyphenyl Acetylene as the Support for Electrooxidation of Methanol,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 107, No. 12, 2003, pp. 2701-2708. doi:10.1021/jp0219350

[21]   I. Lee, F. Delbecq, R. Morales, M. A. Albiter and F. Zaera, “Tuning Selectivity in Catalysis by Controlling Particle Shape,” Nature Materials, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2009, pp. 132-138. doi:10.1038/nmat2371

[22]   I. Lee, R. Morales, M. A. Albiter and F. Zaera, “Synthesis of Heterogeneous Catalysts with Well Shaped Platinum Particles to Control Reaction Selectivity,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 105, No. 40, 2008, pp. 15241-15246. doi:10.1073/pnas.0805691105

[23]   K. M. Bratlie, H. Lee, K. Komvopoulos, P. Yang and G. A. Somorjai, “Platinum Nanoparticle Shape Effects on Benzene Hydrogenation Selectivity,” Nano Letters, Vol. 7, No. 10, 2007, pp. 3097-3101. doi:10.1021/nl0716000

[24]   S. Alayoglu, C. Aliaga, C. Sprung and G. A. Somorjai, “Size and Shape Dependence on Pt Nanoparticles for the Methylcyclopentane/Hydrogen Ring Opening/Ring Enlarge ment Reaction,” Catalysis Letters, Vol. 141, No. 7, 2011, pp. 914-924. doi:10.1007/s10562-011-0647-6

[25]   A. B. Boffa, C. Lin, A. T. Bell and G. A. Somorjai, “Lewis Acidity as an Explanation for Oxide Promotion of Metals: Implications of Its Importance and Limits for Catalytic Reactions,” Catalysis Letters, Vol. 27, No. 3-4, 1994, pp. 243-249. doi:10.1007/BF00813909

[26]   A. Bruix, J. A. Rodriguez, P. J. Ramirez, S. D. Senanay ake, J. Evans, J. B. Park, D. Stacchiola, P. Liu, J. Hrbek and F. Illas, “Catalyst-Support Interactions: Electronic Per turbations,” Journal of American Chemical Society, Vol. 134, No. 48, 2012, pp. 8968-8974. doi:10.1021/ja302070k

[27]   A. Kwangjin, N. Musselwhite, G. Kennedy, V. Pushkarev, L. R. Baker and G. A. Somorjai, “Preparation of Mesoporous Oxides and Their Support Effects on Pt Nanoparticle Catalysts in Catalytic Hydrogenation of Furfural,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol. 392, 2013, pp. 122-128. doi:10.1016/j.jcis.2012.10.029

[28]   A. I. Tripol’skii, N. V. Lemesh, V. O. Khavrus’ and P. E. Strizhak, “Morphology of Carbon Nanotubes, Obtained by Decomposition of Ethylene on Nickel Nanoparticles at Various Rates of Flow and Concentration of C2H2,” Theoretical and Experimental Chemistry, Vol. 44, No. 4, 2008, pp. 240-244. doi:10.1007/s11237-008-9034-9

[29]   D. S. Brand?o, R. M. Galv?o, M. da Gra?a, M. C. da Rocha, P. Bargiela and E. A. Sales, “Pt and Pd Catalysts Supported on Al2O3 Modified with Rare Earth Oxides in the Hydrogenation of Tetralin, in the Presence of Thiophene,” Catalysis Today, Vol. 133-135, 2008, pp. 324 330. doi:10.1016/j.cattod.2007.12.128