PSYCH  Vol.4 No.2 , February 2013
Relationships between Personality and Coping with Stress: An Investigation in Swedish Police Trainees
ABSTRACT

The aim was to investigate relationships between personality characteristics derived from Cloninger’s personality theory and ways of coping. We investigated 103 police trainees by the Temperament and Character Inventory and Ways of Coping Checklist. There were several particularities characterising trainees within various personality profiles relating to coping. Each WoC scale was significantly predicted by varying personality subscales with temperament subscales mainly contributing to the prediction. Only personality domains harm avoidance, reward dependence, and self directedness could significantly be predicted by coping scales. Some coping behaviours often jointly occur depending on the specific stressful situation; and these combinations are related to particular personality trait constellations.


Cite this paper
Richter, J. , Lauritz, L. , Preez, E. , Cassimjee, N. & Ghazinour, M. (2013). Relationships between Personality and Coping with Stress: An Investigation in Swedish Police Trainees. Psychology, 4, 88-95. doi: 10.4236/psych.2013.42012.
References
[1]   Antonovsky, A. (1987). Unraveling the mystery of health. San Francisco, CA: Jossey Bass.

[2]   Bolger, N. (1990). Coping as a personality process: a prospective study. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 59, 525-537. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.59.3.525

[3]   Bolger, N., & Zuckerman, A. (1995). A framework for studying personality in the stress process. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 890-902. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.69.5.890

[4]   Br?ndstr?m, S., Sigvardsson, S., Nylander, P. O., & Richter, R. (2008). The Swedish version of the temperament and character inventory (TCI): A Cross-Validation of Age and Gender Influences. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 24, 14-21. doi:10.1027/1015-5759.24.1.14

[5]   Carver, C. S., & Connor-Smith, J. (2010). Personality and coping. Annual Review of Psychology, 61, 679-704. doi:10.1146/annurev.psych.093008.100352

[6]   Carver, C. S., Scheier, M. F., & Weintraub, J. K. (1989). Assessing coping strategies: A theoretically based approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 56, 267-283. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.56.2.267

[7]   Chopko, B. (2010). Posttraumatic distress and growth: An empirical study of police officers. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 64, 55-72.

[8]   Cloninger, C. R., Przybeck, T. R., Svrakic, D. M., & Wetzel, R. D. (1994). The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI): A guide to its development and use. St. Louis, MO: Center for Psychobiology of Personality.

[9]   Cloninger, C. R., Svrakic, D. M., & Przybeck, T. R. (1993). A psychobiological model of temperament and character. Archives of General Psychiatry, 50, 975-990. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1993.01820240059008

[10]   Connor-Smith, J., & Flachsbart, C. (2007). Relations between personal ity and coping: A meta-analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 93, 1080-1107. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.93.6.1080

[11]   Costa Jr., P. T., Somerfield, M. R., & McCrae, K. R. (1996). Personality and coping: A reconceptualization (pp. 44-61). In M. Zeidner and N. S. Endler (Eds.). Handbook of coping: Theory, research, applicalions. New York: Wiley.

[12]   De Longis, A., & Holtzman, S. (2005). Coping in context: The role of stress, social support, and personality in coping. Journal of Personality, 73, 1633-1656. doi:10.1111/j.1467-6494.2005.00361.x

[13]   Du Preez, E., Cassimjee, N., Ghazinour, M., Lauritz, L. E., & Richter, J. (2009). Personality of South African police trainees. Psychological Reports, 105, 539-553. doi:10.2466/pr0.105.2.539-553

[14]   Ferguson, E. (2001). Personality and coping traits: A joint factor analysis. British Journal of Health Psychology, 6, 311-325. doi:10.1348/135910701169232

[15]   Fickova, E. (2001). Personality regulators of coping behavior in adolescents. Studia Psychologica, 43, 321-329.

[16]   Folkman, S. (1985). Ways of coping (revised). San Francisco, CA: Osher Center for Integrative Medicine at UCSF.

[17]   Folkman, S. (1997). Positive psychological states and coping with severe stress. Social Sciences and Medicine, 45, 1207-1221. doi:10.1016/S0277-9536(97)00040-3

[18]   Folkman, S., & Lazarus, R. S. (1980). An analysis of coping in a middle-aged community sample. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 21, 219-239. doi:10.2307/2136617

[19]   Folkman, S., & Lazarus, R. S. (1985). If it changes it must be a process: Study of emotion and coping three stages of a collage examination. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48, 150-170. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.48.1.150

[20]   Ghazinour, M., Lauritz, L. E., du Preez, E., Cassimjee, N., &Richter, J. (2009). An investigation of mental health and personality in Swedish police trainees upon entry to the police academy. Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology, 25, 34-42. doi:10.1007/s11896-009-9053-z

[21]   Ghazinour, M., & Richter, J. (2009). Anger related to psychopathology, temperament and character in healthy individuals—An explorative study. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 37, 1197-1212. doi:10.2224/sbp.2009.37.9.1197

[22]   Hancock, P., & Desmond, P. (2001). Stress, workload, and fatigue. London: LEA

[23]   Jang, K. L., Thordarson, D. S., Stein, M. B., Cohan, S. L., & Taylor, S. (2007). Coping styles and personality: A biometric analysis. Anxiety Stress Coping, 20, 17-24. doi:10.1080/10615800601170516

[24]   Kato, K., & Pedersen, N. L. (2005). Personality and coping: A study of twins reared apart and twins reared together. Behavior Genetics, 35, 147-158. doi:10.1007/s10519-004-1015-8

[25]   Lau, B., Hem, E., Berg, A. M., Ekeberg, ?., & Torgersen, S. (2006). Personality types, coping, and stress in the Norwegian police service. Personality and individual Differences, 41, 971-982. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2006.04.006

[26]   Lazarus, R. S. (1966). Psychological stress and the coping process. New York: McGraw-Hill.

[27]   Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal, and coping. New York: Springer.

[28]   Maltby, J., Day, L., McCutcheon, L. E., Gillett, R., Houran, J., & Ashe, D. D. (2004). Personality and coping: A context for examining ce lebrity worship and mental health. British Journal of Psychology, 95, 411-428. doi:10.1348/0007126042369794

[29]   McCrae, R. R. & Costa, P. T. (1986). Personality, coping, and coping effectiveness in an adult sample. Journal of Personality, 54, 385-405. doi:10.1111/j.1467-6494.1986.tb00401.x

[30]   McWilliams, L. A., Cox, B. J., & Enns, M. W. (2003). Use of the coping inventory for stressful situations in a clinically depressed sample: Factor structure, personality correlates, and prediction of distress. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 59, 423-437. doi:10.1002/jclp.10080

[31]   Mitchell, J. T., & Bray, G. (1990). Emergency services stress. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

[32]   Morash, M., Haarr, R., & Kwak, D. (2006). Multilevel influences on police stress. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 22, 26-43. doi:10.1177/1043986205285055

[33]   Murberg, T. A. (2009). Associations between personality and coping styles among Norwegian adolescents. Journal of Individual Differences, 30, 59-64. doi:10.1027/1614-0001.30.2.59

[34]   Snyder, C. R., Harris, C., Anderson, J. R., Holleran, S. A., Irving, L. M., Sigmon, S. T., Suls J. & Martin R. (2005). The daily life of the garden-variety neurotic: reactivity, stressor exposure, mood spillover, and maladaptive coping. Journal of Personality, 73, 1485-1509. doi:10.1111/j.1467-6494.2005.00356.x

[35]   Stinchcomb, J. B. (2004). Searching for stress in all the wrong places: Combating chronic organizational Stressors in policing. Police Practice and Research, 5, 259-277. doi:10.1080/156142604200227594

[36]   Taylor, S. E., & Brown, J. D. (1994) Positive illusions and well-being revisited: Separating fact from fiction. Psychological Bulletin, 116, 21-27. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.116.1.21

[37]   Vollrath, M. (2001). Personality and stress. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 42, 335-347. doi:10.1111/1467-9450.00245

[38]   Vollrath, M., & Torgersen, S. (2000). Personality types and coping. Personality and Individual Differences, 18, 117-125. doi:10.1016/0191-8869(94)00110-E

[39]   Vollrath, M., Torgersen, S., &Aln?s, R. (1998). Neuroticism, coping and change in MCMI-II clinical syndromes: Test of a mediator model. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 39, 15-24. doi:10.1111/1467-9450.00051

 
 
Top