CE  Vol.4 No.2 , February 2013
Burnout Levels and Personality Traits—The Case of Turkish Architectural Students
ABSTRACT

The aim of this research has been to investigate the relationship between personality traits and burnout levels of architectural undergraduate students. Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI) and Five Factor Model were used to collect related data. Analysis of the collected data showed variations in personality traits and burnout levels of students from first to fourth year and revealed that education process was an important role player in personality development and burnout levels of students. Architectural students tended to be more “open to experience” and “extraverted” as they proceeded from the first year to final year without having high levels of “emotional exhaustion”. “Emotional exhaustion” was observed together with “neurotic” personality traits of students. Thus, one of the key recommendations of this research is that university counselors should plan and organize guidance programmes by focusing on individual requirements caused by both the student's personality traits and demands of the university education which may vary between both years and departments. Future work of this research will thus focus on civil engineering and computer engineering students in order to determine the effect of departmental differences on burnout levels of students and guide counseling programmes within the University accordingly.


Cite this paper
Celik, G. & Oral, E. (2013). Burnout Levels and Personality Traits—The Case of Turkish Architectural Students. Creative Education, 4, 124-131. doi: 10.4236/ce.2013.42018.
References
[1]   Aghaee, N. G., & ?ren, T. (2004). Effects of cognitive complexity in agent stimulation. Summer Computer Stimulation Conference, 25-29 July 2004, San Rose, 15-19.

[2]   Bakker, A. B., Demerouti, E., & Schaufeli, W. B. (2002). Validation of Maslach Burnout Inventory—General Survey: An internet study. Anxiety, Stress and Coping, 15, 245-260. doi:10.1080/1061580021000020716

[3]   Bakker, A. B., Van Der Zee, K. I., Lewig, K. A., & Dollard, M. F. (2006). The relationship between the big five personality factors and burnout: A study among volunteer counselors, The Journal of Social Psychology, 146, 31-50. doi:10.3200/SOCP.146.1.31-50

[4]   Breso, E., Salanova, M., & Schaufeli, W. B. (2007). In search of the “third dimension” of burnout: Efficacy or inefficacy? Applied Psychology: An International Review, 56, 460-478. doi:10.1111/j.1464-0597.2007.00290.x

[5]   Breso, E., Schaufeli, W. B., & Salanova, M. (2011). Can a self-efficacy-based intervention decrease burnout, increase engagement, and enhance performance? A quasi-experimental study. Higher Education, 61, 339-355.

[6]   Bühler, K. E., & Land, T. (2004). Burnout and personality in extreme nursing: An empirical study. Swiss Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry, 155, 35-42.

[7]   Chernyshenko, S. (2001). Applications of ideal point approaches to scale construction and scoring in personality measurement: The development of a six-faceted measure of conscientiousness. Ph.D. Dissertation, Urbana: Bemidji State University.

[8]   Cheung, F. M., van de Vijver, F. J. R., & Leong, F. T. L. (2011). Toward a new approach to the study of personality in culture. American Psychologist, 66, 593-603. doi:10.1037/a0022389

[9]   Cohen, J., Cohen P., West, S. G., & Aiken, L. S. (2002). Applied multiple regression/correlationanalysis for the behavioral sciences (3rd ed.). Hove: Psychology Press.

[10]   Cook, V. D. (2005). An investigation of the construct validity of the big five construct of emotional stability in relation to job performance, job satisfaction an career satisfaction. Ph.D. Dissertation, Knoxville: The University of Tennessee.

[11]   Costa, P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (2000). Revised neo personality inventtory. Interpretive Report. http://www.acer.edu.au/documents/sample_reports/neo-pir-sample.pdf

[12]   Davies, M. (1998). Understanding marketing. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

[13]   Demirkan, S. (2006). ?zel sekt?rdeki y?neticilerin ve ?ali?anlarin ba?lanma stilleri, kontrol oda?i, i? doyumu ve be? fakt?r ki?ilik ?zelliklerinin ara?tirilmas?. Yay?nlanmam?? Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Ankara üniversitesi.

[14]   Deniz, A. (2007). Ki?ilik ?zellikleri ile algilanan risk arasindaki ili?kilerin incelenmesi üzerine bir ara?tirma, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Erzurum: Atatürk üniversitesi.

[15]   Durbin, A. (1994). Appliying psychology: Individual and organizational effectiveness. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

[16]   Ehrler, J. D. (2005). An investigation into the relation between five factor model of personality and academic achievement in children. Ph.D. Dissertation, Atlanta: The College of Education Georgia State University.

[17]   Eren, E. (2000). ?rgütsel davrani? ve y?netim psikolojisi. Beta Yay?nevi, ?stanbul.

[18]   Esteve, E. B. (2003). Well-being and performance in academic settings: The predicting role of self-efficacy. Ph.D. Thesis, Jaume University, Spain.

[19]   Eysenck, H. J., & Wilson, G. (2000). Ki?ili?inizi tan?y?n. Remzi Kitabevi, ?stanbul.

[20]   Friday, A. S. (2004). Criterion-related validity of big five adolescent personality traits. Ph.D. Dissertation, Knoxville: The University of Tennessee.

[21]   Gan, Y., & Shang, J. (2007). Coping flexibility and locus of control as predictors of burnout among Chinese college students. Social Behavior and Personality, 35, 1087-1098. doi:10.2224/sbp.2007.35.8.1087

[22]   Ghorpade, J., Lackritz, J., & Singh, G. (2007). Burnout and personality: Evidence from academia. Journal of Career Assessment, 15, 240-250. doi:10.1177/1069072706298156

[23]   Goldberg, L. R. (1990). An alternative description of personality, the big five factor structure. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 59, 1216-1229. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.59.6.1216

[24]   G?kda?, ?. (1996). Bilgisayar e?itimi ??retim teknolojisi. Ankara: Ankara üniversitesi, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, E?itim Programlar? ve ??retimi Anabilim Dal? (Yay?nlanmam?? Yüksek Lisans Tezi).

[25]   Güney, S. (2000). Davran?? bilimleri. Nobel Yay?n Da??t?m, Bask?, Ankara.

[26]   Hankin, B., Lakdawalla, Z., Carter, L., Abela, J., & Adams, P. (2007). Are Neuroticism, cognitive vulnerabilities and self esteem overlapping or distinct risks for depression? Evidence from exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 26, 26s-63s.

[27]   Hu, Q., & Schaufeli, W. (2009). The factorial validity of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey in China. Psychological Reports, 105, 394-408. doi:10.2466/pr0.105.2.394-408

[28]   Jackson, L. T. B., & Rothmann, S. (2005). An adapted model of burnout for educators in South African. South African Journal of Education, 25, 100-108.

[29]   Jia, Y. A., Rowlinson, S., Kvan, T., & Lingard, H. C. (2009a). Burnout among Hong Kong Chinese architecture students: The paradoxical effect of Confucian Conformity values. Construction Management and Economics, 27, 287-298. doi:10.1080/01446190902736296

[30]   Jia, Y. A., Rowlinson, S., Kvan, T., Lingard, H., & Yip, B. (2009b). Must burnout end up with dropout? The Built & Human Environment Review, 2, 102-111.

[31]   John, O. P., & Srivastava, S. (1999). The big-five trait taxonomy: History, measurement and theoretical perspectives (pp. 70-71). Oakland, CA: University of California.

[32]   Kalayc?, ?. (2008). SPSS uygulamali ?ok de?i?kenli istatistik teknikleri. Asil Yay?n, Ankara.

[33]   Kim, H. J., Shin, K. H., & Swanger, N. (2009). Burnout and engagement: A comparative analysis using the big five personality dimensions. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 28, 96-104. doi:10.1016/j.ijhm.2008.06.001

[34]   Kokkinos, C. M. (2007). Job stressors, personality and burnout in primary school teachers. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 77, 229-243. doi:10.1348/000709905X90344

[35]   Kokkonen, M., & Pulkkinen, L. (2001). Examination of the paths between personality current mood, it’s evaluation and emotion regulation. Journal of Personality, 15, 83s-104s.

[36]   Kulik, L. (2006). Burnout among volunteers in the social services: The impact of gender and employment status. Journal of Community Psychology, 34, 541-561. doi:10.1002/jcop.20114

[37]   Lee, J., Puig, A., Kim, Y. B., Shin, H., Lee, J. H., & Lee, S. M. (2010). Academic burnout profiles in Korean adolescents. Stress and Health, 26, 404-416. doi:10.1002/smi.1312

[38]   Lent, J. (2010). The impact of work setting, demographic factors and personality factors on burnout of professional counselors (pp. 102- 104). Ph.D. Thesis, Akron, OH: University of Akron.

[39]   Lindsfors, P. M., Nurmi, K. E., Meretoja, O. A., Luukkonen, R. A., Viljanen, A. M., Leino, T. J., & H?rm?, M. I. (2006). On-call stress among Finnish anaesthetists. Anaesthesia, 61, 856-866. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2044.2006.04749.x

[40]   Lingard, H. C., Yip, B., Rowlinson, S., & Kvan, T. (2007). The Experience of burnout among future construction professionals: A cross national study. Construction Management and Economics, 25, 345- 357. doi:10.1080/01446190600599145

[41]   Loveland, J. M. (2004). Cognitive ability, big five and narrow personality traits in the prediction of academic performance. Ph.D. Dissertation, Knoxville: The University of Tennessee.

[42]   Martinez, M. T. (2005). A correlational study between the mmpi-2, psy-5 and the 16pf global factors. Ph.D. Dissertation, Azusa, CA: Azusa Pacific University.

[43]   Maslach, C., Jackson, S. E., & Leiter, M. P. (1996). Maslach burnout inventory manual (3rd ed.). Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.

[44]   Maslach, C., & Goldberg, J. (1998). Prevention of burnout: New perspectives. Applied & Preventive Psychology, 7, 63s-74s. doi:10.1016/S0962-1849(98)80022-X

[45]   McCrae, R. R., Costa, P. T., & Dye, D. A. (1991). Facet scales for agreeableness and conscientiousness; a revision of the personality inventory. Personality and Individual Differences, 12, 887s-898s. doi:10.1016/0191-8869(91)90177-D

[46]   McCrae, R. R., & Terracciano, A. (2005). Personality profiles of cultures: Aggregate personality traits. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89, 407-425. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.89.3.407

[47]   Morgan, C. T. (1999). Psikolojiye giri?. E?itim Kitabevi, Bask?.

[48]   Morgan, B. (2008). The relationship between the big five personality traits and burnout in South African university students (pp. 108-117). Johannesburg: University of Johannesburg.

[49]   Myburgh, C., Poggenpoel, M., & Plessis, D. D. (2011). Multivariate differential analyses of adolescents’ experiences of aggression in families. South African Journal of Education, 31, 590-602.

[50]   Salanova, M., Schaufeli, W., Martinez, I., & Breso, E. (2009). How obstacles and facilitators predict academic performance: The mediating role of study burnout and engagement. Anxiety, Stress & Coping, 23, 53-70. doi:10.1080/10615800802609965

[51]   Perry, S. R. (2003). Big five personality traits and work drive as predictors of adolescent academic performance. Ph.D. Dissertation, Knoxville: The University of Tennessee.

[52]   Pienaar, J., & Wyk, D. V. (2006). Teacher burnout: Construct equivalence and the role of union membership. South African Journal of Education, 26, 541-551.

[53]   Ried, L. D., Motycka, C., Mobley, C., & Meldrum, M. (2006). Comparing self-reported burnout of pharmacy students on the founding campus with those at distance campuses. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 70, 1-12. doi:10.5688/aj7005114

[54]   Schaufeli, W. B., & Enzmann, D. (1998). The burnout companion to study and practice. A Critical Analysis, London: Taylor & Francis.

[55]   Schaufeli, W. B., Martinez, I. B., Pinto, A. M., Salanova, M., & Bakker, A. B. (2002). Burnout and engagement in university students: A cross national study. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 33, 464. doi:10.1177/0022022102033005003

[56]   Schmitt, D. P., Realo, A., Voracek, M., & Allik, J. (2008). Why can’t a man be more like a woman? Sex differences in big five personality traits across 55 cultures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 94, 168-182. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.94.1.168

[57]   Somer, O., & Goldberg, R. L. (1999). The structure of Turkish traitdescriptive adjectives. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 76, 431s-450s. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.76.3.431

[58]   Somer, O., Korkmaz, M., & Tatar, A. (2002). Be? fakt?r ki?ilik envanterinin geli?tirilmesi-i: ?l?ek ve alt ?l?eklerinin olu?turulmasi. Türk Psikoloji Dergisi, 17, 21s-33s.

[59]   Storm, K., & Rothmann, S. (2003). The relationship between burnout, personality traits and coping strategies in a corporate pharmaceutical group. Journal of Industrial Psychology, 29, 35-42.

[60]   Swider, B. W., & Zimmerman, R. D. (2010). Born to burnout: A metaanalytic path model of personality, job burnout and work outcomes. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 76, 487-506. doi:10.1016/j.jvb.2010.01.003

[61]   ?im?ek, ?. (2006). ?nsan dinami?i ki?ilik ?zelliklerinin incelenmesine y?nelik ?l?ek geli?tirme ?ali?mas?. Yay?nlanmam?? Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Sakarya: Sakarya üniversitesi.

[62]   Tekin, H. (1996). E?itimde ?l?me ve de?erlendirme. Ankara: Yarg? Yay?nlar?.

[63]   Tichon, M. A. (2005). Personnel selection in the transportation sector: An investigation of personality traits in relation to job performance of delivery drivers. Ph.D. Dissertation, Knoxville: The University of Tennessee.

[64]   Tomic, W., Tomic, D. M., & Evers, W. J. G. (2004). A question of burnout among reformed church ministers in the Netherlands, mental health. Religion & Culture, 7, 225-247. doi:10.1080/13674670310001602472

[65]   Turner, J. E. (2003). Proactive personality and big five as predictors of motivation to learn. Ph.D. Dissertation, Norfolk: Old Dominion University.

[66]   Weckwerth, A. C., & Flynn, D. M. (2006). Effect of sex on perceived support and burnout in university students. College Student Journal, 40, 237-250.

[67]   Yang, H. J. (2004). Factors affecting student burnout and academic achievement in multiple enrolment programs in Taiwan’s technical-vocational colleges. International Journal of Educational Development, 24, 283-301. doi:10.1016/j.ijedudev.2003.12.001

[68]   Y?lmaz, A. (2007). ?lk??retim müfetti?lerinin mesleki g?revlerini yerine getirme durumlari ile tükenmi?lik düzeyleri arasindaki ili?ki (pp. 89-90). Doktora Tezi, Bolu: Abant ?zzet Baysal üniversitesi.

[69]   Zhang, Y., Gan, Y., & Cham, H. (2007). Perfectionism, academic burnout and engagement among chinese college students: A structural equation modeling analysis. Personality and Individual Differences, 43, 1529-1540. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2007.04.010

[70]   Zopiatis, A., Constanti, P., & Pavlou, I. (2010). Investigating the association of burnout and personality traits of hotel managers. International CHRIE Conference, Refereed Track, Paper 11.

 
 
Top