The changing nature of climatic factors has different impacts on agriculture based areas, periods and crops. Farmers are the most vulnerable group who are affected both directly and indirectly through climatic changes. In the study area in Malaysia, climatic changes have adverse impacts on farmers. Due to climatic change, productivity and profitability of paddy cultivation have declined in the Integrated Agricultural Development Area, North-West Selangor. Farmers perceive that paddy cultivation is no longer profitable due to low productivity as a result of climatic changes. They now prefer full-time to part-time engagement in paddy cultivation. Heavy government subsidy and encouragement are not enough; it requires increase in productivity and profitability of paddy cultivation for making it a viable and sustainable sector. All efforts of mitigation and adaptation must be pursued to counter the adverse impacts of climatic changes and increase the productivity of paddy cultivation in the area. It is observed that there is a high degree of income inequality among the paddy farmers in the study area.
Cite this paper
Alam, M. , Siwar, C. , Talib, B. and Jaafar, A. (2013) Climatic change and the socioeconomic sustainability of the paddy farmers in Malaysia. Natural Science
, 163-166. doi: 10.4236/ns.2013.51A025
 NRS (2001) National response strategies to climate change. Ministry of Science, Technology and the Environment, Malaysia.
 NAHRIM (2006) Final report: Study of the impact of climate change on the hydrologic regime and water resources of Peninsular Malaysia. National Hydraulic Research Institute of Malaysia (NAHRIM) and California Hydrologic Research Laboratory (CHRL), Malaysia.
 Siwar, C., Alam, M.M., Murad, M.W. and Al-amin, A.Q. (2009) A review of the linkages between climate change, agricultural sustainability and poverty in Malaysia. International Review of Business Research Papers, 5, 309-321. http://www.bizresearchpapers.com/23.%20Siwar.pdf.
 Alam, M.M., Siwar, C. & Toriman, M.E. (2010) Socioeconomic study of climate change: An assessment of agriculture and livelihood sustainability on paddy farming in Malaysia. LAP Lambert Academic Publishing, Saarbrucken.
 Alam, M.M., Siwar, C., Molla, R.I., Toriman, M.E. and Talib, B. (2011) Climate change and vulnerability of paddy cultivation in north-west Selangor, Malaysia: A survey of farmers’ assessment. Voice of Academia, 6, 45-56.
 Alam, M.M., Siwar, C., Molla, R.I., Toriman, M.E. and Talib, B. (2010) Socioeconomic impacts of climatic change on paddy cultivation: An empirical investigation in Malaysia. Journal of Knowledge Globalization, 3, 71-84.
 Alam, M.M., Siwar, C., Murad, M.W., Molla, R.I. and Toriman, M.E. (2010) Socioeconomic profile of farmer in Malaysia: Study on integrated agricultural development area in north-west Selangor. Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, 7, 249-26.
 Alam, M.M., Siwar, C., Talib, B. and Toriman M.E. (2011) An empirical study on the relationships between the socioeconomic profile of farmers and paddy productivity in north-west Selangor, Malaysia. Asia-Pacific Development Journal, 18.
 IADA (Integrated Agricultural Development Area) (2009) Internal unpublished data from the record of north west Selangor, Malaysia.
 Agriculture Statistical Handbook (2008) Paddy, Ministry of Agriculture, Malaysia.
 Alam, M.M., Siwar, C. and Al-Amin, A.Q. (2010) Climate change adaptation policy guidelines for agricultural sector in Malaysia. Asian Journal of Environmental and Disaster Management, 2, 463-469.
 Alam, M.M., Siwar, C., Talib, B., Mokhtar, M. and Mohd Ekhwan, T. (2012) Climate change adaptation policy in Malaysia: Issues for agricultural sector. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 7, 1368-1373.