NS  Vol.5 No.1 A , January 2013
Time-integrated North Atlantic Oscillation as a proxy for climatic change
Abstract: The time-integrated yearly values of North Atlantic Oscillation (INAO) are found to be well correlated to the sea surface temperature. The results give the feasibility of using INAO as a good proxy for climate change and contribute to a more complete picture of the full range of variability inherent in the climate system. Moreover, the extrapolation in the future of the well identified 65-year harmonic in INAO suggests a gradual decline in global warming starting from 2005.
Cite this paper: Mazzarella, A. (2013) Time-integrated North Atlantic Oscillation as a proxy for climatic change. Natural Science, 5, 149-155. doi: 10.4236/ns.2013.51A023.

[1]   Mazzarella, A. and Scafetta, N. (2012) Evidences for a quasi 60-year North Atlantic Oscillation since 1700 and its meaning for global climatic change. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 107, 599-609. doi:10.1007/s00704-011-0499-4

[2]   Mc Lean, R.C. and Ivimey-Cook, W.R. (1973) Textbook of theoretical botany. Addison-Wesley Educational Publishers Inc., Upper Saddle River.

[3]   Curry, J.A. and Webster, P.J. (2011) Climate science and the uncertainty monster. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 92, 1667-1682. doi:10.1175/2011BAMS3139.1

[4]   Mazzarella, A. (2007) The 60-year modulation of global air temperature: The Earth’S rotation and atmospheric circulation connection. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 88,193-199. doi:10.1007/s00704-005-0219-z

[5]   Mazzarella, A. (2008) Solar forcing of changes in atmospheric circulation, Earth’S rotation and climate. The Open Atmospheric Science Journal, 2, 181-184. doi:10.2174/1874282300802010181

[6]   Mazzarella, A. (2009) Sun climate linkage now confirmed. Energy & Environmental Science, 20,123-130. doi:10.1260/095830509787689150

[7]   Rogers, J.C. (1984) The association between the North Atlantic Oscillation and the Southern Oscillation in the northern hemisphere. Monthly Weather Review, 112, 1999-2015. doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1984)112<1999:TABTNA>2.0.CO;2

[8]   Hurrell, J.W. (1995) Decadal trends in the North Atlantic Oscillation regional temperatures and precipitation. Science, 269, 676-679. doi:10.1126/science.269.5224.676

[9]   Jones, P.D., Jónsson, T. and Wheeler, D. (1997) Extension to the North Atlantic Oscillation using early instrumental pressure observations from Gibraltar and South-West Iceland. International Journal of Climatology, 17, 1433-1450. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-0088(19971115)17:13<1433::AID-JOC203>3.0.CO;2-P

[10]   Luterbacher, J., Xoplaki, E., Dietrich, D., Jones, P.D., Davies, T.D., Portis, D., Gonzalez-Rouco, J.F., von Storch, H., Gyalistras, D., Casty, C. and Wanner, H. (2002) Extending North Atlantic Oscillation reconstructions back to 1500. Atmospheric Science Letters, 2, 114-124. doi:10.1006/asle.2001.0044

[11]   Stephenson, F.R. and Morrison, L.V. (1995) Long-term fluctuations in Earth’s rotation: 700 BC to AD 1990. Philosophical Transactions A, 351, 165-202. doi:10.1098/rsta.1995.0028

[12]   Brohan, P., Kennedy, J.J., Harris, I., Tett, S.F.B. and Jones, P.D. (2006) Uncertainty estimates in regional and global observed temperature changes: A new dataset from 1850. Journal of Geophysical Research, 111, D12106. doi:10.1029/2005JD006548

[13]   Rayner, N.A., Parker, D.E., Horton, E.B., Folland, C.K., Alexander, L.V., Rowell, D.P., Kent E.C. and Kaplan, A. (2003) Globally complete analyses of sea surface temperature, sea ice and night marine air temperature, 1871-2000. Journal of Geophysical Research, 108, 4407. doi:10.1029/2002JD002670

[14]   Rossby, C.G. (1941) The scientific basis of modern meteorology in climate and man, in yearbook. US Department of Agriculture, Washington DC.

[15]   Bath, A. (1974) Spectral analysis in geophysics. Elsevier, New York.

[16]   Cecere, A., Mazzarella, A. and Palumbo, A. (1981) TIDE: A computer program of refinement of the Chapman-Miller method for the determination of lunar tides. Computers & Geosciences, 7, 185-198. doi:10.1016/0098-3004(81)90029-7

[17]   Lamb, H.H. (1972) Climate, present, past and future. Methuen, London.

[18]   Lambeck, K. (1980) The Earth’s variable rotation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. doi:10.1017/CBO9780511569579

[19]   Trouet, V., Esper, J., Graham, N.E., Baker, A., Scourse, J.D. and Frank, D.C. (2009) Persistent positive North Atlantic Oscillation mode dominated the medieval climate anomaly. Science, 324, 78-80. doi:10.1126/science.1166349

[20]   Scafetta, N. (2010) Empirical evidence for a celestial origin of the climate oscillations and its implications. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 72, 951-970.