CWEEE  Vol.2 No.1 , January 2013
On the Short-Term Optimisation of a Hydro Basin with Social Constraints
Abstract: In this paper, an optimisation problem for calculating the best energy bids of a set of hydro power plants in a basin is proposed. The model is applied to a real Spanish basin for the short-term (24-hour) planning of the operation. The algorithm considers the ecological flows and social consumptions required for the actual operation. One of the hydro plants is fluent, without direct-control abilities. The results show that the fluent plant can be adequately controlled by using the storage capacities of the other plants. In the simulations, the costs related to the social consumptions are more significant than those due to the ecological requirements. An estimate of the cost of providing water for social uses is performed in the study.
Cite this paper: Hermida, G. and Castronuovo, E. (2013) On the Short-Term Optimisation of a Hydro Basin with Social Constraints. Computational Water, Energy, and Environmental Engineering, 2, 9-20. doi: 10.4236/cweee.2013.21002.

[1]   “Concerning Common Rules for the Internal Market in Electricity and Repealing Directive 96/92/EC,” European Parliament and of the Council, 1996.

[2]   “The Spanish Electric System 2010,” Red Eléctrica de Espa?a (REE), Madrid, 2011.

[3]   R. Sternberg, “Hydropower: Dimensions of Social and Environmental Coexistence,” Renewable Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 12, No. 6, 2008, pp. 1588-1621. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2007.01.027

[4]   M. Markoff and A. Cullen, “Impact of Climate Change on Pacific Northwest Hydropower,” Climate Change, Vol. 87, No. 3/4, 2008, pp. 451-469. doi:10.1007/s10584-007-9306-8

[5]   I. P. Holman, D. Tascone and T. M. Hess, “A Comparison of Stochastic and Deterministic Downscaling Methods for Modeling Potential Groundwater Recharge under Climate Change in East Anglia, UK: Implications for Groundwater Resource Management,” Hydrogeology Journal, Vol. 17, No. 7, 2009, pp. 1629-1641. doi:10.1007/s10040-009-0457-8

[6]   M. Marie, B. Fran?ois, K. Stéphane and L. Robert, “Adaptation to Climate Change in the Management of a Canadian Water-Resources System Exploited for Hydropower,” Water Resources Management, Vol. 23, No. 14, 2009, pp. 2965-2986.

[7]   S. Soares and A. A. F. M. Carneiro, “Optimal Operation of Reservoirs for Electric Generation,” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 6, No. 3, 1991, pp. 1101-1107. doi:10.1109/61.85854

[8]   S. Granville, G. C. Oliveira, L. M. Thome, N. Campodonico, M. L. Latorre, M. V. F. Pereira and L. A. Barroso, “Stochastic Optimization of Transmission Constrained and Large Scale Hydrothermal Systems in a Competitive Framework,” Proceedings of the Power Engineering Society General Meeting, 2003.

[9]   C. Cheng, S. Liao, Z. Tang and M. Zhao, “Comparison of Particle Swarm Optimization and Dynamic Programming for Large Scale Hydro Unit Load Dispatch,” Energy Con version and Management, Vol. 50, No. 12, 2009, pp. 3007 3014. doi:10.1016/j.enconman.2009.07.020

[10]   G. C. Oliveira, S. Binato and M. V. F. Pereira, “Value Based Transmission Expansion Planning of Hydrothermal Systems under Uncertainty,” IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 22, No. 4, 2007, pp. 1429-1435. doi:10.1109/TPWRS.2007.907161

[11]   O. B. Fosso, A. Gjelsvik, A. Haugstad, B. Mo and I. Wangensteen, “Generation Scheduling in a Deregulated System. The Norwegian Case,” IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 14, No. 1, 1999, pp. 75-81. doi:10.1109/59.744487

[12]   A. Kanudia and R. Loulou, “Robust Responses to Climate Change via Stochastic MARKAL: The Case of Québec,” European Journal of Operational Research, Vol. 106, No. 1, 1998. pp. 15-30. doi:10.1016/S0377-2217(98)00356-7

[13]   H. Habibollahzadeh and J. A. Bubenko, “Application of Decomposition Techniques to Short-Term Operation Planning of Hydrothermal Power System,” IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 1, No. 1, 1986, pp. 41-47. doi:10.1109/TPWRS.1986.4334842

[14]   E. Castronuovo and J. A. P. Lopes, “Optimal Operation and Hydro Storage Sizing of a Wind-Hydro Power Plant,” International Journal of Electrical Power Energy Systems, Vol. 26, No. 10, 2004, pp. 771-778. doi:10.1016/j.ijepes.2004.08.002

[15]   G. Zhao and M. Davison, “Optimal Control of Hydroelectric Facility Incorporating Pump Storage,” Renewable Energy, Vol. 34, No. 4, 2009, pp. 1064-1077. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2008.07.005

[16]   H. M. I. Pousinho, V. M. F. Mendes and J. P. S. Catal?o, “Scheduling of a Hydro Producer Considering Head-De pendency, Price Scenarios and Risk-Aversion,” Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 56, 2012, pp. 96-103. doi:10.1016/j.enconman.2011.11.020

[17]   D. N. Simopoulos, S. D. Kavatza and C. D. Vournas, “An Enhanced Peak Shaving Method for Short Term Hydro thermal Scheduling,” Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 48, No. 11, 2007, pp. 3018-3024. doi:10.1016/j.enconman.2007.07.001

[18]   A. L. Diniz and M. E. P. Maceira, “A Four-Dimensional Model of Hydro Generation for the Short-Term Hydro thermal Dispatch Problem Considering Head and Spillage Effects,” IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 23, No. 3, 2008, pp. 1298-1308. doi:10.1109/TPWRS.2008.922253

[19]   Z. Shawwash, K. Thomas, K. Siu and S. O. D. Russell, “The BC Hydro Short Term Hydro Scheduling Optimization Model,” IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 15, No. 3, 2000, pp. 1125-1131. doi:10.1109/59.871743

[20]   J. I. Pérez-Díaz and J. R. Wilhelmi, “Assessment of the Economic Impact of Environmental Constraints on Short Term Hydropower Plant Operation,” Energy Policy, Vol. 38, No. 12, 2010, pp. 7960-7970. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2010.09.020

[21]   J. I. Peréz-Díaz, R. Millán, D. García, I. Guisández and J. R. Wilhelmi, “Contribution of Regulation Reservoirs Considering Pumping Capability to Environmentally Friendly Hydropower Operation,” Energy, Vol. 48, No. 1, 2011, pp. 144-152.

[22]   European Parliament and of the Council, “Establishing a Framework for Community Action in the Field of Water Policy,” Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, 2000.

[23]   Government of Spain, Ministry of the Presidency, Royal Legislative Decree 1/2001, Water Act, 2001.

[24]   Consejeria de Medio Ambiente, Junta de Andalucia, Royal Decree Law 1/2001, 2011.

[25]   CNE, Comisión Nacional de Energía, Royal Decree Law 54/1997, Law of the Electric System.

[26]   Government of Spain, Ministry of the Presidency. Royal Decree 661/2007, Establishing the Regulation of the Activity of the Electric Power Production in the Special Re gime.

[27]   J. M. Y. Loyo, “The Electric Demand,” 2011.

[28]   OMEL-OMIL, “Results of the Iberian Market,” 2011.

[29]   J. Martínez-Crespo, J. Usola and J. L. Fernández, “Security-Constrained Optimal Generation Scheduling in Large Scale Power Systems,” IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 21, No. 1, 2006, pp. 321-332. doi:10.1109/TPWRS.2005.860942

[30]   MATLAB, “The Languages of Technical Computing,” Version, Math Works, 2010.

[31]   Government of Spain, Ministry of Environment, “Guadalquivir’s Description,” 2011.

[32]   Confederación Hidrográfica del Guadalquivir, “Ecological Flows,” 2011.