JCDSA  Vol.3 No.1 A , January 2013
Skin 3D Bioprinting. Applications in Cosmetology
Abstract: Tissue engineering has been used for the treatment of several skin diseases and lesions; however, tissue engineering and regenerative medicine also have a huge potential in cosmetology. They include skin substitutes, cell therapy and wound-healing treatments based on biomaterial-based replacements and 3D systems. This review focuses on the bioprinting technology and how it can improve skin functions, restoring pigmentation or helping hair follicles to develop.
Cite this paper: C. Velasquillo, E. Galue, L. Rodriquez, C. Ibarra and L. Ibarra-Ibarra, "Skin 3D Bioprinting. Applications in Cosmetology," Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications, Vol. 3 No. 1, 2013, pp. 85-89. doi: 10.4236/jcdsa.2013.31A012.

[1]   G. Murphy, “Histology of the Skin,” In: R. Elenitsas, C. Jaworsky and B. Johnson, Eds., Lever’s Histopathology of the Skin, Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia, 1997, pp. 5-50.

[2]   S. Chunmeng and Ch. Tianmin, “Skin: A Promising Reservoir for Adult Stem Cell Populations,” Medical Hypotheses, Vol. 62, No. 5, 2004, pp. 683-688. doi:10.1016/j.mehy.2003.12.022

[3]   H. Lin, “The Stem-Cell Niche Theory: Lessons from Flies,” Nature Reviews Genetics, Vol. 3, No. 12, 2002, pp. 931-940. doi:10.1038/nrg952

[4]   T. W. Fischer, A. Slominski, M. A. Zmijewski, R. J. Reiter and R. Paus, “Melatonin as a Major Skin Protectant: From Free Radical Scavenging to DNA Damage Repair,” Experimental Dermatology, Vol. 17, No. 9, 2008, pp. 713-730. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0625.2008.00767.x

[5]   R. Paus and G. Cotsarelis, “The Biology of Hair Follicles,” New England Journal of Medicine, Vol. 341, No. 7, 1999, pp. 491-497. doi:10.1056/NEJM199908123410706

[6]   W. Liu and Y. Cao, “Application of Scaffold Materials in Tissue Reconstruction in Immunecompetent Mammals: Our Experience and Future Requirements,” Biomaterials, Vol. 28, 2007, pp. 5078-5086. doi:10.1016/j.biomaterials.2007.07.028

[7]   E. Sachlos and J. T. Czernuszka, “Making Tissue Engineering Scaffolds Work. Review: The Application of Solid Freeform Fabrication Technology to the Production of Tissue Engineering Scaf-Folds,” European Cells and Materials, Vol. 5, 2003, pp. 29-39; discussion 39-40.

[8]   B. M. Min, S. W. Lee, J. N. Lim, et al., “Chitin and Chito-San Nanofibers: Electrospinning of Chitin and Deacetylation of Chitin Nanofibers,” Polymer, Vol. 45, No. 21, 2004, pp. 7137-7142. doi:10.1016/j.polymer.2004.08.048

[9]   S. J. Peter, M. J. Miller, A. W. Yasko, M. J. Yaszemski and A. G. Mikos, “Polymer Concepts in Tissue Engineering,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, Vol. 43, No. 4, 1998, pp. 422-427. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-4636(199824)43:4<422::AID-JBM9>3.0.CO;2-1

[10]   A. Mohamed and M. Xing, “Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology for Skin Tissue Engineering,” International Journal of Burns and Trauma, Vol. 2, No. 1, 2012, pp. 29-41.

[11]   W. C. Wilson Jr. and T. Boland, “Cell and Organ Printing 1; Protein and Cell Printers,” The Anatomical Record: Part A, Vol. 272, No. 2, 2003, pp. 491-496.

[12]   J. J. Yoo, A. Atala, K. W. Binder, W. Zhao, D. Dice and T. Xu, Delivery System Office, United States Patent & Trademark.12/986, 2011.

[13]   Y. Li, J. Rodrigues and H. Tomas, “Injectable and Biodegradable Hydrogels: Gelation, Biodegradation and Biomedical Applications,” Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 41, No. 6, 2012, pp. 2193-2221. doi:10.1039/c1cs15203c

[14]   L. Koch, A. Deiwick, S. Schlie, S. Michael, M. Gruene, V. Coger, D. Zychlinski, A. Schambach, K. Reimers, P. M. Vogt and B. Chichkov, “Skin Tissue Generation by Laser Cell Printing,” Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Vol. 109, No. 7, 2012, pp. 1855-1863. doi:10.1002/bit.24455

[15]   R. Czajkowski, “BRAF, HRAS, KRAS, NRAS and CDKN2A Genes Analysis in Cultured Melanocytes Used for Vitiligo Treatment,” International Journal of Dermatology, Vol. 50, No. 2, 2011, pp.180-183. doi:10.1111/j.1365-4632.2010.04675.x

[16]   W. C. Weinberg, et al., “Reconstitution of Hair Follicle Development in Vivo: Determination of Follicle Formation, Hair Growth, and Hair Quality by Dermal Cells,” Journal of Investigative Dermatology, Vol. 100, No. 3, 1993, pp. 229-236. doi:10.1111/1523-1747.ep12468971

[17]   J. Kishimoto, et al., “Selective Activation of the Versican Promoter by Epithelial Mesenchymal Interactions during Hair Follicle Development,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, Vol. 96, No. 13, 1999, pp. 7336-7341. doi:10.1073/pnas.96.13.7336

[18]   W. Unger, R. Shapiro, M. A. Unger and U. Unger, “Hair Transplantation,” 5th Edition, Informa USA, New York, 2010. doi:10.3109/9781616310073

[19]   C. M. Chuong, G. Cotsarelis and K. Stenn, “Defining Hair Follicles in the Age of Stem Cell Bioengineering,” Journal of Investigative Dermatology, Vol. 127, No. 9, 2007, pp. 2098-2100. doi:10.1038/sj.jid.5700947