JMP  Vol.4 No.1 , January 2013
A Simple Mathematical Formulation of the Correspondence Principle
ABSTRACT

In this paper we suggest a simple mathematical procedure to derive the classical probability density of quantum systems via Bohr’s correspondence principle. Using Fourier expansions for the classical and quantum distributions, we assume that the Fourier coefficients coincide for the case of large quantum number. We illustrate the procedure by analyzing the classical limit for the quantum harmonic oscillator and the particle in a box, although the method is quite general. We find, in an analytical fashion, the classical distribution arising from the quantum one as the zeroth order term in an expansion in powers of Planck’s constant. We interpret the correction terms as residual quantum effects at the microscopic-macroscopic boundary.


Cite this paper
J. Bernal, A. Martín-Ruiz and J. García-Melgarejo, "A Simple Mathematical Formulation of the Correspondence Principle," Journal of Modern Physics, Vol. 4 No. 1, 2013, pp. 108-112. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2013.41017.
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